Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Falconiformes > Falconidae > Caracara > Caracara plancus
 

Caracara plancus (Southern Crested Caracara; Southern Caracara)

Synonyms: Polyborus plancus; Polyborus plancus plancus
Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The Southern Crested Caracara (Caracara plancus), also known as the Southern Caracara or Carancho, is a bird of prey in the family Falconidae. The classification of this species and name have evolved. It was formerly placed in the genus Polyborus. The use of the name formerly extended to two subspecies: the Northern Caracara (C. cheriway) of the southern United States, Mexico, Central America and northern South America, and the extinct Guadalupe Caracara (C. lutosa) as subspecies.
View Wikipedia Record: Caracara plancus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
12
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
31
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 10.0322
EDGE Score: 2.40082

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  2.97 lbs (1.35 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  76 grams
Clutch Size [3]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  38 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Araya and Paria xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Atlantic Coast restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Atlantic dry forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bahamoan-Antillean mangroves Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Haiti, Dominican Republic Neotropic Mangroves      
Bahia coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Bahia interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Balsas dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Beni savanna Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Bolivian montane dry forests Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Bolivian Yungas Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Caatinga Brazil Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Campos Rupestres montane savanna Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Catatumbo moist forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cauca Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American Atlantic moist forests Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American dry forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Central American montane forests Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Central American pine-oak forests Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cerrado Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Chiapas Depression dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Chiapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chimalapas montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Chiquitano dry forests Bolivia, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera La Costa montane forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cordillera Oriental montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests Costa Rica Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban cactus scrub Cuba Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Cuban dry forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Cuban moist forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Cuban pine forests Cuba Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests  
Cuban wetlands Cuba Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests Ecuador, Colombia, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Ecuadorian dry forests Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands  
Guayaquil flooded grasslands Ecuador Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Guianan Freshwater swamp forests Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan Highlands moist forests Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan moist forests Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Brazil, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Guianan savanna Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gurupa varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Iquitos varzea Brazil, Peru, Bolivia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Jalisco dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
La Costa xeric shrublands Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Lara-Falcón dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Lesser Antillean dry forests Grenada, St. Lucia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Llanos Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Magdalena Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena Valley montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Marañón dry forests Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Maracaibo dry forests Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Marajó varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Maranhao Babatu forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Mato Grosso seasonal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Monte Alegre varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Motagua Valley thornscrub Guatemala Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Northeastern Brazil restingas Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Northwestern Andean montane forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Oaxacan montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco Delta swamp forests Venezuela, Guyana Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Orinoco wetlands Venezuela Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Panamanian dry forests Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pantanal Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay Neotropic Flooded Grasslands and Savannas
Pantanos de Centla Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pantepuis Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Paraguana xeric scrub Venezuela Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Patía Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Pernambuco interior forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Petén-Veracruz moist forests Mexico, Guatemala, Belize Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Purus varzea Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Santa Marta montane forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sechura desert Peru Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Serra do Mar coastal forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra de los Tuxtlas Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sinaloan dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sinú Valley dry forests Colombia Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sonoran-Sinaloan transition subtropical dry forest Mexico Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southern Pacific dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Talamancan montane forests Costa Rica, Panama Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tehuacán Valley matorral Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Tocantins/Pindare moist forests Brazil Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests Trinidad and Tobago Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Tumbes-Piura dry forests Ecuador, Peru Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Uruguayan savanna Uruguay, Brazil, Argentina Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Venezuelan Andes montane forests Colombia, Venezuela Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz moist forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Veracruz montane forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Ecuador moist forests Colombia, Ecuador Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  
Yucatán dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Augusto Ruschi Biological Reserve Ia 8848 Espirito Santo, Brazil  
Ñacunday National Park II 5435 Paraguay  
Bañados del Este Wetland Reserve 986054 Uruguay  
Big Bend Biosphere Reserve National Park II 815561 Texas, United States
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Bosque Mbaracayú Biosphere Reserve V 691895 Paraguay  
Bosques Petrificados Monumental Natural National Monument III 151218 Santa Cruz, Argentina  
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Caaguazú National Park II 33073 Paraguay  
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Caparaó National Park II 78887 Espirito Santo, Brazil
Carapá Biological Refuge IV 9071 Paraguay  
Carmo State Ecological Reserve   Brazil      
Cerro Corá National Park II 31326 Paraguay  
Cinaruco-Capanaparo National Park II 1664173 Venezuela  
Defensores del Chaco National Park II 1792493 Paraguay  
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
El Palmar National Park II   Entre Rios, Argentina  
El Rey National Park II 110298 Salta, Argentina
Estacion Biologica Beni Biosphere Reserve VI 335178 Bolivia  
Estancia el Trebol   Paraguay      
Everglades and Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve   Florida, United States  
Itabó Biological Reserve IV 34092 Paraguay  
Itatiaia National Park II 69730 Minas Gerais, Brazil  
Kuri'y National Reserve Natural Monument III 4972 Paraguay  
Lago Puelo National Park II 47607 Chubut, Argentina
Laguna Blanca National Park II 19735 Neuquen, Argentina  
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Limoy Biological Reserve IV 33774 Paraguay  
Linhares State Forest Reserve   Brazil      
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
Los Glaciares National Park II 1329020 Santa Cruz, Argentina
Macizo Acahay Natural Monument III 6320 Paraguay  
Madidi National Park II 3194501 Bolivia  
Maracá Ecological Reserve Ia 257554 Roraima, Brazil  
Mbaracayú Biological Refuge IV 4039 Paraguay  
Mburucuyá National Park II   Corrientes, Argentina  
Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve VI 814711 Chiapas, Mexico  
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Noel Kempff Mercado National Park II 4006523 Bolivia  
Organ Pipe Cactus Biosphere Reserve 327376 Arizona, United States  
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Palo Verde National Park II 46190 Costa Rica  
Parque Atlantico Mar Chiquita Nature Reserve VI 706059 Cordoba, Argentina  
Parque Nacional Henri Pittier National Park 218030 Venezuela  
Parque Nacional Iguazú National Park II 115949 Argentina  
Parque Nacional Serranía San Luis National Park II 29816 Paraguay  
Parque Nacional Torres del Paine National Park II 542393 Magallanes, Chile  
Paso Bravo National Park 256207 Paraguay  
Perito Moreno National Park II 234320 Santa Cruz, Argentina  
Pikyry Biological Refuge IV 2898 Paraguay  
Río Negro National Park II 73775 Paraguay  
Río Pilcomayo National Park II 123699 Formosa, Argentina
Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve   Honduras      
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva del Noroeste Biosphere Reserve 571807 Peru  
Reserva Natural Otamendi Strict Nature Reserve Ia   Buenos Aires, Argentina  
San Rafael, Reserva de Recursos Manejados Managed Resource Reserve VI 165840 Paraguay  
Serra da Canastra National Park II 491304 Minas Gerais, Brazil  
Serra do Cipó National Park II 78590 Minas Gerais, Brazil  
Serra dos Orgãos National Park II 26072 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  
Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta (incl. Tayrona NP) National Park II 1031303 Colombia  
Sooretama Biological Reserve Ia 69202 Espirito Santo, Brazil  
Sumidouro State Park II 3292 Minas Gerais, Brazil  
Tatí Yupí Biological Refuge IV 5052 Paraguay  
Tierra Del Fuego National Park II 172861 Argentina
Tinfunqué National Park 607935 Paraguay  
Ybycu'í National Park II 13915 Paraguay  
Ypacaraí National Park II 38504 Paraguay  
Ypoa National Park 303997 Paraguay  
Yvytyruzu Managed Resources Reserve Managed Resource Reserve VI 63491 Paraguay  

Prey / Diet

Auliscomys micropus (southern big-eared mouse)[4]
Bokermannohyla alvarengai[5]
Chloephaga picta (Upland Goose)[6]
Ctenomys haigi (Haig's tuco-tuco)[4]
Dasypus pilosus (Hairy Long-nosed Armadillo)[4]
Eligmodontia typus (highland gerbil mouse)[4]
Lama guanicoe (guanaco)[4]
Lepus europaeus (European Hare)[4]
Leucocarbo albiventer (King cormorant)[6]
Marmosa pusilla[4]
Mauritia flexuosa (muriti)[7]
Oryctolagus cuniculus (European Rabbit)[4]
Ovis aries (mouflon)[4]
Pachyptila belcheri (Slender-billed Prion)[6]
Phyllotis darwini (Darwin's leaf-eared mouse)[4]
Reithrodon auritus (bunny rat)[4]
Zaedyus pichiy (Pichi)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Amazona aestiva (Turquoise-fronted Amazon)1
Ara ararauna (Blue-and-yellow Macaw)1
Ara chloropterus (Red-and-green Macaw)1
Ara macao (Scarlet Macaw)1
Asio flammeus (Short-eared Owl)1
Athene cunicularia (Burrowing Owl)2
Bubo virginianus (Great Horned Owl)3
Buteo polyosoma (Variable Hawk)4
Callithrix penicillata (black-pencilled marmoset)1
Chrysocyon brachyurus (Maned Wolf)1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)1
Cyanocorax cristatellus (Curl-crested Jay)1
Elanus leucurus (White-tailed Kite)1
Felis silvestris (Wildcat)1
Galictis cuja (Lesser Grison)2
Geranoaetus melanoleucus (Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle)5
Gnorimopsar chopi (Chopi Blackbird)1
Harpyhaliaetus coronatus (Crowned Solitary Eagle)1
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)1
Lycalopex griseus (South American Gray Fox)2
Lycalopex gymnocercus (Pampas Fox)1
Orthopsittaca manilata (Red-bellied Macaw)1
Parabuteo unicinctus (Harris's Hawk)2
Pecari tajacu (collared peccary)1
Phalcoboenus australis (Striated Caracara)2
Phalcoboenus megalopterus (Mountain Caracara)1
Pithecia albicans (buffy saki)1
Pseudoscops clamator (Striped Owl)1
Schistochlamys melanopis (Black-faced Tanager)1
Strix rufipes (Rufous-legged Owl)1
Tapirus terrestris (South American tapir)1
Tayassu pecari (white-lipped peccary)1
Thraupis palmarum (Palm Tanager)1
Tyto alba (Barn Owl)2
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Microparyphium facetum <Unverified Name>[8]
Neodiplostomum americanum <Unverified Name>[8]
Neodiplostomum attenuatum <Unverified Name>[8]
Prosthogonimus ovatus[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)auduboni
African Safari
Albuquerque Biological Park
Aquarium of the Pacific, Long Beachcheriway
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museumauduboni
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Badoca Safari Park
Barranquilla Zoo
Beale Park
Bird Park Marlow
Brevard Zoo
Cameron Park Zoo
Dartmoor Zoological Park
Dept. of National Zoological Gardens
Dierenpark 'De Vleut' (Zoo Best)
Fort Worth Zoological Park
Fundacao Parque Zoologico de Sao Paulo
Fundacion Zoologica de Cali
Fundacion Zoologico Santacruz
Gladys Porter Zoo
Grand Parc Du Puy Du Fou
 auduboni
Guadalajara Zooauduboni
Homosassa Springs Wildlife State Park
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Jardin Zoologico de Cdad.Buenos Airesplancus
John Ball Zoological Garden
Jurong Birdpark, Singapore
Le Pal, Parc Animalier
Miejski Ogrod Zoologiczny Wybrzeza
Monde Sauvage Safari SPRL
National SEA LIFE Centre
Oasys Parque del Desierto de Tabernas
Olmense Zoo
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Paysager Et Animalier Du Reynou
Parc Zoologique d'Amiens
Parc Zoologique d'Amneville
Parco Natura Viva
Parque Zoologico Jaime Duque - Bogota
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Safaripark Beekse Bergen
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
The Hawk Conservancy
The Living Desert Zoo and Gardensauduboni
Thuringer Zoopark Erfurt
Trotter's World of Animals
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)
Zoo de Fuengirola (Rain Forest SL)
Zoo de La Fleche
Zoo Dortmund
Zoo of Antwerp
Zoo Parc de Beauval
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaia
Zoological Center Tel Aviv - Ramat Gan
Zoologicka zahrada Ostrava
Zoologicka zahrada Bojnicecheriway
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora
Zoologischer Garten Frankfurtcheriway
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding

Range Map

Patfa Valley dry forests; Serra do Cipo National Park; Serra dos Orgaos National Park; South America;

Audio

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Provided by Xeno-canto under a Creative Commons BY-NC-ND 2.5 License Author: Rosendo Fraga

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Banks R.C., 2011-09-22, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Food habits of the Crested Caracara (Caracara plancus) in the Andean Patagonia: the role of breeding constraints, A. Travaini, J. A. Donázar, O. Ceballos & F. Hiraldo, Journal of Arid Environments (2001) 48: 211–219 5Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177 6Population growth and density, diet and breeding success of striated caracaras Phalcoboenus australis on New Island, Falkland Islands, Paulo Catry, Miguel Lecoq, Ian J. Strange, Polar Biology Volume 31, Number 10, 1167-1174 7Avian frugivores feeding on Mauritia flexuosa (Arecaceae) fruits in Central Brazil, Manrique Prada Villalobos and Marcelo Araújo Bagno, Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 20(1), 26‐29 (2012) 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2