Udria

Location:Estonia
Area:926 acres (375 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Sarmatic mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 ABCD
     
Share 45 %40 %15 % 85 %5 %5 %5 %
Soil TypeRendzic LeptosolsCalcaric RegosolsEutric GleysolsRendzic LeptosolsEutric GleysolsEutric GleysolsGleyic CambisolsGleyic LuvisolsCalcaric Regosols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMediumCoarseMediumMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth30 cm100 cm100 cm30 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageImperfectlyModerately wellPoorImperfectlyPoorPoorPoorPoorModerately well
Available Water Capacity15 mm50 m125 m15 mm75 m75 m50 m50 m50 m
Phase 1PetrocalcicPetrocalcicStonyPetrocalcicGravellyPetrocalcicPetrocalcicStonyPetrocalcic
Phase 2StonyStony Stony  StonyGravellyStony
Root Obstacle None to 80 cmNone to 80 cm None to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable Layer 80 - 150 cmNone to 150 cm None to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water Regime Wet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 month Wet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel16 %14 %4 %16 %10 %4 %4 %5 %14 %
Sand37 %44 %37 %37 %78 %37 %45 %47 %44 %
Silt44 %35 %40 %44 %13 %40 %36 %29 %35 %
Clay19 %21 %23 %19 %9 %23 %19 %24 %21 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamLoamLoamSandy loamLoamLoamLoamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.42 g/cm³1.39 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.24 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³
Organic Carbon2.13 %0.75 %1.07 %2.13 %0.57 %1.07 %1 %0.83 %0.75 %
PH7.586.27.56.36.26.46.38
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity80 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹41 cmol kg⁻¹80 cmol kg⁻¹48 cmol kg⁻¹41 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹46 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity27 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹27 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %88 %100 %74 %88 %85 %93 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases28.8 cmol kg⁻¹26.8 cmol kg⁻¹10.2 cmol kg⁻¹28.8 cmol kg⁻¹4.7 cmol kg⁻¹10.2 cmol kg⁻¹8.2 cmol kg⁻¹14.9 cmol kg⁻¹26.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate6 %15 %0 %6 %0 %0 %0 %0 %15 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 %2 %2 %2 %2 %2 %2 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.2 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.2 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel 18 %5 % 20 %5 %18 %6 %18 %
Sand 40 %36 % 64 %36 %39 %39 %40 %
Silt 35 %36 % 13 %36 %34 %27 %35 %
Clay 25 %28 % 23 %28 %27 %34 %25 %
USDA Texture LoamClay loam Sandy clay loamClay loamClay loamClay loamLoam
Reference Bulk Density 1.37 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³ 1.43 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.33 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³
Bulk Density 1.5 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³ 1.55 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.65 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³
Organic Carbon 0.47 %0.37 % 0.3 %0.37 %0.47 %0.28 %0.47 %
PH 8.16.6 6.46.66.778.1
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity 52 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹ 38 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹37 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity 15 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹ 10 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹11 cmol kg⁻¹16 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation 100 %90 % 81 %90 %88 %99 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases 36.5 cmol kg⁻¹11.9 cmol kg⁻¹ 6.9 cmol kg⁻¹11.9 cmol kg⁻¹11.3 cmol kg⁻¹15.9 cmol kg⁻¹36.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate 15 %0 % 0 %0 %0.1 %0.4 %15 %
Calcium Sulphate 0 %0 % 0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium 2 %2 % 3 %2 %2 %2 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity 0.3 dS m-10.1 dS m-1 0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.3 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263