Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Suliformes > Sulidae > Morus > Morus serrator

Morus serrator (Australasian Gannet)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Australasian gannet (Morus serrator or Sula bassana), also known as Australian gannet and Tākapu, is a large seabird of the gannet family Sulidae. Adults are mostly white, with black flight feathers at the wingtips and lining the trailing edge of the wing. The central tail feathers are also black. The head is yellow, with a pale blue-grey bill edged in black, and blue-rimmed eyes. Numbers of Australasian gannet have been increasing since 1950, although some colonies have disappeared and others have decreased in size.
View Wikipedia Record: Morus serrator

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.255
EDGE Score: 2.50593


Adult Weight [1]  5.18 lbs (2.35 kg)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Vertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [2]  90 %
Diet - Scavenger [2]  10 %
Forages - Underwater [2]  100 %
Clutch Size [3]  1
Incubation [3]  44 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  33 years
Wing Span [4]  6.6 feet (2 m)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Antipodes Subantarctic Islands tundra Australia, New Zealand Australasia Tundra    
Southern Indian Ocean Islands tundra South Africa, France, Australia Antarctic Tundra    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Croajingolong National Park II 217067 Victoria, Australia
Flinders Chase National Park II 81245 South Australia, Australia
Lavinia Nature Reserve State Reserve II 17390 Tasmania, Australia    
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  
Mountain Zebra National Park II 60944 Eastern Cape, South Africa
Norfolk Island National Park II 1723 Australian external territories, Australia  
Wilson's Promontory National Park II 119279 Victoria, Australia

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
New Zealand New Zealand No
Southwest Australia Australia No

Prey / Diet

Aldrichetta forsteri (Yellow-eye mullet)[5]
Belone belone (Garfish)[5]
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)[5]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[5]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[5]
Cololabis saira (Skipper)[5]
Eleginus gracilis (Wachna cod)[5]
Engraulis anchoita (Anchoita)[5]
Engraulis australis (Australian anchovy)[6]
Engraulis capensis (Southern African anchovy)[5]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[5]
Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)[5]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[5]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[5]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[5]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[5]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[5]
Macruronus magellanicus (Patagonian whiphake)[5]
Macruronus novaezelandiae (Whiptail hake)[5]
Micromesistius australis (Southern poutassou)[5]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[5]
Pleurogrammus azonus (Okhotsk atka mackerel)[5]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[5]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[5]
Pseudolabrus rubicundus (Rosy wrasse)[5]
Pseudophycis bachus (Southern rockcod)[6]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[5]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[6]
Scomber australasicus (Spotted mackerel)[5]
Scomberesox saurus (Atlantic saury)[6]
Sprattus antipodum (Sprat)[5]
Sprattus muelleri (Stout sprat)[6]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[5]
Trachurus mediterraneus (Mediterranean scad)[5]
Trachurus novaezelandiae (Yellowtail scad)[6]
Trachurus symmetricus (Scad)[5]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Anous minutus (Black Noddy)1
Arctocephalus forsteri (Australasian Fur Seal)2
Arripis trutta (Salmon trout)2
Eudyptes pachyrhynchus (Fiordland Penguin)1
Eudyptes robustus (Snares Penguin)1
Eudyptula minor (Little Penguin)2
Leucocarbo colensoi (Auckland Islands shag)1
Megadyptes antipodes (Yellow-eyed Penguin)1
Phalacrocorax sulcirostris (Little Black Cormorant)1
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)1
Sula leucogaster (Brown Booby)1
Thalassarche chlororhynchos (Yellow-nosed Albatross)1
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)2
Thunnus obesus (Tuna)1
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)1


Parasitized by 
Eidmanniella pustulosa[7]
Pectinopygus bassani[7]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Melbourne Zoo

Range Map




Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Bird species of concern at wind farms in New Zealand, R.G. Powlesland, September 2009, New Zealand Department of Conservation
5Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access