Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Muroidea > Spalacidae > Tachyoryctes > Tachyoryctes macrocephalus

Tachyoryctes macrocephalus (big-headed mole rat)

Wikipedia Abstract

The big-headed mole-rat, (Tachyoryctes macrocephalus), also known as the giant root-rat, Ethiopian African mole-rat, or giant mole-rat, is a rodent species in the family Spalacidae.It is endemic to Ethiopia's Bale Mountains. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical high-altitude grassland, where it can reach densities of up to 2,600 individuals per square kilometre. It is threatened by habitat loss.
View Wikipedia Record: Tachyoryctes macrocephalus

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Tachyoryctes macrocephalus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.9
EDGE Score: 4.15


Adult Weight [1]  1.32 lbs (597 g)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Ethiopian montane grasslands and woodlands Ethiopia, Eritrea Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Ethiopian montane moorlands Ethiopia Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bale Controlled Hunting Area 2387779 Oromīya, Ethiopia      
Bale Mountains National Park II 610597 Oromīya, Ethiopia  

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Bale Mountains Ethiopia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Eastern Afromontane Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zimbabwe Yes


Asio abyssinicus (Abyssinian Owl)[2]
Canis simensis (Ethiopian Wolf)[3]


Parasitized by 
Ctenophthalmus caecus[4]

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by 1Felisa A. Smith, S. Kathleen Lyons, S. K. Morgan Ernest, Kate E. Jones, Dawn M. Kaufman, Tamar Dayan, Pablo A. Marquet, James H. Brown, and John P. Haskell. 2003. Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403 2Tachyoryctes macrocephalus, D. W. Yalden, Mammalian Species No. 237, pp. 1-3 (1985) 3Ethiopian Wolf Conservation Programme 4International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Le Saout, S., Hoffmann, M., Shi, Y., Hughes, A., Bernard, C., Brooks, T.M., Bertzky, B., Butchart, S.H.M., Stuart, S.N., Badman, T. & Rodrigues, A.S.L. (2013) Protected areas and effective biodiversity conservation. Science, 342, 803–805
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access