Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Pilosa > Megalonychidae > Choloepus > Choloepus didactylus
 

Choloepus didactylus (Southern Two-toed Sloth; Linnaeus's Two-toed Sloth)

Wikipedia Abstract

Linnaeus's two-toed sloth (Choloepus didactylus), also known as the southern two-toed sloth or unau, is a species of sloth from South America, found in Venezuela, the Guyanas, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil north of the Amazon River.It is a solitary, nocturnal and arboreal animal, found in rainforests. It is able to swim, making it possible to cross rivers and creeks.
View Wikipedia Record: Choloepus didactylus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
12
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
38
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 24.15
EDGE Score: 3.22

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  13.78 lbs (6.25 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  356 grams
Female Maturity [2]  3 years 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  4 years 6 months
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Gestation [2]  9 months 9 days
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  37 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Weaning [2]  5 months 2 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Amazon-Orinoco-Southern Caribbean mangroves Brazil, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela Neotropic Mangroves  
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Caqueta moist forests Brazil, Columbia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan piedmont and lowland moist forests Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Juruá-Purus moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Napo moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peruvian Yungas Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Purus-Madeira moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Rio Negro campinarana Brazil, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Solimões-Japurá moist forest Brazil, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Amazon moist forests Peru, Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ucayali moist forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Mamirauá Sustainable Development Reserve State Sustainable Development Reserve VI 3260792 Amazonas, Brazil  
Parque Nacional Canaima National Park II 7542183 Venezuela  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Yasuni Biosphere Reserve 4156313 Ecuador  
Sierra del Divisor Reserve Zone 3652986 Peru      

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Chabfilaria jonathani <Unverified Name>[3]
Dioctophyme renale[3]
Dipetalonema spiralis <Unverified Name>[3]
Physaloptera papillotruncata <Unverified Name>[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Amazon World
Aquarium & Rainforest at Moody Gardens
Artis Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Bergen County Zoological Park
Binder Park Zoo
Binghamton Zoo at Ross Park
Biodome de Montreal
Blank Park Zoo of Des Moines
Brevard Zoo
Bristol Zoo Gardens
Bronx Children's Zoo
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Buffalo Zoological Gardens
Burger's Zoo
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Cameron Park Zoo
Central Florida Zoological Park
Central Park Zoo
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Cleveland Metroparks Zoo
Colchester Zoo
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Copenhagen Zoo
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardens
Dallas Zoo
Denver Zoological Gardens
Detroit Zoological Society
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Dierenpark Emmen
Drusillas Zoo Park
Dusit (Bangkok) Zoological Park
Ellen Trout Zoo
Erie Zoological Gardens
Espace Zoologique la Boissiere du Dore
Fort Wayne Children's Zoo
Fresno Chaffee Zoo
Gladys Porter Zoo
Granby Zoo / Zoo de Granby
Guadalajara Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoo
Honolulu Zoo
Khao Kheow Open Zoo
Kittenberger Zoo
Kristiansand Dyrepark ASA
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Lincoln Childrens Zoo (former Folsom)
Little Rock Zoological Gardens
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Münchener Tierpark Hellabrunn
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Menagerie du Jardin des Plantes
Mesker Park Zoo
Miami Metrozoo
Miller Park Zoo
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Montecasino Bird Gardens
Moscow Zoological Park
Nagyerdei Kultúrpark KHT.
Nat'l Zoological Gardens of S. Africa
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
Niabi Zoo
Novosibirsk Zoological Park
Odense Zoologiske Have
Ogrod Zoologiczny w Poznaniu
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Out of Africa Wildlife Park
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens
Papiliorama Swiss Tropical Gardens
Parc de Lunaret
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Parque Zoologico Huachipa
Parque Zoologico Santa Fe
Point Defiance Zoo & Aquarium
Randers Regnskov
Red River Zoo
Roger Williams Park Zoo
Sacramento Zoo
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Saitama Children's Zoo
Salisbury Zoological Park
San Antonio Zoological Gardens & Aquar
San Diego Zoo
Santa Barbara Zoological Gardens
Schoenbrunner Tiergarten GmbH
Sedgwick County Zoo
Seneca Park Zoo
Silver Springs Park
Singapore Zoological Gardens
Smithsonian National Zoological Park
Szeged Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Naples Zoo
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Tiergarten Heidelberg
Tierpark Berlin-Friedrichsfelde GmbH
Toronto Zoo
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Twycross Zoo
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Valley Zoo & John Janzen Nature Center
Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Ctr
Wildlife World Zoo
Wilhelma Zoo
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Xantus János Állatkert Kht.
Zoo Boise
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo Dresden GmbH
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoo Hannover GmbH
Zoo Krefeld GmbH
Zoo New England, Stone Zoo
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Osnabrück
Zoo Zürich
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoological Garden Prague
Zoological Society of Ireland-Dublin
Zoological Society of London
Zoologicka Garden & Chateau Zlin-Lesna
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislava
Zoologicka Zahrada Jihlava
Zoologicka zahrada Olomouc
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurt
Zoologischer Garten Halle GmbH
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Range Map

South America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access