Karala-Pilguse

Location:Estonia
Area:6,534 acres (2,644 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Sarmatic mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 ABC
    
Share  75 %25 %
Soil TypeRendzic LeptosolsCalcaric RegosolsEutric GleysolsCalcaric Regosols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumCoarseMedium
Reference Depth30 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageImperfectlyModerately wellPoorModerately well
Available Water Capacity15 mm50 m75 m50 m
Phase 1PetrocalcicPetrocalcicGravellyPetrocalcic
Phase 2StonyStony Stony
Root Obstacle None to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable Layer 80 - 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water Regime Wet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel16 %14 %10 %14 %
Sand37 %44 %78 %44 %
Silt44 %35 %13 %35 %
Clay19 %21 %9 %21 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamSandy loamLoam
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.24 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³
Organic Carbon2.13 %0.75 %0.57 %0.75 %
PH7.586.38
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity80 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹48 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity27 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %74 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases28.8 cmol kg⁻¹26.8 cmol kg⁻¹4.7 cmol kg⁻¹26.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate6 %15 %0 %15 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 %2 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.2 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.2 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel 18 %20 %18 %
Sand 40 %64 %40 %
Silt 35 %13 %35 %
Clay 25 %23 %25 %
USDA Texture LoamSandy clay loamLoam
Reference Bulk Density 1.37 g/cm³1.43 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³
Bulk Density 1.5 g/cm³1.55 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³
Organic Carbon 0.47 %0.3 %0.47 %
PH 8.16.48.1
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity 52 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity 15 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation 100 %81 %100 %
Total Exchangeable Bases 36.5 cmol kg⁻¹6.9 cmol kg⁻¹36.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate 15 %0 %15 %
Calcium Sulphate 0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium 2 %3 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity 0.3 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.3 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263