Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Passeriformes > Paridae > Poecile > Poecile carolinensis
 

Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)

Synonyms: Parus carolinensis

Wikipedia Abstract

The Carolina Chickadee (Poecile carolinensis) is a small passerine bird in the tit family Paridae. It is often placed in the genus Parus with most other tits, but mtDNA cytochrome b sequence data and morphology suggest that separating Poecile more adequately expresses these birds' relationships (Gill et al. , 2005). The American Ornithologists' Union has been treating Poecile as distinct genus for some time already.
View Wikipedia Record: Poecile carolinensis

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
9
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
27
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.55156
EDGE Score: 2.14611

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  10 grams
Birth Weight [2]  1 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [3]  6
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Incubation [1]  13 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  11 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Antietam National Battlefield III 3263 Maryland, United States
Arkansas Post National Memorial National Monument V 424 Arkansas, United States
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Big Thicket Biosphere Reserve National Park II 616880 Texas, United States
Blackbeard Island National Wildlife Refuge IV 4842 Georgia, United States
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge VI 19192 Maryland, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
Cape Hatteras National Seashore II 21476 North Carolina, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge IV 8964 South Carolina, United States
Carl Sandburg Home National Hist. Site National Historic Site III 271 North Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area V 7622 Georgia, United States
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Chickasaw National Recreation Area V 7025 Oklahoma, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States
Fort Caroline National Memorial III 137 Florida, United States
Fort Larned National Historic Site III 706 Kansas, United States
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
George WA Carver National Monument V 210 Missouri, United States
George Washington Birthplace National Monument V 435 Virginia, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Grandfather Mountain State Park   North Carolina, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Guilford Courthouse National Military Park V 216 North Carolina, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Hot Springs National Park II 5740 Arkansas, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge VI 28351 Louisiana, United States
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area V   Texas, United States
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial III 96 Indiana, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Little St. Simons Island   Georgia, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Manassas National Battlefield Park III 5132 Virginia, United States
Moores Creek National Battlefield III 100 North Carolina, United States
Mount Mitchell State Park   North Carolina, United States
National Capital Parks - Central National Park   District of Columbia, United States
National Capital Region - East National Park   District of Columbia, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Ocmulgee National Monument V 693 Georgia, United States
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Ozark National Scenic Riverways National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 54621 Missouri, United States
Prince William Forest Park 19378 District of Columbia, United States
Rock Creek Park   District of Columbia, United States
Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge VI 23844 Oklahoma, United States
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park VI 854 Texas, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Stones River National Battlefield III 518 Tennessee, United States
Thomas Stone National Historic Site   Maryland, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Vicksburg National Military Park V 1651 Mississippi, United States
Virginia Coast Biosphere Reserve 33386 Virginia, United States  
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States
Wilson's Creek National Battlefield V   Missouri, United States

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)[4]
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (Common Ragweed)[4]
Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[4]
Argiope aurantia (black-and-yellow argiope)[4]
Betula nigra (river birch)[4]
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)[4]
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (black carpenter ant)[4]
Diapheromera femorata (Common American Walkingstick)[4]
Eurosta solidaginis (Goldenrod gall fly)[4]
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)[4]
Malacosoma americana (Eastern tent caterpillar)[4]
Melanoplus differentialis (Differential Grasshopper)[4]
Micrathena gracilis (Spined micrathena)[4]
Misumena vatia (flower spider)[4]
Odontopus calceatus (Sassafras weevil)[4]
Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine)[4]
Rabidosa rabida (Rabid wolf spider)[4]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[4]
Triatoma sanguisuga (Eastern blood-sucking cone)[4]
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)[4]
Vespula maculifrons (eastern yellowjacket)[4]
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)[4]
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)[4]
Pinus strobus (Eastern white pine)[4]
Platanus mexicana (American sycamore)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)4
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)5
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)1
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)3
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)4
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)4
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)11
Apis mellifera (honey bee)2
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)6
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)12
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)2
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)3
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)6
Carduelis tristis (American Goldfinch)7
Castor canadensis (american beaver)8
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)1
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)10
Coluber constrictor (Eastern Racer)1
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)4
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)9
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)5
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)3
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)4
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)6
Eurycea guttolineata (Three-lined Salamander)1
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)3
Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Greenhouse thrip)2
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)1
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)1
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)7
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)9
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)15
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)8
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)1
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)6
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)7
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)7
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)7
Neotoma floridana (eastern woodrat)1
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)8
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)2
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)9
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)11
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)8
Plethodon cinereus (Eastern Red-backed Salamander)5
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)1
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)7
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)4
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)3
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)1
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)5
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)4
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)8
Sciurus griseus (western gray squirrel)1
Sciurus niger (eastern fox squirrel)2
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)5
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)9
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)4
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)9
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)7
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)4
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)1
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)8
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)10
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)3
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)5
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)4

Predators

Strix varia (Barred Owl)[4]

Providers

Shelter 
Acer rubrum (red maple)[4]
Asclepias syriaca (broadleaf milkweed)[4]
Cirsium vulgare (Spear Thistle)[4]
Digitaria ischaemum (small crabgrass)[4]
Juniperus virginiana (Eastern Red-cedar)[4]
Leucobryum glaucum (leucobryum moss)[4]
Panicum virgatum (old switch panic grass)[4]
Prunus serotina (Black Cherry)[4]
Quercus phellos (Willow Oak)[4]
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)[4]
Robinia pseudoacacia (Post locust)[4]
Salix nigra (black willow)[4]
Typha latifolia (Reedmace)[4]
Ulmus americana (American elm)[4]
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)[4]
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)[4]
Pinus strobus (Eastern white pine)[4]
Platanus mexicana (American sycamore)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)[4]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Tennessee Aquarium

Range Map

Link to Map
North America;

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by Birds Of A Feather on Myxer

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2013-11-04, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2