Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Characiformes > Hepsetidae > Hepsetus > Hepsetus odoe

Hepsetus odoe (Pike characid; Kafue pike characin; Kafue pike; African pike)

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Wikipedia Abstract

Hepsetus odoe, the African pike characin is a predatory freshwater characin belonging to the family Hepsetidae. It was formerly considered that there was a single species of Hepsetus pike characin but recent studies have led to the species being split and Hepsetus odoe sensu stricto is the west African representative of the group.
View Wikipedia Record: Hepsetus odoe


Litter Size [3]  6,060
Maximum Longevity [4]  5 years
Migration [1]  Potamodromous
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Rivers and Streams
Adult Weight [2]  4.85 lbs (2.20 kg)
Diet [1]  Carnivore


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Okavango Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Floodplain Rivers and Wetland Complexes    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Omo Strict Natural Reserve Forest Reserve 328086 Nigeria  
Parc National du Niokolo-Koba National Park II 2046878 Senegal  
Takamanda Forest Reserve National Park II 167041 Cameroon  

Prey / Diet

Prey / Diet Overlap


Hepsetus cuvieri (African pike)[7]
Hydrocynus forskahlii (Tigerfish)[8]


Parasitized by 
Annulotrema biaensis <Unverified Name>[9]
Annulotrema hepseti <Unverified Name>[9]
Annulotrema macropenis <Unverified Name>[9]
Philometroides africanus <Unverified Name>[9]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Rotterdam Zoo

Range Map


Africa-Inland Waters; Africa: widespread from Senegal to Angola including Niger, Volta, Chad, Ogowe, Democratic Republic of the Congo and upper Zambezi Rivers; as well as in the Cunene, Okavango, and Kafue systems. Widespread in central and west Africa. Absent in the Nile R; Africa: widespread from Senegal to Angola including Niger, Volta, Chad, Ogowe, Democratic Republic of the Congo and upper Zambezi Rivers; as well as in the Cunene, Okavango, and Kafue systems. Widespread in central and west Africa. Absent in the Nile River; Zambian Congo and the Great Lakes (Ref. 7248).; Agnébi; Angola; Atlantic, Eastern Central; Bandama River; Benin; Benue River; Bia River; Botswana; Cameroon; Cavally River; Central African Republic; Chad; Comoé River; Congo, Dem. Rep. of the; Congo, Republic of; Corubal; Cross River; Côte d'Ivoire; Eastern Flood Plain/Chobe River; Ethiopian; Fatala; Gabon; Gambia; Ghana; Great Scarcies; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Géba; Kogon; Konkouré; Kunene River; Kwando River; Lake Chad/Chari River; Lake Liambezi; Liberia; Linyanti Swamp; Little Scarcies; Loffa; Mano River; Moa; Mono River; Namibia; Niger; Nigeria; Nipoué; Ogun; Ouémé River; Pra River; Rokel River; Saint John; Saint Paul; Sanaga; Sassandra River; Senegal; Sewa River; Sierra Leone; Tano; Togo; Volta; Zambezi; Zambia; Zaïre; Zimbabwe; Ébrié Lagoon;

External References



Attributes / relations provided by
1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
3Elakhame, L.A. and Sikoki, F.D. (2003) Observations on the ecology of Hepsetus odoe, Bloch, 1794 (Pisces: Hepsetidae) in Epie Creek floodplain, Niger Delta, Nigeria. In: 16th Annual Conference of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria (FISON) , 4-9 November 2001 , Maiduguri, Nigeria.
4Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
5Comparative analysis of trophic structure and interactions of two tropical lagoons, M.C. Villanueva, P. Lalèyè, J.-J. Albaret, R. Laë, L. Tito de Morais and J. Moreau, Ecological Modelling, Vol. 197, Issues 3-4 , 25 August 2006, P. 461-477
7Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
8Comparative ecology of the African pike, Hepsetus odoe, and tigerfish, Hydrocynus forskahlii, in the Zambezi River floodplain, KIRK O. WINEMILLER AND LESLIE C. KELSO-WINEMILLER, Journal of Fish Biology (1994) 45, 211-225
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License