Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Pimephales > Pimephales promelas
 

Pimephales promelas (Black-head minnow; Fathead minnow)

Synonyms:
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Wikipedia Abstract

The fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas), is a species of temperate freshwater fish belonging to the Pimephales genus of the cyprinid family. The natural geographic range extends throughout much of North America, from central Canada south along the Rockies to Texas, and east to Virginia and the Northeastern United States. This minnow has also been introduced to many other areas via bait bucket releases. Its golden, or xanthic, strain, known as the rosy-red minnow, is a very common feeder fish sold in the United States and Canada. This fish is best known for producing Schreckstoff (a distress signal).
View Wikipedia Record: Pimephales promelas

Attributes

Adult Length [1]  3.937 inches (10 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In a nest
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Speleophils (cavity generalist)
Brood Guarder [1]  Yes
Gestation [3]  5 days
Litter Size [1]  4,500
Maximum Longevity [1]  2 years
Diet [2]  Planktivore, Detritivore, Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Female Maturity [1]  60 days
Male Maturity [3]  60 days

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

Predators

Pelecanus erythrorhynchos (American White Pelican)[4]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Burger's Zoo
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Wonders of Wildlife Museum

Range Map

Distribution

America, North - Inland waters; Belgium; Canada; Europe - Inland waters; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Mackenzie; Mexico; Mississippi; Missouri; Nearctic; Nelson-Saskatchewan; Neotropical; North America: Over much of North America from Quebec to Northwest Territories, Canada and south to Alabama, Texas and New Mexico, USA. Also in Mexico. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.; North America: Over much of North America from Quebec to Northwest Territories, Canada and south to Alabama, Texas and New Mexico, USA. Also in Mexico. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction. Asia: Iran (Ref. 39702).; Palearctic; Puerto Rico; Rio Grande; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4"Diet and Prey Use Patterns of the American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) Nesting at Pathfinder Reservoir, Wyoming", Scott L. Findholt and Stanley H. Anderson, Colonial Waterbirds Vol. 18, No. 1 (1995), pp. 58-68
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License