Garkalnes mezi

Location:Latvia
Area:4,411 acres (1,785 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Sarmatic mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 A
  
Share50 %15 %15 %10 %10 %
Soil TypeHaplic PodzolsAlbic ArenosolsGleyic PodzolsFibric HistosolsHaplic Podzols
Topsoil TextureCoarseCoarseCoarseFineCoarse
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageSomewhat excessiveSomewhat excessivePoorVery poorSomewhat excessive
Available Water Capacity100 m100 m100 m150 m100 m
Root Obstacle40 - 60 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm40 - 60 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel3 %3 %2 %1 %3 %
Sand87 %88 %86 %20 %87 %
Silt9 %7 %10 %40 %9 %
Clay4 %5 %4 %40 %4 %
USDA TextureLoamy sandSandLoamy sandClayLoamy sand
Reference Bulk Density1.73 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.4 g/cm³1.62 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Organic Carbon2.18 %0.4 %1.97 %33.63 %2.18 %
PH4.45.94.44.34.4
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity101 cmol kg⁻¹26 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹101 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity9 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹77 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation11 %64 %18 %62 %11 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2.6 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹3.6 cmol kg⁻¹31.4 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %3 %1 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel4 %4 %3 %2 %4 %
Sand88 %89 %85 %47 %88 %
Silt8 %6 %10 %26 %8 %
Clay4 %5 %5 %27 %4 %
USDA TextureSandSandLoamy sandSandy clay loamSand
Reference Bulk Density1.74 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.74 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.51 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.39 %0.23 %0.91 %32.89 %0.39 %
PH55.64.94.65
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity66 cmol kg⁻¹25 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹71 cmol kg⁻¹66 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity2 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹78 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation21 %89 %21 %40 %21 %
Total Exchangeable Bases1.5 cmol kg⁻¹1.8 cmol kg⁻¹1.7 cmol kg⁻¹27.4 cmol kg⁻¹1.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %0 %3 %1 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263