Suursoo-Leidissoo

Location:Estonia
Area:55,619 acres (22,508 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Sarmatic mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 ABCD
     
Share 70 %20 %5 %5 %80 %15 %5 %60 %40 %
Soil TypeCalcaric RegosolsEutric GleysolsGleyic PodzolsHaplic PodzolsGleyic PodzolsEutric GleysolsCalcaric RegosolsTerric HistosolsTerric HistosolsFibric Histosols
Topsoil TextureMediumCoarseCoarseCoarseCoarseMediumMediumMediumMediumFine
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellPoorPoorSomewhat excessivePoorPoorModerately wellVery poorVery poorVery poor
Available Water Capacity50 m75 m15 m15 m15 m75 m50 m150 m150 m150 m
Phase 1PetrocalcicGravellyGravellyGravellyGravellyPetrocalcicPetrocalcic   
Phase 2Stony    StonyStony   
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable Layer80 - 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthNot wet within 80 cm for over 3 months, nor wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel14 %10 %2 %3 %2 %4 %14 %28 %28 %1 %
Sand44 %78 %86 %87 %86 %37 %44 %35 %35 %20 %
Silt35 %13 %10 %9 %10 %40 %35 %33 %33 %40 %
Clay21 %9 %4 %4 %4 %23 %21 %32 %32 %40 %
USDA TextureLoamSandy loamLoamy sandLoamy sandLoamy sandLoamLoamClay loamClay loamClay
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.6 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³1.26 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.37 g/cm³1.36 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³1.4 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³0.28 g/cm³0.28 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.75 %0.57 %1.97 %2.18 %1.97 %1.07 %0.75 %39.4 %39.4 %33.63 %
PH86.34.44.44.46.285.65.64.3
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity45 cmol kg⁻¹48 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹101 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹41 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity17 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹9 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹87 cmol kg⁻¹87 cmol kg⁻¹77 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %74 %18 %11 %18 %88 %100 %75 %75 %62 %
Total Exchangeable Bases26.8 cmol kg⁻¹4.7 cmol kg⁻¹3.6 cmol kg⁻¹2.6 cmol kg⁻¹3.6 cmol kg⁻¹10.2 cmol kg⁻¹26.8 cmol kg⁻¹59.5 cmol kg⁻¹59.5 cmol kg⁻¹31.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate15 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %15 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 %1 %1 %1 %2 %2 %1 %1 %2 %
Electrical Conductivity0.2 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.2 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel18 %20 %3 %4 %3 %5 %18 %5 %5 %2 %
Sand40 %64 %85 %88 %85 %36 %40 %52 %52 %47 %
Silt35 %13 %10 %8 %10 %36 %35 %23 %23 %26 %
Clay25 %23 %5 %4 %5 %28 %25 %25 %25 %27 %
USDA TextureLoamSandy clay loamLoamy sandSandLoamy sandClay loamLoamSandy clay loamSandy clay loamSandy clay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.37 g/cm³1.43 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³1.74 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.5 g/cm³1.55 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³1.51 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³0.18 g/cm³0.18 g/cm³0.1 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.47 %0.3 %0.91 %0.39 %0.91 %0.37 %0.47 %38.46 %38.46 %32.89 %
PH8.16.44.954.96.68.15.85.84.6
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity52 cmol kg⁻¹38 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹66 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹71 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity15 cmol kg⁻¹10 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹2 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹15 cmol kg⁻¹88 cmol kg⁻¹88 cmol kg⁻¹78 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %81 %21 %21 %21 %90 %100 %96 %96 %40 %
Total Exchangeable Bases36.5 cmol kg⁻¹6.9 cmol kg⁻¹1.7 cmol kg⁻¹1.5 cmol kg⁻¹1.7 cmol kg⁻¹11.9 cmol kg⁻¹36.5 cmol kg⁻¹81.8 cmol kg⁻¹81.8 cmol kg⁻¹27.4 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate15 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %15 %0 %0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %3 %3 %3 %3 %2 %2 %1 %1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.3 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.3 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263