Linnuraba

Location:Estonia
Area:8,341 acres (3,376 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes

Ecoregions

Sarmatic mixed forests

Soils

Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
 ABC
    
Share 45 %40 %15 % 
Soil TypeRendzic LeptosolsCalcaric RegosolsEutric GleysolsRendzic LeptosolsTerric Histosols
Topsoil TextureMediumMediumMediumMediumMedium
Reference Depth30 cm100 cm100 cm30 cm100 cm
DrainageImperfectlyModerately wellPoorImperfectlyVery poor
Available Water Capacity15 mm50 m125 m15 mm150 m
Phase 1PetrocalcicPetrocalcicStonyPetrocalcic 
Phase 2StonyStony Stony 
Root Obstacle None to 80 cmNone to 80 cm None to 80 cm
Impermeable Layer 80 - 150 cmNone to 150 cm None to 150 cm
Soil Water Regime Wet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 month Wet within 40 cm depth for over 11 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel16 %14 %4 %16 %28 %
Sand37 %44 %37 %37 %35 %
Silt44 %35 %40 %44 %33 %
Clay19 %21 %23 %19 %32 %
USDA TextureLoamLoamLoamLoamClay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³1.41 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.24 g/cm³1.37 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³1.24 g/cm³0.28 g/cm³
Organic Carbon2.13 %0.75 %1.07 %2.13 %39.4 %
PH7.586.27.55.6
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity80 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹41 cmol kg⁻¹80 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity27 cmol kg⁻¹17 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹27 cmol kg⁻¹87 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %100 %88 %100 %75 %
Total Exchangeable Bases28.8 cmol kg⁻¹26.8 cmol kg⁻¹10.2 cmol kg⁻¹28.8 cmol kg⁻¹59.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate6 %15 %0 %6 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %0 %0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %2 %2 %2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.2 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel 18 %5 % 5 %
Sand 40 %36 % 52 %
Silt 35 %36 % 23 %
Clay 25 %28 % 25 %
USDA Texture LoamClay loam Sandy clay loam
Reference Bulk Density 1.37 g/cm³1.35 g/cm³ 1.38 g/cm³
Bulk Density 1.5 g/cm³1.5 g/cm³ 0.18 g/cm³
Organic Carbon 0.47 %0.37 % 38.46 %
PH 8.16.6 5.8
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity 52 cmol kg⁻¹42 cmol kg⁻¹ 49 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity 15 cmol kg⁻¹13 cmol kg⁻¹ 88 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation 100 %90 % 96 %
Total Exchangeable Bases 36.5 cmol kg⁻¹11.9 cmol kg⁻¹ 81.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate 15 %0 % 0 %
Calcium Sulphate 0 %0 % 0 %
Exchangeable Sodium 2 %2 % 1 %
Electrical Conductivity 0.3 dS m-10.1 dS m-1 0.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263