Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Chiroptera > Mystacinidae > Mystacina > Mystacina robusta
 

Mystacina robusta (New Zealand greater short-tailed bat)

Wikipedia Abstract

The New Zealand Greater Short-tailed Bat (Mystacina robusta) was one of two species of New Zealand short-tailed bats, a family (Mystacinidae) unique to New Zealand. It lived on the North and South Islands in prehistoric times and historically lived on small islands near Stewart Island/Rakiura. Short-tailed bats were as adept at scrambling along the ground as they were at flying. Their wings folded into pouches on the sides of their bodies, so the bats could race through burrows or scrub.
View Wikipedia Record: Mystacina robusta

Endangered Species

Status: Critically Endangered
View IUCN Record: Mystacina robusta

EDGE Analysis

The greater short-tailed bat is the largest of New Zealand's three remaining extant bat species. Short-tailed bats use echolocation to hunt aerial invertebrates and olfactory senses to locate prey amongst leaf litter. Like its only close relative, the lesser short-tailed bat, it spends an unusually large proportion of its time on the ground, making it vulnerable to introduced predators such as rats. It disappeared from New Zealand’s North and South islands following European arrival some 200 years ago. It was subsequently restricted to small predator-free islands such as Big South Cape and Solomon Islands until rats were accidentally introduced in 1963. It is believed this had a catastrophic impact on the remaining population of the species with there being no confirmed sightings since 1967.
Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
28
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
94
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 55.03
EDGE Score: 6.8
View EDGE Record: Mystacina robusta

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  27.3 grams
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Nocturnal [2]  Yes

Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) Sites

Name  Location   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Big South Cape Island New Zealand    

Range Map

Link to Map
Australia;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Wilson D.E, 08-Jun-2004, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Endangered Status provided by IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2 <www.iucnredlist.org> Downloaded on 11 April 2013.
Attributes / relations provided by 1Felisa A. Smith, S. Kathleen Lyons, S. K. Morgan Ernest, Kate E. Jones, Dawn M. Kaufman, Tamar Dayan, Pablo A. Marquet, James H. Brown, and John P. Haskell. 2003. Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology 84:3403 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
AZE sites provided by Alliance for Zero Extinction (2010). 2010 AZE Update.
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access