Kostomukshsky Zapovednik

Location:Karelia, Russia
IUCN Category:Ia
Area:117,269 acres (47,457 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Website:View website
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfc (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: cool summer)

Ecoregions

Scandinavian and Russian taiga

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 ABCDE
      
Share90 %10 %80 %10 %10 %80 %10 % 40 %30 %20 %10 %
Soil TypeFerric PodzolsFerric PodzolsFerric PodzolsGelic HistosolsHaplic PodzolsFerric PodzolsGelic HistosolsFerric PodzolsFibric HistosolsHaplic PodzolsTerric HistosolsGleyic Podzols
Topsoil TextureCoarseCoarseCoarseMediumMediumCoarseMediumCoarseFineCoarseMediumCoarse
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageSomewhat excessiveSomewhat excessiveSomewhat excessiveVery poorModerately wellSomewhat excessiveVery poorSomewhat excessiveVery poorSomewhat excessiveVery poorPoor
Available Water Capacity15 m15 m100 m150 m150 m100 m150 m100 m150 m50 m150 m50 m
Phase 1GravellyGravelly Phreatic  Phreatic  Stony Stony
Root Obstacle0 - 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm60 - 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm60 - 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable Layer80 - 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm40 - 80 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm40 - 80 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Misc. Property   Gelic (permafrost within 200 cm)  Gelic (permafrost within 200 cm)     
Topsoil Properties
Gravel3 %3 %3 % 15 %3 % 3 %1 %3 %28 %2 %
Sand86 %86 %86 %18 %50 %86 %18 %86 %20 %87 %35 %86 %
Silt8 %8 %8 %61 %40 %8 %61 %8 %40 %9 %33 %10 %
Clay6 %6 %6 %21 %10 %6 %21 %6 %40 %4 %32 %4 %
USDA TextureLoamy sandLoamy sandLoamy sandSilt loamLoamLoamy sandSilt loamLoamy sandClayLoamy sandClay loamLoamy sand
Reference Bulk Density1.67 g/cm³1.67 g/cm³1.67 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.53 g/cm³1.67 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.67 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³0.26 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³0.26 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³0.28 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³
Organic Carbon2.02 %2.02 %2.02 %35.27 %5.27 %2.02 %35.27 %2.02 %33.63 %2.18 %39.4 %1.97 %
PH4.54.54.54.84.54.54.84.54.34.45.64.4
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity78 cmol kg⁻¹78 cmol kg⁻¹78 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹89 cmol kg⁻¹78 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹78 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹101 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity5 cmol kg⁻¹5 cmol kg⁻¹5 cmol kg⁻¹134 cmol kg⁻¹28 cmol kg⁻¹5 cmol kg⁻¹134 cmol kg⁻¹5 cmol kg⁻¹77 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹87 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation17 %17 %17 %64 %11 %17 %64 %17 %62 %11 %75 %18 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2.5 cmol kg⁻¹2.5 cmol kg⁻¹2.5 cmol kg⁻¹45.4 cmol kg⁻¹5.6 cmol kg⁻¹2.5 cmol kg⁻¹45.4 cmol kg⁻¹2.5 cmol kg⁻¹31.4 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹59.5 cmol kg⁻¹3.6 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium0 %0 %0 %0 %1 %0 %0 %0 %2 %1 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel3 %3 %3 % 15 %3 % 3 %2 %4 %5 %3 %
Sand86 %86 %86 %18 %55 %86 %18 %86 %47 %88 %52 %85 %
Silt6 %6 %6 %61 %35 %6 %61 %6 %26 %8 %23 %10 %
Clay8 %8 %8 %21 %10 %8 %21 %8 %27 %4 %25 %5 %
USDA TextureLoamy sandLoamy sandLoamy sandSilt loamSandy loamLoamy sandSilt loamLoamy sandSandy clay loamSandSandy clay loamLoamy sand
Reference Bulk Density1.63 g/cm³1.63 g/cm³1.63 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³1.63 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.63 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.74 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.57 g/cm³1.57 g/cm³1.57 g/cm³0.16 g/cm³1.44 g/cm³1.57 g/cm³0.16 g/cm³1.57 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³0.18 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.51 %0.51 %0.51 %39.16 %0.81 %0.51 %39.16 %0.51 %32.89 %0.39 %38.46 %0.91 %
PH5.15.15.15.255.15.25.14.655.84.9
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity50 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹71 cmol kg⁻¹66 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity2 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹79 cmol kg⁻¹8 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹79 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹78 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹88 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation21 %21 %21 %59 %13 %21 %59 %21 %40 %21 %96 %21 %
Total Exchangeable Bases1.5 cmol kg⁻¹1.5 cmol kg⁻¹1.5 cmol kg⁻¹55.3 cmol kg⁻¹0.8 cmol kg⁻¹1.5 cmol kg⁻¹55.3 cmol kg⁻¹1.5 cmol kg⁻¹27.4 cmol kg⁻¹1.5 cmol kg⁻¹81.8 cmol kg⁻¹1.7 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %1 %3 %1 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263