Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Aegithinidae > Aegithina > Aegithina tiphia
 

Aegithina tiphia (Common Iora)

Wikipedia Abstract

The common iora (Aegithina tiphia) is a small passerine bird found across the tropical Indian subcontinent with populations showing plumage variations, some of which are designated as subspecies. A species found in scrub and forest, it is easily detected from its loud whistles and the bright colours. During the breeding season, males display by fluffing up their feathers and spiral in the air appearing like a green, black, yellow and white ball.
View Wikipedia Record: Aegithina tiphia

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
15
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
34
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 11.8707
EDGE Score: 2.55496

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  12 grams
Clutch Size [2]  3

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Borneo lowland rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Borneo peat swamp forests Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Brahmaputra Valley semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cardamom Mountains rain forests Cambodia, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central Indochina dry forests Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya freshwater swamp forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chao Phraya lowland moist deciduous forests Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chhota-Nagpur dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests Myanmar, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Deccan thorn scrub forests India, Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
East Deccan dry-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Eastern highlands moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Himalayan broadleaf forests India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Java-Bali rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Himalayan subtropical pine forests India, Bhutan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Indochina mangroves Thailand, Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Irrawaddy dry forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy freshwater swamp forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Irrawaddy moist deciduous forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Kayah-Karen montane rain forests Myanmar, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Khathiar-Gir dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Luang Prabang montane rain forests Laos, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Malabar Coast moist forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meghalaya subtropical forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mentawai Islands rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin rain forests Myanmar, India, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Myanmar Coast mangroves India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Mangroves  
Myanmar coastal rain forests Myanmar, Bangladesh Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
North Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests India, Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Northern Annamites rain forests Laos, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Northern Indochina subtropical forests China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Khorat Plateau moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Thailand-Laos moist deciduous forests Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle subtropical forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northern Triangle temperate forests Myanmar Indo-Malayan Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Vietnam lowland rain forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Northwestern thorn scrub forests India, Pakistan Indo-Malayan Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Orissa semi-evergreen forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Palawan rain forests Philippines Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian peat swamp forests Malaysia, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Peninsular Malaysian rain forests Indonesia, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Red River freshwater swamp forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Western Ghats montane rain forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern Indochina dry evergreen forests Viet Nam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southern Annamites montane rain forests Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southern Vietnam lowland dry forests Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Southwest Borneo freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka dry-zone dry evergreen forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka lowland rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sri Lanka montane rain forests Sri Lanka Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran freshwater swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran montane rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sumatran peat swamp forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sunda Shelf mangroves Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Sundaland heath forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans freshwater swamp forests Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India Indo-Malayan Mangroves
Tenasserim-South Thailand semi-evergreen rain forests Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Terai-Duar savanna and grasslands Bhutan, India, Nepal Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tonle Sap freshwater swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tonle Sap-Mekong peat swamp forests Cambodia, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Upper Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests India Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows India, Nepal Palearctic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Western Himalayan subalpine conifer forests India, Pakistan, Nepal Indo-Malayan Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Java rain forests Indonesia Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Ailaoshan Nature Reserve V 332544 Yunnan, China  
Ao Phang Nga National Park Marine National Park II 103730 Thailand
Bach Ma National Park II 54733 Viet Nam
Bako National Park II 9035 Sarawak, Malaysia  
Bandhavgarh National Park II 89210 Madhya Pradesh, India  
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Betung Kerihun National Park II 1945086 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Bukit Tigah Puluh National Park 360578 Sumatra, Indonesia
Bukit Timah Nature Reserve II 411 Singapore
Buxa Tiger Reserve Sanctuary IV 23685 West Bengal, India  
Can Gio Mangrove Biosphere Reserve 123722 Viet Nam  
Cat Tien National Park II 188942 Viet Nam
Chae Son National Park II 194441 Thailand
Chaloem Rattanakosin National Park II 14328 Thailand  
Cibodas Biosphere Reserve (Gunung Gede-Pangrango) 142165 Java, Indonesia      
Corbett National Park II 141853 Uttaranchal, India
Danau Sentarum National Park 347674 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Doi Inthanon National Park II 115326 Thailand  
Doi Khun Tan National Park II 61680 Thailand  
Doi Luang National Park II 325736 Thailand  
Doi Pha Chang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 144177 Thailand  
Doi Pha Hom Pok Watershed Area National Park II 133848 Thailand  
Doi Pha Muang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 146468 Thailand  
Doi Phu Kha National Park II 472119 Thailand  
Doi Suthep-pui National Park II 70007 Thailand  
Erawan National Park II 131204 Thailand
Gunung Leuser National Park II 2203368 Sumatra, Indonesia
Gunung Palung National Park II 271203 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Hat Chao Mai National Park Marine National Park II 61367 Thailand
Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 699629 Thailand  
Kaeng Krachan National Park II 753452 Thailand
Kanha Tiger Reserve National Park II 223971 Madhya Pradesh, India
Keoladeo (Bharatpur) National Park II 7668 Rajasthan, India  
Kerinci Seblat National Park II 3463483 Sumatra, Indonesia  
Khao Ang Ru Nai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 248699 Thailand  
Khao Banthat Wildlife Sanctuary IV 309428 Thailand  
Khao Khieo-Khao Chomphu Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36570 Thailand  
Khao Laem Ya - Mu Ko Samet National Park Marine National Park II 31421 Thailand
Khao Lam Pi - Hat Thai Muang National Marine Park II 17646 Thailand
Khao Luang National Park II 143331 Thailand
Khao Phanom Bencha National Park II 12840 Thailand
Khao Pra Bang Kram Wildlife Sanctuary IV 30009 Thailand  
Khao Pu - Khao Ya National Park II 176398 Thailand
Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park II 39512 Thailand
Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary IV 182353 Thailand  
Khao Yai National Park II 542694 Thailand
Khaoen Si Nakarin National Park II 459154 Thailand
Khlong Lan National Park II 104466 Thailand
Khlong Phraya Wildlife Sanctuary IV 36624 Thailand  
Khlong Saeng Wildlife Sanctuary IV 243425 Thailand  
Kudremukh National Park II 202772 Karnataka, India  
Kutai National Park II 560076 East Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Lum Nam Pai Wildlife Sanctuary IV 298416 Thailand  
Mae Ping National Park II 259897 Thailand
Mae Tuen Wildlife Sanctuary IV 307947 Thailand  
Mae Wong National Park II 221459 Thailand
Mae Yom National Park II 123569 Thailand
Manas National Park II 135025 Assam, India
Mu Ko Lanta National Park Marine National Park II 33637 Thailand
Nam Ha National Biodiversity Conservation Area VI 539941 Laos  
Nam Nao National Park II 240993 Thailand
Namtok Huai Yang National Park II 39461 Thailand
Namtok Phlew National Park II 29909 Thailand  
Om Koi Wildlife Sanctuary IV 299357 Thailand  
Palawan Biosphere Reserve 2843689 Philippines  
Pang Sida National Park II 211956 Thailand
Phra Budda Chaya National Park II 11157 Thailand  
Phu Chong - Na Yoi National Park II 171322 Thailand
Phu Hin Rong Kla National Park II 75377 Thailand
Phu Kao - Phu Phan Kham National Park II 73247 Thailand
Phu Khieo Wildlife Sanctuary IV 391278 Thailand  
Phu Kradung National Park II 63197 Thailand
Phu Luang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 227671 Thailand  
Phu Rua National Park II 29733 Thailand
Pong Lake Sanctuary IV 61391 Himachal Pradesh, India  
Rajaji National Park II 196637 Uttaranchal, India  
Royal Chitwan National Park II 292637 Nepal  
Sai Yok National Park II 235556 Thailand
Salak Phra Wildlife Sanctuary IV 241622 Thailand  
Salawin National Park II 400497 Thailand
Si Phang Nga National Park II 60672 Thailand
Simlipal Tiger Reserve National Park II 103465 Orissa, India  
Sinharaja Forest Reserve IV 16201 Sri Lanka  
Sri Satchanalai National Park II 54041 Thailand
Sub-lungka Wildlife Sanctuary IV 35543 Thailand  
Sunderban National Park 261613 India  
Sungei Buloh Wetlands Reserve Nature Reserve IV 325 Singapore  
Tanjung Puting National Park II 987160 Kalimantan, Indonesia  
Thaleban National Park Marine National Park II 49715 Thailand
Than Boke Khoranee National Park Marine National Park II 24553 Thailand
Thap Lan National Park II 550979 Thailand
Thung Salaeng Luang National Park II 315222 Thailand
Thung Yai Naresuan Wildlife Sanctuary IV 918234 Thailand  
Tonle Sap Biosphere Reserve VI 688326 Cambodia  
Ujung Kulon National Park II 313466 Java, Indonesia    
Umphang Wildlife Sanctuary IV 619152 Thailand  
Wat Phai Lom - Wat Amphuwararam Non-hunting Area No or Non Hunting Area   Thailand      
Way Kambas National Park II 306926 Sumatra, Indonesia
Wiang Kosai National Park II 108737 Thailand
Xishuangbanna Nature Reserve V 567531 Yunnan, China  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Himalaya Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan No
Indo-Burma Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Viet Nam No
Philippines Philippines No
Sundaland Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand No
Western Ghats and Sri Lanka India, Sri Lanka No

Prey / Diet

Ficus benjamina (weeping fig)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acerodon jubatus (golden-capped fruit bat)1
Aceros waldeni (Walden's Hornbill)1
Aegithina viridissima (Green Iora)1
Alcippe brunneicauda (Brown Fulvetta)1
Alophoixus bres (Grey-cheeked Bulbul)1
Alophoixus finschii (Finsch's Bulbul)1
Alophoixus pallidus (Puff-throated Bulbul)1
Alophoixus phaeocephalus (Yellow-bellied Bulbul)1
Ampeliceps coronatus (Golden-crested Myna)1
Anorrhinus tickelli (Brown Hornbill)1
Anthracoceros albirostris (Oriental Pied Hornbill)1
Anthracoceros malayanus (Black Hornbill)1
Arborophila chloropus (Green-legged Partridge)1
Arctictis binturong (Binturong)1
Buceros bicornis (Great Hornbill)1
Buceros rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Hornbill)1
Callosciurus adamsi (ear-spot squirrel)1
Callosciurus finlaysonii (Finlayson's squirrel)1
Callosciurus nigrovittatus (black-striped squirrel)1
Callosciurus notatus (plantain squirrel)1
Callosciurus prevostii (Prevost's squirrel)1
Caloramphus fuliginosus (Brown Barbet)1
Calyptomena viridis (Green Broadbill)1
Chalcophaps indica (Common Emerald Dove)1
Chloropsis aurifrons (Golden-fronted Leafbird)1
Chloropsis cochinchinensis (Blue-winged Leafbird)1
Chloropsis cyanopogon (Lesser Green Leafbird)1
Chloropsis sonnerati (Greater Green Leafbird)1
Cynopterus brachyotis (lesser short-nosed fruit bat)1
Cynopterus sphinx (greater short-nosed fruit bat)1
Dicaeum chrysorrheum (Yellow-vented Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum concolor (Plain Flowerpecker)1
Dicaeum trigonostigma (Orange-bellied Flowerpecker)1
Ducula badia (Mountain Imperial Pigeon)1
Ducula bicolor (Pied Imperial Pigeon)1
Elephas maximus (Asiatic Elephant)1
Eudynamys scolopaceus (Asian Koel)1
Garrulax leucolophus (White-crested Laughingthrush)1
Gracula religiosa (Hill Myna)1
Hoolock hoolock hoolock (hoolock gibbon)1
Hylobates lar (white-handed gibbon)1
Hylobates moloch (silvery gibbon)1
Iole olivacea (Buff-vented Bulbul)1
Iole propinqua (Grey-eyed Bulbul)1
Irena puella (Asian Fairy-bluebird)1
Ixos malaccensis (Streaked Bulbul)1
Lophura nycthemera (Silver Pheasant)1
Loriculus vernalis (Vernal Hanging Parrot)1
Macaca fascicularis (long-tailed macaque)1
Macaca nemestrina (pigtail macaque)1
Megalaima australis (Blue-eared Barbet)1
Megalaima chrysopogon (Golden-whiskered Barbet)1
Megalaima faiostricta (Green-eared Barbet)1
Megalaima haemacephala (Coppersmith Barbet)1
Megalaima lineata (Lineated Barbet)1
Megalaima mystacophanos (Red-throated Barbet)1
Megalaima rafflesii (Red-crowned Barbet)1
Muntiacus muntjak (Indian muntjac)1
Oriolus chinensis (Black-naped Oriole)1
Oriolus xanthonotus (Dark-throated Oriole)1
Oriolus xanthornus (Black-hooded Oriole)1
Penthetor lucasi (Lucas's short-nosed fruit bat)1
Pongo pygmaeus (orangutan)1
Presbytis potenziani (Mentawai leaf monkey)1
Prionochilus maculatus (Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker)1
Prionochilus percussus (Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker)1
Prionochilus thoracicus (Scarlet-breasted Flowerpecker)1
Prionochilus xanthopygius (Yellow-rumped Flowerpecker)1
Psittacula longicauda (Long-tailed Parakeet)1
Pteropus giganteus (Indian flying fox)1
Pteropus vampyrus (large flying fox)1
Pycnonotus atriceps (Black-headed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus brunneus (Asian Red-eyed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus cyaniventris (Grey-bellied Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus erythropthalmos (Spectacled Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus eutilotus (Puff-backed Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus goiavier (Yellow-vented Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus melanicterus (Black-crested Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus plumosus (Olive-winged Bulbul)1
Pycnonotus simplex (Cream-vented Bulbul)1
Ratufa bicolor (black giant squirrel)1
Rhinoplax vigil (Helmeted Hornbill)1
Rhyticeros undulatus (Wreathed Hornbill)1
Rusa unicolor (sambar)1
Setornis criniger (Hook-billed Bulbul)1
Sundasciurus tenuis (slender squirrel)1
Sus scrofa (wild boar)1
Tamiops rodolphii (Cambodian striped squirrel)1
Treron bicinctus (Orange-breasted Green Pigeon)1
Treron capellei (Large Green Pigeon)1
Treron curvirostra (Thick-billed Green Pigeon)1
Treron phoenicopterus (Yellow-footed Green Pigeon)1
Treron vernans (Pink-necked Green Pigeon)1
Trichoglossus haematodus (Coconut Lorikeet)1
Tricholestes criniger (Hairy-backed Bulbul)1
Tupaia minor (Pygmy Treeshrew)1
Varanus olivaceus (Gray’s Monitor Lizard)1
Zosterops palpebrosus (Oriental White-eye)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Hymenolepis mahonae <Unverified Name>[4]

Distribution

Mae Yuam Wildlife Sanctuary;

Audio

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Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1ALI, S. & S.D. RIPLEY (1983): Handbook of Birds of India and Pakistan. Oxford University Press, New Delhi. 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2