Padaoru

Location:Estonia
Area:437 acres (177 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Sarmatic mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 AB
   
Share 70 %20 %5 %5 %
Soil TypeCalcaric RegosolsEutric GleysolsGleyic PodzolsHaplic PodzolsGleyic Podzols
Topsoil TextureMediumCoarseCoarseCoarseCoarse
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellPoorPoorSomewhat excessivePoor
Available Water Capacity50 m75 m15 m15 m15 m
Phase 1PetrocalcicGravellyGravellyGravellyGravelly
Phase 2Stony    
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable Layer80 - 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel14 %10 %2 %3 %2 %
Sand44 %78 %86 %87 %86 %
Silt35 %13 %10 %9 %10 %
Clay21 %9 %4 %4 %4 %
USDA TextureLoamSandy loamLoamy sandLoamy sandLoamy sand
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.37 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.75 %0.57 %1.97 %2.18 %1.97 %
PH86.34.44.44.4
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity45 cmol kg⁻¹48 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹101 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity17 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %74 %18 %11 %18 %
Total Exchangeable Bases26.8 cmol kg⁻¹4.7 cmol kg⁻¹3.6 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹3.6 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate15 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 %1 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.2 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel18 %20 %3 %4 %3 %
Sand40 %64 %85 %88 %85 %
Silt35 %13 %10 %8 %10 %
Clay25 %23 %5 %4 %5 %
USDA TextureLoamSandy clay loamLoamy sandSandLoamy sand
Reference Bulk Density1.37 g/cm³1.43 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³1.74 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.5 g/cm³1.55 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.47 %0.3 %0.91 %0.39 %0.91 %
PH8.16.44.954.9
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity52 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹66 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity15 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %81 %21 %21 %21 %
Total Exchangeable Bases36.5 cmol kg⁻¹6.9 cmol kg⁻¹1.7 cmol kg⁻¹1.5 cmol kg⁻¹1.7 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate15 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %3 %3 %3 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0.3 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263