Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Fringillidae > Euphonia > Euphonia violacea
 

Euphonia violacea (Violaceous Euphonia)

Wikipedia Abstract

The violaceous euphonia (Euphonia violacea) is a small passerine bird in the true finch family. It is a resident breeder from Trinidad, Tobago and eastern Venezuela south to Paraguay and northeastern Argentina.
View Wikipedia Record: Euphonia violacea

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
20
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.76225
EDGE Score: 1.75133

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  14.7 grams
Clutch Size [2]  4

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alta Paraná Atlantic forests Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Araucaria moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Humid Chaco Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests Brazil, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Negro-Branco moist forests Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests Brazil, Guyana, Suriname Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Caaguazú National Park II 33073 Paraguay  
Carapá Biological Refuge IV 9071 Paraguay  
Cerro Corá National Park II 31326 Paraguay  
El Caura Forest Reserve VI 12722815 Venezuela  
Imataca Forest Reserve VI 13252422 Venezuela  
Itabó Biological Reserve IV 34092 Paraguay  
Kuri'y National Reserve Natural Monument III 4972 Paraguay  
Limoy Biological Reserve IV 33774 Paraguay  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Mata Atlântica Biosphere Reserve 72830565 Brazil  
Mbaracayú Biological Refuge IV 4039 Paraguay  
Moisés Bertoni Natural Monument 488 Paraguay
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Pikyry Biological Refuge IV 2898 Paraguay  
Ralleigh Falls - Voltzberg Nature Reserve 191114 Suriname  
Reserve de Biosphere Cerrado Biosphere Reserve II 1812 Parana, Brazil  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Serra dos Orgãos National Park II 26072 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  
Tatí Yupí Biological Refuge IV 5052 Paraguay  
Ybycu'í National Park II 13915 Paraguay  
Ypacaraí National Park II 38504 Paraguay  
Yvytyruzu Managed Resources Reserve Managed Resource Reserve VI 63491 Paraguay  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Atlantic Forest Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay No
Cerrado Brazil No
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela No

Prey / Diet

Aechmea nudicaulis (nakedstem livingvase)[3]
Annona exsucca[3]
Anthurium gracile[3]
Anthurium scandens (pearl laceleaf)[3]
Ficus americana subsp. guianensis[4]
Ficus citrifolia (shortleaf fig)[4]
Ficus elastica (indian rubber fig)[3]
Ficus yoponensis[3]
Protium heptaphyllum[3]
Solanum thomasiifolium[5]
Trema micrantha (Jamaican nettletree)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alouatta palliata (mantled howler monkey)1
Artibeus jamaicensis (Jamaican fruit-eating bat)2
Artibeus lituratus (great fruit-eating bat)1
Ateles chamek (Chamek spider monkey)1
Ateles geoffroyi (Central American spider monkey)1
Ateles paniscus (black spider monkey)1
Aulacorhynchus prasinus (Emerald Toucanet)1
Baillonius bailloni (saffron toucanet)1
Brotogeris tirica (Plain Parakeet)1
Carpornis melanocephala (Black-headed Berryeater)1
Catharus ustulatus (Swainson's Thrush)1
Cebus capucinus (white-faced capuchin)2
Cerdocyon thous (Crab-eating Fox)1
Chiroderma villosum (hairy big-eyed bat)1
Chiroxiphia boliviana (Yungas Manakin)1
Chlorophanes spiza (Green Honeycreeper)5
Coereba flaveola (Bananaquit)4
Cyanerpes caeruleus (Purple Honeycreeper)3
Cyanerpes cyaneus (Red-legged Honeycreeper)3
Dacnis cayana (Blue Dacnis)3
Dermanura phaeotis (pygmy fruit-eating bat)2
Dermanura tolteca (Toltec fruit-eating bat)1
Elaenia frantzii (Mountain Elaenia)1
Euphonia musica (Antillean Euphonia)1
Euphonia xanthogaster (Orange-bellied Euphonia)1
Forpus xanthopterygius (Blue-winged Parrotlet)1
Geotrygon montana (Ruddy Quail-Dove)1
Hylocharis cyanus (White-chinned Sapphire)1
Iguana iguana (Common Green Iguana)1
Lagothrix lagothricha (Humboldt's woolly monkey)1
Leontocebus fuscicollis (saddlebacked tamarin)1
Lipaugus lanioides (Cinnamon-vented Piha)1
Mazama americana (red brocket)1
Megarynchus pitangua (Boat-billed Flycatcher)1
Myiozetetes similis (Social Flycatcher)1
Nasua nasua (South American Coati)1
Oxyruncus cristatus (Sharpbill)1
Patagioenas fasciata (Band-tailed Pigeon)1
Pipra rubrocapilla (Red-headed Manakin)1
Pitangus sulphuratus (Great Kiskadee)1
Platyrrhinus helleri (Heller's broad-nosed bat)1
Potos flavus (Kinkajou)1
Pteroglossus aracari (Black-necked Aracari)1
Pyrrhura frontalis (Reddish-bellied Parakeet)1
Pyrrhura molinae (Green-cheeked Parakeet)2
Ramphocelus bresilius (Brazilian Tanager)1
Ramphocelus carbo (Silver-beaked Tanager)2
Ramphodon naevius (Saw-billed Hermit)1
Saguinus mystax (black-chested mustached tamarin)1
Saguinus oedipus (cotton-top tamarin)1
Saimiri sciureus (South American squirrel monkey)2
Saltator maximus (Buff-throated Saltator)1
Sapajus apella (brown capuchin)2
Schistochlamys melanopis (Black-faced Tanager)1
Sciurus granatensis (red-tailed squirrel)1
Selenidera maculirostris (Spot-billed Toucanet)1
Setophaga ruticilla (American Redstart)1
Strobilurus torquatus (Amazon Lava Lizard)1
Sturnira ludovici (highland yellow-shouldered bat)1
Tachyphonus coronatus (Ruby-crowned Tanager)1
Tachyphonus luctuosus (White-shouldered Tanager)1
Tachyphonus rufus (White-lined Tanager)8
Tangara guttata (Speckled Tanager)3
Tangara gyrola (Bay-headed Tanager)6
Tangara mexicana (Turquoise Tanager)6
Tersina viridis (Swallow Tanager)1
Thalurania glaucopis (Violet-capped Woodnymph)1
Thraupis episcopus (Blue-grey Tanager)4
Thraupis palmarum (Palm Tanager)3
Tiaris olivaceus (Yellow-faced Grassquit)1
Tyrannus dominicensis (Grey Kingbird)1
Tyrannus melancholicus (Tropical Kingbird)1
Uroderma bilobatum (tent-making bat)2
Vampyressa pusilla (little yellow-eared bat)2
Vampyrodes caraccioli (great stripe-faced bat)1
Vireo altiloquus (Black-whiskered Vireo)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Chicago Zoological Park
Dallas World Aquarium
Denver Zoological Gardens
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Louisville Zoological Garden
Memphis Zoological Garden & Aquarium
Miller Park Zoo
St. Paul's Como Zoo
Steinhart Aquarium (CA Acad of Science
Toledo Zoological Gardens
Tracy Aviary

Range Map

Serra dos Orgaos National Park;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1THE FEEDING ECOLOGY OF TANAGERS AND HONEYCREEPERS IN TRINIDAD, Barbara K. Snow and D. W. Snow, The Auk, 88: 291-322 (1971) 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3The Feeding Ecology of Tanagers and Honeycreepers in Trinidad, Barbara K. Snow and D. W. Snow, The Auk Vol. 88, No. 2 (Apr., 1971), pp. 291-322 4"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 5Seed dispersal of Solanum thomasiifolium Sendtner (Solanaceae) in the Linhares Forest, Espírito Santo state, Brazil, João Vasconcellos-Neto, Lidiamar Barbosa de Albuquerque and Wesley Rodrigues Silva, Acta bot. bras. 23(4): 1171-1179. 2009
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access