Animalia > Chordata > Amphibia > Anura > Hylidae > Pseudacris > Pseudacris crucifer
 

Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)

Synonyms: Hyla crucifer; Hyla crucifer bartramiana; Hyla crucifer crucifer; Hyla crucifera bartramiana; Hylodes pickeringii; Parapseudacris crucifer; Pseudacris crucifer bartramiana; Pseudacris crucifer crucifer
Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The spring peeper (Pseudacris crucifer) is a small chorus frog widespread throughout the eastern USA and Canada.
View Wikipedia Record: Pseudacris crucifer

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
4
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 9.88
EDGE Score: 2.39

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  4 grams
Female Maturity [2]  2 years 6 months
Male Maturity [2]  2 years 6 months
Arboreal [1]  Yes
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Gestation [2]  10 days
Hibernates [1]  Yes
Litter Size [2]  700
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Water Biome [1]  Lakes and Ponds, Temporary Pools

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Antietam National Battlefield III 3263 Maryland, United States
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge VI 19192 Maryland, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area V 7622 Georgia, United States
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
George Washington Birthplace National Monument V 435 Virginia, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Guilford Courthouse National Military Park V 216 North Carolina, United States
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Hope College Biology Nature Preserve 55 Michigan, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Isle Royale Biosphere Reserve Ib 571799 Michigan, United States
Jean Lafitte National Hist. Park & Preserve National Historical Park II 17686 Louisiana, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kejimkujik Seaside Adjunct National Park II 4970 Nova Scotia, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Little River National Wildlife Refuge   Oklahoma, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
Mount Mitchell State Park   North Carolina, United States
National Capital Region - East National Park   District of Columbia, United States
Ocmulgee National Monument V 693 Georgia, United States
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Point Pelee National Park II 5764 Ontario, Canada
Prince Edward Island National Park II   Prince Edward Island, Canada  
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States        
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site III 139 New Hampshire, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States
Woodland Caribou Provincial Wilderness Park Provincial Park II 1072124 Ontario, Canada

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Aedes albopictus (forest day mosquito)[3]
Armadillidium vulgare (pillbug)[3]
Calliphora vomitoria (Blue bottle fly)[3]
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (black carpenter ant)[3]
Cicindela sexguttata (Six-spotted Tiger Beetle)[3]
Daphnia ambigua (Water flea)[3]
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)[3]
Hyalella azteca (Scud)[3]
Ischnura posita (Fragile forktail)[3]
Macrocyclops albidus (Copepod)[3]
Melanoplus differentialis (Differential Grasshopper)[3]
Odontopus calceatus (Sassafras weevil)[3]
Phidippus audax (Daring Jumping Spider)[3]
Pterostichus melanarius (Common black ground beetle)[3]
Rabidosa rabida (Rabid wolf spider)[3]
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)[3]
Tuberolachnus salignus[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)6
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)1
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)2
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)10
Ameiurus melas (Black bullhead)1
Ameiurus natalis (Yellow bullhead)3
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)2
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)14
Anguilla rostrata (American eel)2
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)4
Aythya affinis (Lesser Scaup)1
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)3
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)3
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)3
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)6
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)6
Coluber constrictor (Eastern Racer)1
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)1
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)6
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)3
Cyprinus carpio (Common carp)2
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)3
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)1
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)5
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)2
Eurycea guttolineata (Three-lined Salamander)7
Gambusia holbrooki (Bore-drain fish)4
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)5
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)1
Hypentelium nigricans (Northern hog sucker)3
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)2
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)2
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)3
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)12
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)12
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)8
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)4
Micropterus salmoides (Northern largemouth bass)4
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)4
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)5
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)7
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)3
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)9
Perca flavescens (Yellow perch)1
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)3
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)5
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)7
Plethodon cinereus (Eastern Red-backed Salamander)6
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)4
Pomoxis nigromaculatus (Strawberry bass)1
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)3
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)2
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)3
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)6
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)1
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)3
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)5
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)6
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)4
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)4
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)3
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)6
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)8
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)1
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)3
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)4

Predators

Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)[3]
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)[3]
Anax junius (green darner)[3]
Corydalus cornutus (dobsonfly)[3]
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)[3]
Etheostoma olmstedi (Tessellated darter)[3]
Heterodon platirhinos (Eastern Hognose Snake)[3]
Libellula lydia (Common whitetail)[3]
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)[3]
Nerodia sipedon (Northern Water Snake)[3]
Notemigonus crysoleucas (Golden shiner minnow)[3]
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)[3]
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)[3]
Salmo trutta (Brown trout)[4]
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)[3]
Semotilus atromaculatus (Horned dace)[3]
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)[3]

Providers

Shelter 
Acer rubrum (red maple)[3]
Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[3]
Carex stricta (upright sedge)[3]
Chenopodium album (lambsquarters goosefoot)[3]
Flavoparmelia caperata (flavoparmelia lichen)[3]
Fragaria virginiana (Virginia Strawberry)[3]
Hamamelis virginiana (American witchhazel)[3]
Juniperus virginiana (Eastern Red-cedar)[3]
Lemna minor (common duckweed)[3]
Lindera benzoin (northern spicebush)[3]
Osmundastrum cinnamomeum (cinnamon fern)[3]
Panicum virgatum (old switch panic grass)[3]
Phragmites australis (common reed)[3]
Pontederia cordata (Pickerel Weed)[3]
Pteridium aquilinum (northern bracken fern)[3]
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)[3]
Smilax rotundifolia (Horse Brier)[3]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[3]
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Agamascaris odontocephala <Unverified Name>[5]
Alaria mustelae[5]
Centrorhynchus cystacanth <Unverified Name>[5]
Fibricola texensis[5]
Glypthelmins pennsylvaniensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Glypthelmins quieta <Unverified Name>[5]
Megalodiscus temperatus[5]
Oswaldocruzia pipiens <Unverified Name>[5]
Rhabdias ranae <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Buttonwood Park Zoo
Central Florida Zoological Park
ECHO Lake Aquarium & Science Center
Museum of Science - Live Animal Center
Toledo Zoological Gardens
 crucifer
Western North Carolina Nature Center

Range Map

Link to Map
North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by McDiarmid R.W., 2009-09-01, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 4Anurans as prey: an exploratory analysis and size relationships between predators and their prey, L. F. Toledo, R. S. Ribeiro & C. F. B. Haddad, Journal of Zoology 271 (2007) 170–177 5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), Conservation International & NatureServe.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011