Area:872 acres (353 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes


Sarmatic mixed forests


Protected Area Boundary
Share75 %25 %
Soil TypeEutric GleysolsCalcaric Regosols
Topsoil TextureCoarseMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm
DrainagePoorModerately well
Available Water Capacity75 m50 m
Phase 1GravellyPetrocalcic
Phase 2 Stony
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel10 %14 %
Sand78 %44 %
Silt13 %35 %
Clay9 %21 %
USDA TextureSandy loamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.6 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.36 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.57 %0.75 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity48 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity6 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation74 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases4.7 cmol kg⁻¹26.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %15 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.2 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel20 %18 %
Sand64 %40 %
Silt13 %35 %
Clay23 %25 %
USDA TextureSandy clay loamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.43 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.55 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.3 %0.47 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity38 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity10 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation81 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases6.9 cmol kg⁻¹36.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %15 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.3 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263