Ziemupe

Location:Latvia
Area:6,074 acres (2,458 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Cfb (Climate: warm temperate; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Sarmatic mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share 50 %15 %15 %10 %10 %
Soil TypeAlbic ArenosolsHaplic PodzolsAlbic ArenosolsGleyic PodzolsFibric HistosolsHaplic Podzols
Topsoil TextureCoarseCoarseCoarseCoarseFineCoarse
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageSomewhat excessiveSomewhat excessiveSomewhat excessivePoorVery poorSomewhat excessive
Available Water Capacity100 m100 m100 m100 m150 m100 m
Phase 1Erosion     
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cm40 - 60 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm40 - 60 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel3 %3 %3 %2 %1 %3 %
Sand88 %87 %88 %86 %20 %87 %
Silt7 %9 %7 %10 %40 %9 %
Clay5 %4 %5 %4 %40 %4 %
USDA TextureSandLoamy sandSandLoamy sandClayLoamy sand
Reference Bulk Density1.7 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.62 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.62 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.4 %2.18 %0.4 %1.97 %33.63 %2.18 %
PH5.94.45.94.44.34.4
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity26 cmol kg⁻¹101 cmol kg⁻¹26 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹101 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity3 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹77 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation64 %11 %64 %18 %62 %11 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2.6 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹3.6 cmol kg⁻¹31.4 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %1 %3 %1 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel4 %4 %4 %3 %2 %4 %
Sand89 %88 %89 %85 %47 %88 %
Silt6 %8 %6 %10 %26 %8 %
Clay5 %4 %5 %5 %27 %4 %
USDA TextureSandSandSandLoamy sandSandy clay loamSand
Reference Bulk Density1.7 g/cm³1.74 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.74 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.51 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.23 %0.39 %0.23 %0.91 %32.89 %0.39 %
PH5.655.64.94.65
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity25 cmol kg⁻¹66 cmol kg⁻¹25 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹71 cmol kg⁻¹66 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity2 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹78 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation89 %21 %89 %21 %40 %21 %
Total Exchangeable Bases1.8 cmol kg⁻¹1.5 cmol kg⁻¹1.8 cmol kg⁻¹1.7 cmol kg⁻¹27.4 cmol kg⁻¹1.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium0 %3 %0 %3 %1 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263