Area:1,108 acres (448 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes


Sarmatic mixed forests


Protected Area Boundary
Share80 %20 %
Soil TypeHaplic PodzolsGleyic Podzols
Topsoil TextureCoarseCoarse
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm
DrainageSomewhat excessivePoor
Available Water Capacity100 m15 m
Phase 1 Gravelly
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable LayerNone to 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 monthWet within 80 cm over 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 11 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel3 %2 %
Sand87 %86 %
Silt9 %10 %
Clay4 %4 %
USDA TextureLoamy sandLoamy sand
Reference Bulk Density1.73 g/cm³1.73 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.4 g/cm³1.31 g/cm³
Organic Carbon2.18 %1.97 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity101 cmol kg⁻¹52 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity9 cmol kg⁻¹6 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation11 %18 %
Total Exchangeable Bases2.6 cmol kg⁻¹3.6 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium1 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel4 %3 %
Sand88 %85 %
Silt8 %10 %
Clay4 %5 %
USDA TextureSandLoamy sand
Reference Bulk Density1.74 g/cm³1.7 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.51 g/cm³1.54 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.39 %0.91 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity66 cmol kg⁻¹44 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity2 cmol kg⁻¹3 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation21 %21 %
Total Exchangeable Bases1.5 cmol kg⁻¹1.7 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate0 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium3 %3 %
Electrical Conductivity0.1 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263