Area:1,177 acres (477 hectares)
Species:All  Endangered  Invasive
Climate:View Climate Data
Land Use:View Land Use Data
Köppen climate classification:Dfb (Climate: snow; Precipitation: fully humid; Temperature: warm summer)
Natura 2000 Data Sheet:View Data Sheet  Explanatory notes


Sarmatic mixed forests


Link to Map
Protected Area Boundary
Soil TypeCalcaric RegosolsTerric Histosols
Topsoil TextureMediumMedium
Reference Depth100 cm100 cm
DrainageModerately wellVery poor
Available Water Capacity50 m150 m
Phase 1Petrocalcic 
Phase 2Stony 
Root ObstacleNone to 80 cmNone to 80 cm
Impermeable Layer80 - 150 cmNone to 150 cm
Soil Water RegimeWet within 80 cm for 3 to 6 months, but not wet within 40 cm for over 1 monthWet within 40 cm depth for over 11 month
Topsoil Properties
Gravel14 %28 %
Sand44 %35 %
Silt35 %33 %
Clay21 %32 %
USDA TextureLoamClay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.41 g/cm³1.32 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.37 g/cm³0.28 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.75 %39.4 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity45 cmol kg⁻¹45 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity17 cmol kg⁻¹87 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %75 %
Total Exchangeable Bases26.8 cmol kg⁻¹59.5 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate15 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.2 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Subsoil Properties
Gravel18 %5 %
Sand40 %52 %
Silt35 %23 %
Clay25 %25 %
USDA TextureLoamSandy clay loam
Reference Bulk Density1.37 g/cm³1.38 g/cm³
Bulk Density1.5 g/cm³0.18 g/cm³
Organic Carbon0.47 %38.46 %
Clay Cation Exchange Capacity52 cmol kg⁻¹49 cmol kg⁻¹
Soil Cation Exchange Capacity15 cmol kg⁻¹88 cmol kg⁻¹
Base Saturation100 %96 %
Total Exchangeable Bases36.5 cmol kg⁻¹81.8 cmol kg⁻¹
Calcium Carbonate15 %0 %
Calcium Sulphate0 %0 %
Exchangeable Sodium2 %1 %
Electrical Conductivity0.3 dS m-10.1 dS m-1
Soil data provided by FAO/IIASA/ISRIC/ISSCAS/JRC, 2012. Harmonized World Soil Database (version 1.2). FAO, Rome, Italy and IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.
Köppen climate classification provided by Kottek, M., J. Grieser, C. Beck, B. Rudolf, and F. Rubel, 2006: World Map of Köppen-Geiger Climate Classification updated. Meteorol. Z., 15, 259-263