Kvarnsjön

Location:Sweden
Area:244 acres (99 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Sarmatic mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 A
  
Share36 %27 %25 %6 %4 %2 %
Soil TypeLithic LeptosolsDystric CambisolsHaplic ArenosolsHaplic PodzolsFibric HistosolsDystric Regosols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumCoarseMediumFineMedium
Reference Depth10 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageImperfectlyModerately wellSomewhat excessiveModerately wellVery poorModerately well
Available Water Capacity15 mm150 m15 m50 m150 m100 m
Phase 1Stony GravellyStony Stony
Phase 2   Gravelly  
Root Obstacle None to 80 cmNone to 80 cm40 - 60 cm20 - 40 cm40 - 60 cm
Impermeable Layer None to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water Regime Not wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel21 %10 %4 %15 %1 %19 %
Sand42 %42 %90 %50 %20 %42 %
Silt34 %38 %5 %40 %40 %37 %
Clay24 %20 %5 %10 %40 %21 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamSandLoamClayLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.38 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.71 g/cm³1.53 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.3 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.49 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³
Organic Carbon1.61 %1.45 %0.4 %5.27 %33.63 %1.39 %
PH7.55.16.24.54.35.1
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity42 cmol kg⁻¹32 cmol kg⁻¹35 cmol kg⁻¹89 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹23 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity16 cmol kg⁻¹12 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹28 cmol kg⁻¹77 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %38 %93 %11 %62 %24 %
Total Exchangeable Bases15.5 cmol kg⁻¹4.3 cmol kg⁻¹3.3 cmol kg⁻¹5.6 cmol kg⁻¹31.4 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate3.9 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %2 %3 %1 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel 19 %4 %15 %2 %26 %
Sand 45 %90 %55 %47 %46 %
Silt 35 %5 %35 %26 %34 %
Clay 20 %5 %10 %27 %20 %
USDA Texture LoamSandSandy loamSandy clay loamLoam
Reference Bulk Density 1.42 g/cm³1.71 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³
Bulk Density 1.36 g/cm³1.52 g/cm³1.44 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³1.48 g/cm³
Organic Carbon 0.5 %0.21 %0.81 %32.89 %0.6 %
PH 5.26.154.64.9
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity 35 cmol kg⁻¹39 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹71 cmol kg⁻¹28 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity 9 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹8 cmol kg⁻¹78 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation 33 %100 %13 %40 %21 %
Total Exchangeable Bases 2.6 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹0.8 cmol kg⁻¹27.4 cmol kg⁻¹1.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate 0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate 0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium 2 %3 %0 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity 0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263