Birvetos slapzemes

Location:Lithuania
Area:3,064 acres (1,240 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Sarmatic mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 A
  
Share60 %15 %15 %5 %5 %
Soil TypeStagnic LuvisolsCalcic LuvisolsEutric GleysolsGleyic LuvisolsHaplic Luvisols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainagePoorModerately wellPoorPoorModerately well
Available Water Capacity100 m100 m150 m100 m100 m
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable Layer40 - 80 cm40 - 80 cm40 - 80 cm40 - 80 cm40 - 80 cm
Soil Water RegimeWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel4 %5 %4 %5 %4 %
Sand37 %53 %37 %47 %41 %
Silt44 %24 %40 %29 %37 %
Clay19 %23 %23 %24 %22 %
USDA TextureLoamSandy clay loamLoamLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.4 g/cm³1.53 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³1.43 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.99 %0.51 %1.07 %0.83 %0.74 %
PH5.87.76.26.36.5
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity48 cmol kg⁻¹55 cmol kg⁻¹41 cmol kg⁻¹46 cmol kg⁻¹47 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity12 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation62 %100 %88 %93 %91 %
Total Exchangeable Bases8.4 cmol kg⁻¹17.1 cmol kg⁻¹10.2 cmol kg⁻¹14.9 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %7.4 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %2 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel4 %10 %5 %6 %3 %
Sand31 %47 %36 %39 %37 %
Silt38 %23 %36 %27 %34 %
Clay31 %30 %28 %34 %29 %
USDA TextureClay loamSandy clay loamClay loamClay loamClay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.33 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.6 g/cm³1.67 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³1.65 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.29 %0.3 %0.37 %0.28 %0.36 %
PH5.97.96.676.7
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity50 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹50 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity14 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹14 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation83 %100 %90 %99 %93 %
Total Exchangeable Bases10.2 cmol kg⁻¹23.1 cmol kg⁻¹11.9 cmol kg⁻¹15.9 cmol kg⁻¹13.1 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %9.1 %0 %0.4 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %2 %2 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.2 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263