Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Hirundinidae > Delichon > Delichon urbicum
 

Delichon urbicum (Northern House Martin; Common House Martin)

Synonyms: Delichon urbica; Delichon urbica urbica

Wikipedia Abstract

The common house martin (Delichon urbicum), sometimes called the northern house martin or, particularly in Europe, just house martin, is a migratory passerine bird of the swallow family which breeds in Europe, north Africa and temperate Asia; and winters in sub-Saharan Africa and tropical Asia. It feeds on insects which are caught in flight, and it migrates to climates where flying insects are plentiful. It has a blue head and upperparts, white rump and pure white underparts, and is found in both open country and near human habitation. It is similar in appearance to the two other martin species of the genus Delichon, which are both endemic to eastern and southern Asia. It has two accepted subspecies.
View Wikipedia Record: Delichon urbicum

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
12
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
30
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.52444
EDGE Score: 2.3537

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  15 grams
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  100 %
Forages - Aerial [2]  33 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  33 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  33 %
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [4]  5
Clutches / Year [3]  2
Incubation [3]  15 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  15 years
Migration [5]  Intercontinental
Speed [6]  21.698 MPH (9.7 m/s)
Wing Span [6]  11 inches (.29 m)

Ecoregions

Protected Areas

+ Click for partial list (100)Full list (590)

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Prey / Diet

Aphis fabae (Bean aphid)[7]
Mesembrina meridiana (Mid-day Fly)[7]

Prey / Diet Overlap

+ Click for partial list (6)Full list (118)

Predators

Circus cyaneus (Northern Harrier)[7]
Falco columbarius (Merlin)[7]
Falco subbuteo (Northern Hobby)[7]
Milvus migrans (Black Kite)[7]

Consumers

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen

Distribution

Africa; Cape Peninsula National Park; Europe & Northern Asia (excluding China); Southern Asia;

External References

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3British Trust for Ornithology
4Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
5Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM
6Alerstam T, Rosén M, Bäckman J, Ericson PGP, Hellgren O (2007) Flight Speeds among Bird Species: Allometric and Phylogenetic Effects. PLoS Biol 5(8): e197. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0050197
7Ecology of Commanster
8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License