Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Piciformes > Ramphastidae > Andigena > Andigena nigrirostris
 

Andigena nigrirostris (Black-billed Mountain Toucan)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Black-billed Mountain Toucan (Andigena nigrirostris) is a species of bird in the Ramphastidae family. It is found in humid highland forests in the Andes of western Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and far northern Peru. It is the only mountain-toucan with a white throat. Despite its name, only the nominate subspecies has an entirely black bill, while both A. n. occidentalis and A. n. spilorhyncha have bills that are chestnut and black.
View Wikipedia Record: Andigena nigrirostris

Infraspecies

Andigena nigrirostris nigrirostris (Eastern black-bill mountain toucan)
Andigena nigrirostris occidentalis (Western black-bill mountain toucan)
Andigena nigrirostris spilorhynchus (Central black-bill mountain toucan)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
5
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
20
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 4.72155
EDGE Score: 1.74424

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Cauca Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Venezuelan Andes montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Cayambe-Coca Ecological Reserve VI 921676 Ecuador  
Parque Nacional Guaramacal National Park II 62675 Venezuela  
Podocarpus National Park II 364096 Ecuador  
Reserva Natural Tambito   Colombia        

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Map   Climate   Land Use 
Alto Quindío Colombia A1, A2, A3
Bosques del Oriente de Risaralda Colombia A1, A2, A3
Bosques Montanos del Sur de Antioquia Colombia A1, A2
Cerro La Judía Colombia A1, A2
Cordillera de Huacamayos-San Isidro-Sierra Azul Ecuador A1, A2, A3
Cuenca del Río Toche Colombia A1, A2, A3
Lagunas Bombona y Vancouver Colombia A1, A2
Montañas de Zapote-Najda Ecuador A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional El Tamá Venezuela A1, A2, A3, A4ii
Parque Nacional Guaramacal Venezuela A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Llanganates Ecuador A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Natural Chingaza Colombia A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Natural Munchique Colombia A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Natural Puracé Colombia A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Natural Tatamá Colombia A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Podocarpus Ecuador A1, A2, A3
Parque Nacional Sangay Ecuador A1, A2, A3
Parque Natural Regional Páramo del Duende Colombia A1
Refugio de Fauna Silvestre y Reserva de Pesca Parque Nacional Dinira Venezuela A1, A2, A3
Reserva Hidrográfica, Forestal y Parque Ecológico de Río Blanco Colombia A1, A2, A3
Reserva Natural Ibanasca Colombia A1, A2, A3
Reserva Natural Semillas de Agua Colombia A1, A2
Reserva Natural Tambito Colombia A1, A2, A3
Reservas Comunitarias de Roncesvalles Colombia A1, A2, A3
Serranía de los Churumbelos Colombia A1, A2, A3
Serranía de los Paraguas Colombia A1, A2, A3

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Tropical Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela Yes

Range Map

Link to Map

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by Xeno-canto under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 2.5 License Author: Andrew Spencer

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2005-12-27, in Catalog of Life 2011
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Important Bird Areas provided by BirdLife International (2010) Important Bird Areas. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/12/2010
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2