Teniente Enciso National Park

Location:Paraguay
IUCN Category:II
Area:102,327 acres (41,410 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:BSh (Climate: arid; Precipitation: steppe; Temperature: hot arid)

Ecoregions

Dry Chaco

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 A
  
Share45 %25 %15 %15 %
Soil TypeHaplic ArenosolsEutric PlanosolsEutric RegosolsEutric Regosols
Topsoil TextureCoarseMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageSomewhat excessivePoorModerately wellModerately well
Available Water Capacity100 m150 m150 m150 m
Topsoil Properties
Gravel0 %0 %0 %0 %
Sand82 %40 %10 %47 %
Silt8 %31 %78 %38 %
Clay10 %29 %12 %15 %
USDA TextureLoamy sandClay loamSilt loamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.58 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³1.46 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.5 g/cm³1.46 g/cm³1.17 g/cm³1.29 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.89 %0.94 %1.28 %0.28 %
PH5.76.96.26
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity8 cmol kg⁻¹33 cmol kg⁻¹37 cmol kg⁻¹133 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity4 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹21 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation93 %83 %88 %78 %
Total Exchangeable Bases3.7 cmol kg⁻¹11.6 cmol kg⁻¹7.9 cmol kg⁻¹16.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0.7 %0.1 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0.1 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %3 %3 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10.1 dS m-10 dS m-10 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel0 %0 %0 %0 %
Sand81 %12 %12 %12 %
Silt10 %41 %78 %78 %
Clay9 %47 %10 %10 %
USDA TextureLoamy sandSilty claySilt loamSilt loam
Reference Bulk Density1.6 g/cm³1.22 g/cm³1.45 g/cm³1.45 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.53 g/cm³1.49 g/cm³1.29 g/cm³1.45 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.33 %0.36 %0.29 %0.29 %
PH5.98.47.87.8
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity60 cmol kg⁻¹40 cmol kg⁻¹106 cmol kg⁻¹106 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity7 cmol kg⁻¹20 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation98 %98 %96 %96 %
Total Exchangeable Bases6.9 cmol kg⁻¹19.6 cmol kg⁻¹11.5 cmol kg⁻¹11.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %2.8 %1.6 %1.6 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0.1 %0.1 %0.1 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %3 %3 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0 dS m-10.2 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263