Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Artiodactyla > Camelidae > Vicugna > Vicugna pacos

Vicugna pacos (alpaca)

Synonyms: Lama pacos

Wikipedia Abstract

An alpaca (Vicugna pacos) is a domesticated species of South American camelid. It resembles a small llama in appearance. There are two breeds of alpaca; the Suri alpaca and the Huacaya alpaca. Alpacas are kept in herds that graze on the level heights of the Andes of southern Peru, northern Bolivia, Ecuador, and northern Chile at an altitude of 3,500 m (11,500 ft) to 5,000 m (16,000 ft) above sea level, throughout the year. Alpacas are considerably smaller than llamas, and unlike llamas, they were not bred to be beasts of burden, but were bred specifically for their fiber. Alpaca fiber is used for making knitted and woven items, similar to wool. These items include blankets, sweaters, hats, gloves, scarves, a wide variety of textiles and ponchos in South America, and sweaters, socks, coats
View Wikipedia Record: Vicugna pacos


Adult Weight [1]  136.69 lbs (62.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  15.90 lbs (7.21 kg)
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 2 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 4 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Gestation [1]  11 months 15 days
Litter Size [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  26 years
Weaning [1]  7 months 3 days

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Reserva Nacional de Fauna Ulla Ulla National Fauna Reserve 559837 Bolivia  
Reserva Nacional Lauca National Park II 349990 Chile  

Prey / Diet

Agrostis tolucensis[3]
Bromus hordeaceus (soft brome)[4]
Calamagrostis curvula[3]
Calamagrostis jamesonii[3]
Deschampsia cespitosa (Tufted Hair-grass)[3]
Distichia muscoides[3]
Festuca chrysophylla[3]
Festuca nardifolia[3]
Hordeum marinum (seaside barley)[4]
Hypochaeris glabra (smooth cat's ear)[4]
Lolium rigidum (Wimmera ryegrass)[4]
Medicago polymorpha (bur clover)[4]
Nassella manicata (tropical needlegrass)[4]
Parastrephia lucida[3]
Piptochaetium stipoides (purple spear grass)[4]
Poa lilloi[3]
Rubus ulmifolius (elmleaf blackberry)[4]
Stipa leptostachya[3]
Vachellia caven (Roman-cassie)[4]
Vulpia bromoides (brome fescue)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Cervus elaphus (wapiti or elk)1
Dama dama (fallow deer)1
Hippocamelus antisensis (Peruvian guemal)1
Lama glama (llama)10


Parasitized by 
Echinococcus granulosus[5]
Mazamastrongylus peruvianus <Unverified Name>[5]
Microthoracius minor[6]
Nematodirus lamae <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Akron Zoological Parkhuacaya
Albuquerque Biological Park
Artis Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Australia Zoohuacaya
Beale Park
Bird Park Marlow
Bishop Burton College
Blaavand Zoo
Bowmanville Zoological Park
Brevard Zoodomestic
Bronx Children's Zoohuacaya
Brooklands Zoohuacaya
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Cape May County Park Zoo
Central Park Zoo
CERZA Centre d'Etude Rech Zool Augeron
Chahinkapa Zoo
Charles Paddock Zoohuacaya
Chehaw Wild Animal Park
Chessington World of Adventures, Ltd.
Children's Zoo at Celebration Square
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Colchester Zoo
Cologne Zoo
Cougar Mountain Zoological Park
Dartmoor Zoological Park
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Dreamworld Pty Ltd
Drusillas Zoo Park
DSI Givskud Zoo
Dudley Zoological Gardens
Erie Zoological Gardens
Exmoor Zoological Park
Flamingo Land LTD
Folly Farm Leisure Ltd
Forest Park Zoological Society
Fresno Chaffee Zoodomestic
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Great Plains Zoo
Hamilton Zoo
Hansenberg Organia
IAE - African Safari Wildlife Park
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Aires
Jyllands Park Zoo
Kaliningrad Zoo
Knoxville Zoological Gardens
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
La Vallée des Singes
Lee Richardson Zoo
Lehigh Valley Zoo
Lincoln Park Zoological Gardens
Los Angeles Zoo & Botanical Gardens
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny w Lodz
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny, Plock
Miller Park Zoo
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Moscow Zoological Park
Moulton College
Nagoya Higashiyama Zoo
Nashville Zoo at Grassmere
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
Neunkircher Zoologischer Garten GmbH
Nyíregyházi Állatpark Nonprofit KFT
Odense Zoologiske Have
Ogrod Zoobotaniczny Torun
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Opolu, Opole
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftung
Paradise Wildlife Park
Parc de la Haute Touche (MNHN)
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.
Parc Zoologique d'Amiens
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parc Zoologique de la Barben
Parc Zoologique de La Palmyre
Parc Zoologique de Lille
Parco Zoo Punta Verde
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Planete Sauvage
Potawatomi Zoo
Prospect Park Zoo
Pueblo Zoohuacaya
Racine Zoological Gardens
Reaseheath College Animal Centre
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Riga Zoo
Rodbaston College
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunn
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Sequoia Park Zoohuacaya
Silesian Zoological Garden
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Societa Zoologica Di Pistoia S.R.L
South Lakes Wild Animal Park
Szeged Zoo
Tallinn Zoo
Tautphaus Park Zoo
Terra Natura S.A.
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Thoiry Zoological Park
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Tierpark Dählhölzli
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Tilgate Nature Centre
Toronto Zoo
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook School
Trotter's World of Animals
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Turtle Back Zoo
Twycross Zoo
Ueno Zoological Gardens
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Utica Zoo
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Walford & North Shropshire College
Western Plains Zoo
Whipsnade Wild Animal Park
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendael
Wilhelma Zoo
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zagreb Zoo / Zooloski vrt Zagreb
Zivalski vrt Ljubljana
Zoo d'Asson
Zoo de Doue-la-Fontaine
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Zürich
Zool.Nacional Parque Metro De Santiago
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka Zahrada Kosice
Zoologicka Zahrada Mesta Brna
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologischer Garten Augsburg GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Leipzig
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding


South America;



Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at
3Botanical composition of the diets of alpaca (Lama pacos) and llama (Lama glama) in the Andean rangelands of Chile, Birgit Wackwitz, G. Castellaro, H. J. Schwartz, A. Raggi, Deutscher Tropentag 1999 in Berlin, Session: Sustainable Technology Development in Animal Agriculture
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
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Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
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