Svetes paliene

Location:Latvia
Area:2,301 acres (931 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Sarmatic mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share75 %15 %10 % 
Soil TypeAlbic ArenosolsGleyic PodzolsEutric GleysolsEutric Fluvisols
Topsoil TextureCoarseCoarseCoarseMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageSomewhat excessivePoorPoorPoor
Available Water Capacity100 m100 m150 m150 m
Phase 1ErosionErosionErosion 
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cm40 - 60 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel3 %2 %10 %4 %
Sand88 %86 %78 %39 %
Silt7 %10 %13 %40 %
Clay5 %4 %9 %21 %
USDA TextureSandLoamy sandSandy loamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.7 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.62 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.4 %1.97 %0.57 %0.86 %
PH5.94.46.37.2
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity26 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹48 cmol kg⁻¹63 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity3 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation64 %18 %74 %91 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2.6 cmol kg⁻¹3.6 cmol kg⁻¹4.7 cmol kg⁻¹16.9 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0.5 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %1 %2 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel4 %3 %20 %7 %
Sand89 %85 %64 %41 %
Silt6 %10 %13 %38 %
Clay5 %5 %23 %21 %
USDA TextureSandLoamy sandSandy clay loamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.7 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³1.43 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.51 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³1.55 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.23 %0.91 %0.3 %0.38 %
PH5.64.96.47.5
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity25 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹61 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity2 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation89 %21 %81 %96 %
Total Exchangeable Bases1.8 cmol kg⁻¹1.7 cmol kg⁻¹6.9 cmol kg⁻¹15.2 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %2.5 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium0 %3 %3 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263