Emajõe suudmeala ja Piirissaare

Location:Estonia
Area:84,458 acres (34,179 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Sarmatic mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 ABCDEF
       
Share 45 %20 %20 %15 %    
Soil TypeGelic HistosolsGleyic LuvisolsEutric PlanosolsEutric GleysolsTerric HistosolsEutric GleysolsEutric GleysolsTerric HistosolsFibric Histosols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumCoarseMediumMediumFine
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageVery poorPoorPoorPoorVery poorPoorPoorVery poorVery poor
Available Water Capacity150 m15 m15 m125 m150 m75 m125 m150 m150 m
Phase 1PhreaticStonyStonyStony GravellyStony  
Phase 2 GravellyGravelly      
Root Obstacle0 - 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cm40 - 80 cm40 - 80 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 month
Misc. PropertyGelic (permafrost within 200 cm)        
Topsoil Properties
Gravel 5 %4 %4 %28 %10 %4 %28 %1 %
Sand18 %47 %42 %37 %35 %78 %37 %35 %20 %
Silt61 %29 %38 %40 %33 %13 %40 %33 %40 %
Clay21 %24 %20 %23 %32 %9 %23 %32 %40 %
USDA TextureSilt loamLoamLoamLoamClay loamSandy loamLoamClay loamClay
Reference Bulk Density1.36 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³
Bulk Density0.26 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³1.47 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³0.28 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³0.28 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³
Organic Carbon35.27 %0.83 %1.06 %1.07 %39.4 %0.57 %1.07 %39.4 %33.63 %
PH4.86.35.66.25.66.36.25.64.3
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity45 cmol kg⁻¹46 cmol kg⁻¹37 cmol kg⁻¹41 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹48 cmol kg⁻¹41 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity134 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹87 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹87 cmol kg⁻¹77 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation64 %93 %67 %88 %75 %74 %88 %75 %62 %
Total Exchangeable Bases45.4 cmol kg⁻¹14.9 cmol kg⁻¹8.4 cmol kg⁻¹10.2 cmol kg⁻¹59.5 cmol kg⁻¹4.7 cmol kg⁻¹10.2 cmol kg⁻¹59.5 cmol kg⁻¹31.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium0 %2 %3 %2 %1 %2 %2 %1 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel 6 %4 %5 %5 %20 %5 %5 %2 %
Sand18 %39 %33 %36 %52 %64 %36 %52 %47 %
Silt61 %27 %31 %36 %23 %13 %36 %23 %26 %
Clay21 %34 %36 %28 %25 %23 %28 %25 %27 %
USDA TextureSilt loamClay loamClay loamClay loamSandy clay loamSandy clay loamClay loamSandy clay loamSandy clay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.36 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.43 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³
Bulk Density0.16 g/cm³1.65 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³0.18 g/cm³1.55 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³0.18 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³
Organic Carbon39.16 %0.28 %0.43 %0.37 %38.46 %0.3 %0.37 %38.46 %32.89 %
PH5.276.36.65.86.46.65.84.6
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity49 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹47 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹71 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity79 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹88 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹88 cmol kg⁻¹78 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation59 %99 %89 %90 %96 %81 %90 %96 %40 %
Total Exchangeable Bases55.3 cmol kg⁻¹15.9 cmol kg⁻¹15.2 cmol kg⁻¹11.9 cmol kg⁻¹81.8 cmol kg⁻¹6.9 cmol kg⁻¹11.9 cmol kg⁻¹81.8 cmol kg⁻¹27.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0.4 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium0 %2 %4 %2 %1 %3 %2 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263