Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Salmoniformes > Salmonidae > Salmo > Salmo salar
 

Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon; Salmon; Winnish; Spring salmon; Spring fish; Smolt; Slink; Silver salmon; Sea salmon; Sebago salmon; Salmon peel; Parr; Outside salmon; Ouinanish; Ouananiche; N. Atlantic salmon; Landlocked salmon; Kippered salmon; Kelt; Grilt; Grilse; Grayling; Fiddler; Common Atlantic salmon; Caplin-scull salmon; Breeder; Black salmon; Bay salmon)

Synonyms:
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Wikipedia Abstract

The Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) is a salmon in the family Salmonidae. It is found in the northern Atlantic Ocean, in rivers that flow into the north Atlantic and, due to human introduction, in the north Pacific.
View Wikipedia Record: Salmo salar

Invasive Species

Salmo salar ranks among the most popularly cultivated fish in the world. Commercial stocks have inflicted significant impacts of wild populations of wild salmon and other fish by way of competition, hybridization, and spread of disease. Great care should be taken to protect these wild fish populations while cultivating S. salar.
View ISSG Record: Salmo salar

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  56.747 lbs (25.74 kg)
Brood Egg Substrate [2]  Lithophils
Brood Guarder [2]  No
Maximum Longevity [1]  13 years
Migration [2]  Diadromous
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates)
Male Maturity [1]  5 years

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (168)

Emblem of

Maine

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap

Predators

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Aquarium du Quebec
Biodome de Montreal
ECHO Lake Aquarium & Science Center
Natural History Museum of Adirondacks
Universeum Science Center

Range Map

Distribution

America, North - Inland waters; America, South - Inland waters; Arctic Ocean; Argentina; Atlantic Ocean; Atlantic Ocean: temperate and arctic zones in northern hemisphere (Ref. 51442). In western Atlantic Ocean distributed in coast drainages from northern Quebec in Canada to Connecticut in USA (Ref. 5723). Landlocked stocks are present in North America (Ref. 1998). Eastern Atlantic Ocean: Atlantic, North, White, Barents and Baltic Sea basins from Minho (Portugual, Spain) to Kara drainages (Kara Sea, Western Siberia). Present in Iceland and in northernmost rivers of Great Britain and Scandinavia. Landlocked populations known from souther Finland, Lakes Vanern (Sweden), Lagoda, Onega, some small lakes in Vyg and Kem drainages, White Sea basin (Russia) and from souther Norway. Main foraging areas along west coast of southern Greenland and north of Faroe Islands, Baltic populations do not leave this sea. Historical records from Duero, Tagus and Guadiana (Portugal, Spain) where now extirpated (Ref. 59043). Introduced to New Zealand, Chile, southern Argentina (Ref. 59043) and Australia (Ref. 6390). Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna; except at sea).; Atlantic Ocean: temperate and arctic zones in northern hemisphere (Ref. 51442). In western Atlantic Ocean distributed in coast drainages from northern Quebec in Canada and Connecticut in USA (Ref. 5723) to Argentina (Ref. 9086). In eastern Atlantic Ocea; Atlantic Ocean: temperate and arctic zones in northern hemisphere (Ref. 51442). In western Atlantic Ocean distributed in coast drainages from northern Quebec in Canada and Connecticut in USA (Ref. 5723) to Argentina (Ref. 9086). In eastern Atlantic Ocean distributed in drainages from the Baltic states to Portugal (Ref. 51442). Landlocked stocks are present in Russia, Finland, Sweden and Norway (Ref. 6439) and in North America (Ref. 1998). Appendix III of the Bern Convention (protected fauna; except at sea).; Atlantic, Northeast; Atlantic, Northwest; Atlantic, Southwest; Australia; Australian; Baltic Sea; Beaufort Sea; Belgium; Brazil; Canada; Celtic-Biscay Shelf; Channel Islands; Chile; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Dordogne; East Central Australian Shelf; East Greenland Shelf/Sea; Elbe; England and Wales (UK); Estonia; Europe - Inland waters; Faeroe Islands; Falkland Is. (Malvinas); Faroe Plateau; Finland; France; Garonne; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Great Lakes; Greece; Greenland; Gulf of Maine; Humboldt Current; Iberian Coastal; Iceland; Iceland Shelf/Sea; Indonesia; Ireland; Isle of Man; Israel; Italy; Jordan; Kerguelen Islands; Latvia; Lithuania; Loire; Mediterranean Sea; Mediterranean and Black Sea; Nearctic; Neotropical; Netherlands; New Zealand; New Zealand Shelf; Newfoundland-Labrador Shelf; North Sea; Northeast U.S. Continental Shelf; Northern Ireland; Norway; Norwegian Sea; Oceania - Inland waters; Pacific Ocean; Pacific, Southeast; Pacific, Southwest; Palearctic; Patagonian Shelf; Poland; Portugal; Rhine; Russian Federation; Scotian Shelf; Scotland (UK); Slovakia; South Africa; Southwest Chilean Waters; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Turkey; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom; West Greenland Shelf;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Grenouillet, G. & Schmidt-Kloiber., A.; 2006; Fish Indicator Database. Euro-limpacs project, Workpackage 7 - Indicators of ecosystem health, Task 4, www.freshwaterecology.info, version 5.0 (accessed on July 3, 2012).
3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
4Hansson, S., Karlsson, L., Ikonen, E., Christensen, O., Mitans, A., Uzars, D., Petersson, E. and Ragnarsson, B. (2001), "Stomach analyses of Baltic salmon from 1959–1962 and 1994–1997: possible relations between diet and yolk-sac-fry mortality (M74)". Journal of Fish Biology, 58: 1730–1745
5CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
7Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License