Parika

Location:Estonia
Area:5,402 acres (2,186 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Sarmatic mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 ABC
    
Share35 %25 %20 %15 %5 %  
Soil TypeCalcic LuvisolsCalcaric CambisolsGleyic LuvisolsGleyic CambisolsGleyic LuvisolsEutric GleysolsFibric Histosols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumFine
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately wellPoorPoorPoorPoorVery poor
Available Water Capacity50 m50 m50 m50 m50 m125 m150 m
Phase 1StonyStonyStonyStonyStonyStony 
Phase 2GravellyGravellyGravellyGravellyGravelly  
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel5 %6 %5 %4 %5 %4 %1 %
Sand53 %36 %47 %45 %47 %37 %20 %
Silt24 %43 %29 %36 %29 %40 %40 %
Clay23 %21 %24 %19 %24 %23 %40 %
USDA TextureSandy clay loamLoamLoamLoamLoamLoamClay
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.53 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.51 %0.65 %0.83 %1 %0.83 %1.07 %33.63 %
PH7.786.36.46.36.24.3
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity55 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹46 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹46 cmol kg⁻¹41 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity14 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹77 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %93 %85 %93 %88 %62 %
Total Exchangeable Bases17.1 cmol kg⁻¹24.3 cmol kg⁻¹14.9 cmol kg⁻¹8.2 cmol kg⁻¹14.9 cmol kg⁻¹10.2 cmol kg⁻¹31.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate7.4 %7 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %2 %2 %2 %2 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.4 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel10 %10 %6 %18 %6 %5 %2 %
Sand47 %34 %39 %39 %39 %36 %47 %
Silt23 %43 %27 %34 %27 %36 %26 %
Clay30 %23 %34 %27 %34 %28 %27 %
USDA TextureSandy clay loamLoamClay loamClay loamClay loamClay loamSandy clay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.36 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.67 g/cm³1.45 g/cm³1.65 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.65 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.3 %0.43 %0.28 %0.47 %0.28 %0.37 %32.89 %
PH7.98.176.776.64.6
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity50 cmol kg⁻¹54 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹37 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹71 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity17 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹78 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %99 %88 %99 %90 %40 %
Total Exchangeable Bases23.1 cmol kg⁻¹28.7 cmol kg⁻¹15.9 cmol kg⁻¹11.3 cmol kg⁻¹15.9 cmol kg⁻¹11.9 cmol kg⁻¹27.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate9.1 %8.7 %0.4 %0.1 %0.4 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0.4 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %1 %2 %2 %2 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.2 dS m-10.3 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263