Area:526 acres (213 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes


Sarmatic mixed forests


Protected Area Boundary
Share75 %25 %
Soil TypeHaplic PodzolsGleyic Podzols
Topsoil TextureCoarseCoarse
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm
DrainageSomewhat excessivePoor
Available Water Capacity15 m15 m
Phase 1GravellyGravelly
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel3 %2 %
Sand87 %86 %
Silt9 %10 %
Clay4 %4 %
USDA TextureLoamy sandLoamy sand
Reference Bulk Density1.73 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.4 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³
Organic Carbon2.18 %1.97 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity101 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity9 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation11 %18 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2.6 cmol kg⁻¹3.6 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel4 %3 %
Sand88 %85 %
Silt8 %10 %
Clay4 %5 %
USDA TextureSandLoamy sand
Reference Bulk Density1.74 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.51 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.39 %0.91 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity66 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity2 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation21 %21 %
Total Exchangeable Bases1.5 cmol kg⁻¹1.7 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263