Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Sciuridae > Ratufa > Ratufa indica
 

Ratufa indica (Indian giant squirrel)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Indian giant squirrel, or Malabar giant squirrel, (Ratufa indica) is a large tree squirrel species genus Ratufa native to India. It is a large-bodied diurnal, arboreal, and herbivorous squirrel found in South Asia. It is called शेकरू 'Shekru' in Marathi and is state animal of Maharashtra.
View Wikipedia Record: Ratufa indica

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
36
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.24
EDGE Score: 3.11

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  4.41 lbs (2.00 kg)
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Gestation [1]  84 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  20 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Eravikulam National Park II 39436 Kerala, India
Indravati Tiger Reserve   Chhattishgarh, India      
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve 1364022 India  
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Emblem of

Maharashtra

Prey / Diet

Ficus callosa[3]
Ficus minahassae (clustertree)[3]
Ficus tsjahela[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acritillas indica (Yellow-browed Bulbul)1
Anthracoceros coronatus (Malabar Pied Hornbill)1
Axis axis (chital)2
Axis porcinus (hog deer)1
Boselaphus tragocamelus (nilgai)1
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)2
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)2
Dendrocitta formosae (Grey Treepie)1
Dicaeum erythrorhynchos (Pale-billed Flowerpecker)1
Hoolock hoolock hoolock (hoolock gibbon)1
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)1
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)2
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)1
Macaca mulatta (rhesus monkey)1
Macaca nigra (Celebes crested macaque)1
Macaca radiata (bonnet macaque)1
Macaca silenus (liontail macaque)1
Macroglossus minimus (lesser long-tongued fruit bat)1
Megalaima asiatica (Blue-throated Barbet)1
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)1
Megalaima rubricapillus (Crimson-fronted Barbet)1
Megalaima viridis (White-cheeked Barbet)1
Megalaima zeylanica (Brown-headed Barbet)1
Melursus ursinus (Sloth Bear)1
Muntiacus muntjak (Indian muntjac)1
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus (Asian Palm Civet)1
Pavo cristatus (Indian Peafowl)1
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)1
Psittacula columboides (Blue-winged Parakeet)1
Psittacula cyanocephala (Plum-headed Parakeet)1
Pteropus alecto (black flying fox)1
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)1
Pycnonotus cafer (Red-vented Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus jocosus (Red-whiskered Bulbul)1
Pygathrix nemaeus (Douc langur)1
Rhinoceros unicornis (Indian rhinoceros)1
Rhyticeros subruficollis (Plain-pouched Hornbill)1
Semnopithecus entellus (Hanuman langur)2
Semnopithecus vetulus (purple-faced leaf monkey)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Trachypithecus pileatus (capped leaf monkey)1

Predators

Felis silvestris (Wildcat)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Echinococcus granulosus[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Arignar Anna Zool. Park, Chennai
Bannerghatta Biological Park
Dr. Shivarama Karanth Pilikula Biol.Pk

Range Map

Southern Asia;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access