Vooremaa

Location:Estonia
Area:9,225 acres (3,733 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Sarmatic mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share35 %25 %25 %15 %45 %20 %20 %15 %
Soil TypeCalcic LuvisolsCalcaric CambisolsTerric HistosolsEutric GleysolsGleyic LuvisolsEutric PlanosolsEutric GleysolsTerric Histosols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellModerately wellVery poorPoorPoorPoorPoorVery poor
Available Water Capacity50 m50 m150 m75 m15 m15 m125 m150 m
Phase 1StonyStony StonyStonyStonyStony 
Phase 2GravellyGravelly PetrocalcicGravellyGravelly  
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm40 - 80 cm40 - 80 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel5 %6 %28 %4 %5 %4 %4 %28 %
Sand53 %36 %35 %37 %47 %42 %37 %35 %
Silt24 %43 %33 %40 %29 %38 %40 %33 %
Clay23 %21 %32 %23 %24 %20 %23 %32 %
USDA TextureSandy clay loamLoamClay loamLoamLoamLoamLoamClay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.53 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³0.28 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³1.47 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³0.28 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.51 %0.65 %39.4 %1.07 %0.83 %1.06 %1.07 %39.4 %
PH7.785.66.26.35.66.25.6
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity55 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹41 cmol kg⁻¹46 cmol kg⁻¹37 cmol kg⁻¹41 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity14 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹87 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹87 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %75 %88 %93 %67 %88 %75 %
Total Exchangeable Bases17.1 cmol kg⁻¹24.3 cmol kg⁻¹59.5 cmol kg⁻¹10.2 cmol kg⁻¹14.9 cmol kg⁻¹8.4 cmol kg⁻¹10.2 cmol kg⁻¹59.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate7.4 %7 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %1 %2 %2 %3 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.4 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel10 %10 %5 %5 %6 %4 %5 %5 %
Sand47 %34 %52 %36 %39 %33 %36 %52 %
Silt23 %43 %23 %36 %27 %31 %36 %23 %
Clay30 %23 %25 %28 %34 %36 %28 %25 %
USDA TextureSandy clay loamLoamSandy clay loamClay loamClay loamClay loamClay loamSandy clay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.36 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³1.3 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.67 g/cm³1.45 g/cm³0.18 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³1.65 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³0.18 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.3 %0.43 %38.46 %0.37 %0.28 %0.43 %0.37 %38.46 %
PH7.98.15.86.676.36.65.8
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity50 cmol kg⁻¹54 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹47 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity17 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹88 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹88 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %96 %90 %99 %89 %90 %96 %
Total Exchangeable Bases23.1 cmol kg⁻¹28.7 cmol kg⁻¹81.8 cmol kg⁻¹11.9 cmol kg⁻¹15.9 cmol kg⁻¹15.2 cmol kg⁻¹11.9 cmol kg⁻¹81.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate9.1 %8.7 %0 %0 %0.4 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0.4 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %1 %1 %2 %2 %4 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.2 dS m-10.3 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263