Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Strigops > Strigops habroptila
 

Strigops habroptila (Kakapo)

Synonyms: Strigops habroptilus

Wikipedia Abstract

The kakapo (Māori: kākāpō or night parrot), Strigops habroptilus (Gray, 1845), also called owl parrot, is a species of large, flightless, nocturnal, ground-dwelling parrot of the super-family Strigopoidea endemic to New Zealand.It has finely blotched yellow-green plumage, a distinct facial disc of sensory, vibrissa-like feathers, a large grey beak, short legs, large feet, and wings and a tail of relatively short length.
View Wikipedia Record: Strigops habroptila

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Strigops habroptila

EDGE Analysis

The nocturnal Kakapo or ‘owl parrot’ (so called because of its facial disc of owl-like whiskers) is a large, stocky, New Zealand endemic. It is the heaviest of all the parrots, usually gaining between 60-100% in body weight in preparation for the breeding season. Unlike typical parrots, which are gaudy, sociable and strong-fliers, the Kakapo is solitary and flightless having evolved in the absence of mammalian predators. The species was previously widespread and common throughout the country. Unfortunately, hunting, the introduction of mammalian predators, widespread forest burning and clearance, and habitat degradation by introduced herbivores have caused a catastrophic decline in numbers.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
43
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
97
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 32.3715
EDGE Score: 6.28029
View EDGE Record: Strigops habroptila

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  3.86 lbs (1.75 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  36 grams
Female Weight [1]  3.31 lbs (1.50 kg)
Male Weight [1]  4.41 lbs (2.00 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  33.3 %
Female Maturity [4]  10 years
Male Maturity [4]  5 years
Clutch Size [5]  3
Diet [3]  Herbivore
Incubation [4]  30 days
Maximum Longevity [4]  60 years
Nocturnal [3]  Yes

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Fiordland temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northland temperate kauri forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Rakiura Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Richmond temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Codfish Island Nature Reserve 3450 New Zealand  
Rakiura National Park II 345849 New Zealand  
Tom Shand Scientific Reserve 764 New Zealand      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
New Zealand New Zealand Yes

Prey / Diet

Aciphylla takahea[6]
Carmichaelia grandiflora[6]
Celmisia coriacea[6]
Chionochloa rigida[6]
Coriaria plumosa[6]
Dicranoloma robustum[6]
Gahnia procera[6]
Hierochloe recurvata[6]
Isolepis habra[6]
Parablechnum procerum[6]
Phormium colensoi (mountain flax)[6]
Podocarpus nivalis (Alpine Totara)[6]
Polystichum vestitum (Prickly Shield Fern)[6]
Raukaua simplex[6]
Schoenus pauciflorus[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acanthisitta chloris (Rifleman)1
Gerygone igata (Grey Gerygone)1
Xenicus gilviventris (New Zealand Rockwren)1
Zosterops lateralis (Silvereye)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Parapsyllus nestoris nestoris[7]

Distribution

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Powlesland, R., Lloyd, B. Best, HA & Merton, DV (1992). Breeding biology of the Kakapo Strigops habroptilus on Stewart Island, New Zealand. Ibis, 134, 361-73 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 4de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 5Masello JF, Quillfeldt P (2002) Chick growth and breeding success of the burrowing parrot Condor 104:574–586 6Atkinson, I.A.E.; Merton, D.V. 2006. Habitat and diet of kakapo (Strigops habroptilis) in the Esperance Valley, Fiordland, New Zealand. Notornis 53(1): 37-54 7International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access