Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Cetacea > Delphinidae > Tursiops > Tursiops truncatus
 

Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin; Bottlenose Dolphin)

Synonyms: Delphinus truncatus; Tursiops gephyreus
Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

Tursiops truncatus, commonly known as the common bottlenose dolphin or the Atlantic bottlenose dolphin (and in older literature simply as the bottlenose dolphin, a term now applied to the genus), is the most well-known species from the family Delphinidae.Common bottlenose dolphins are the most familiar dolphins due to the wide exposure they receive in captivity in marine parks and dolphinaria, and in movies and television programs. T. truncatus is the largest species of the beaked dolphins.
View Wikipedia Record: Tursiops truncatus

Infraspecies

Tursiops truncatus gillii (Cowfish)
Tursiops truncatus ponticus (Black Sea Bottlenose Dolphin)
Tursiops truncatus truncatus (Bottlenose Dolphin)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
21
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 7.48
EDGE Score: 2.14

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  440.93 lbs (200.00 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  42.66 lbs (19.35 kg)
Female Maturity [2]  7 years 9 months
Male Maturity [2]  10 years 1 month
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Gestation [2]  1 year
Litter Size [2]  1
Litters / Year [2]  1
Maximum Longevity [2]  52 years
Nocturnal [1]  Yes
Speed [3]  21.74 MPH (9.718 m/s)
Water Biome [1]  Pelagic, Coastal, Brackish Water
Weaning [2]  1 year 6 months

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, DELTA LOUROU KAI ARACHTHOU (PETRA, MYTIKAS, EVRYTERI PERIOCHI) 71136 Greece  
AMVRAKIKOS KOLPOS, LIMNOTHALASSA KATAFOURKO KAI KORAKONISIA 56861 Greece  
ASTYPALAIA: ANATOLIKO TMIMA, GYRO NISIDES KAI OFIDOUSSA KAI THALASSIA ZONI (AKR. LANTRA - AKR. VRYSI 17365 Greece    
Aiguamolls de l'Alt Empordà 26765 Spain  
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Archipelago de Colon Biosphere Reserve 34336011 Galapagos Islands, Ecuador  
Arcipelago delle Eolie - area marina e terrestre 98800 Italy    
Arcipelago delle Pelagie - area marina e terrestre 31419 Italy    
Area Marina del Nord de Menorca 12631 Spain    
Arxipèlag de Cabrera 50735 Spain  
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Badies de Pollença i Alcúdia 75991 Spain    
Banc d'Arguin National Park II 2949017 Mauritania
Banco Chinchorro Biosphere Reserve VI 358906 Mexico    
Berbak National Park II 423927 Sumatra, Indonesia
Berwickshire and North Northumberland Coast 160731 England/Scotland, United Kingdom  
Buenavista Wetland Reserve 778949 Cuba    
Cabo Busto-Luanco 28662 Spain    
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cap Enderrocat-cap Blanc 17495 Spain  
Cap de Creus 34210 Spain  
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge IV 8964 South Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Costes del Garraf 65418 Spain  
Croajingolong National Park II 217067 Victoria, Australia
DELTA ACHELOOU, LIMNOTHALASSA MESOLONGIOU - AITOLIKOU, EKVOLES EVINOU, NISOI ECHINADES, NISOS PETALA 87747 Greece  
DYTIKES AKTES KEFALONIAS - STENO KEFALONIAS ITHAKIS - VOREIA ITHAKI (AKROTIRIA GERO GKOMPOS - DRAKOU 46314 Greece    
DYTIKES KAI VOREIOANATOLIKES AKTES ZAKYNTHOU 52928 Greece  
Delta de l'Ebre 119562 Spain  
ESOTERIKO ARCHIPELAGOS IONIOU (MEGANISI, ARKOUDI, ATOKOS, VROMONAS) 218276 Greece  
ESTRECHO 47388 Spain  
ETHNIKO THALASSIO PARKO ALONNISOU - VOREION SPORADON, ANATOLIKI SKOPELOS 615652 Greece      
El Montgrí- Les Medes - El Baix Ter 15712 Spain  
Estuário do Sado 60868 Portugal  
FENGARI SAMOTHRAKIS, ANATOLIKES AKTES, VRACHONISSIDA ZOURAFA KAI THALASSIA ZONI 40619 Greece  
Fal and Helford 15785 England, United Kingdom    
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Fondali marini di Ischia, Procida e Vivara 15113 Italy    
Fondali marini di Punta Campanella e Capri 20982 Italy  
Gulf Island National Seashore II 67487 Florida, Mississippi, United States
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 177278 Hawaii, United States
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
IKARIA - FOURNOI KAI PARAKTIA ZONI 31899 Greece  
Ilhas Desertas 27927 Portugal      
Illes Columbretes 30409 Spain      
Illots de Benidorm i Serra Gelada 15302 Spain  
Isla Mujeres, Punta Cancun y Punta Nizuc National Park II 21428 Quintana Roo, Mexico    
Isola di Capraia - area terrestre e marina 45475 Italy    
Isola di Giannutri - area terrestre e marina 27236 Italy  
Isola di Gorgona - area terrestre e marina 36616 Italy    
Isola di Montecristo e Formica di Montecristo - area terrestre e marina 38259 Italy  
Isola di Pianosa - area terrestre e marina 13586 Italy  
Isole di Ponza, Palmarola, Zannone, Ventotene e S. Stefano 42423 Italy  
KOLPOS LAGANA ZAKYNTHOU (AKR. GERAKI - KERI) KAI NISIDES MARATHONISI KAI PELOUZO 17193 Greece  
Karadagskiy Zapovednik Nature Zapovednik 13876 Ukraine  
Kinloch and Kyleakin Hills 13015 Scotland, United Kingdom  
LIMNOS: CHORTAROLIMNI - LIMNI ALYKI KAI THALASSIA PERIOCHI 45051 Greece    
LIMNOS: LIMNES CHORTAROLIMNI KAI ALYKI, KOLPOS MOUDROU, ELOS DIAPORI KAI CHERSONISOS FAKOS 40260 Greece    
Laguna di Marano e Grado 40434 Italy  
Litoral del Baix Empordà 8234 Spain  
Luce Bay and Sands 120487 Scotland, United Kingdom
Massís de les Cadiretes 22791 Spain  
Mochima National Park 206087 Venezuela  
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Morecambe Bay 151985 England, United Kingdom
Mu Ko Surin National Park Marine National Park II 39278 Thailand    
NISOI PAXOI KAI ANTIPAXOI 13961 Greece  
NISOI SAPIENTZA KAI SCHIZA, AKROTIRIO AKRITAS 27903 Greece  
PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI APO AKR. KYLLINI EOS TOUMPI - KALOGRIA 32535 Greece  
PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI APO ARGOSTOLI EOS VLACHATA (KEFALONIA) KAI ORMOS MOUNTA 9232 Greece  
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Parco marino di Punta degli Infreschi 12143 Italy  
Parco marino di S. Maria di Castellabate 12402 Italy  
Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol 341177 Wales, United Kingdom  
Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau 360832 Wales, United Kingdom
Penarronda-Barayo 10544 Spain    
Plymouth Sound and Estuaries 15820 England, United Kingdom
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve VI 1312618 Mexico  
Ría de Ribadesella-Ría de Tinamayor 14302 Spain    
Santee Coastal Reserve and Washo Reserve State Habitat Area IV 20850 South Carolina, United States  
Sarstoon Temash National Park II 42082 Belize  
Sefton Coast 11278 England, United Kingdom
Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera 40611 Spain  
Shell Flat and Lune Deep 26107 England, United Kingdom
Solway Firth 107829 England/Scotland, United Kingdom
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
South Uist Machair 8482 Scotland, United Kingdom
Start Point to Plymouth Sound & Eddystone 84204 England, United Kingdom  
Torre Manfria, Biviere e Piana di Gela 44096 Italy  
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  
VOREIA CHIOS KAI NISOI OINOUSSES KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI 85029 Greece  
VOREIOANATOLIKO AKRO KRITIS: DIONYSADES, ELASA KAI CHERSONISOS SIDERO (AKRA MAVRO MOURI - VAI - AKRA 32303 Greece    
Virgin Islands Biosphere Reserve 15148 Virgin Islands, United States  
Waddensea Area Nature Reserve with Management Subsidy IV 600666 Netherlands  
Waddenzee 672193 Netherlands    
Wilson's Promontory National Park II 119279 Victoria, Australia
Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay 65440 Wales, United Kingdom  

Prey / Diet

Alloteuthis subulata (European Common Squid)[4]
Alpheus glaber (red snapping shrimp)[4]
Amphistichus argenteus (Barred surfperch)[5]
Anchoa hepsetus (Broad-striped anchovy)[4]
Archosargus probatocephalus (Southern sheeps head)[4]
Argyrosomus regius (Meagre)[4]
Atherina presbyter (common sand smelt)[4]
Bairdiella chrysoura (Silver perch)[4]
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)[4]
Callinectes sapidus (blue crab)[4]
Caranx hippos (Yellow cavalli)[4]
Cepola macrophthalma (Red bandfish)[4]
Chromis punctipinnis (Blacksmith chromis)[5]
Conger conger (Conger)[4]
Crangon crangon (common shrimp)[4]
Cymatogaster aggregata (Shiner)[5]
Cynoscion regalis (Weakfish)[4]
Dicentrarchus labrax (White salmon)[4]
Diplodus holbrookii (Spottail seabream)[4]
Doryteuthis opalescens (california market squid)[5]
Doryteuthis pleii (arrow squid)[6]
Dules auriga[4]
Electrona carlsbergi (Electron subantarctic)[7]
Eledone cirrhosa (Curled octopus)[4]
Eledone moschata (musky octopus)[4]
Elops saurus (Ladyfish)[4]
Embiotoca jacksoni (Black perch)[5]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[4]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[5]
Engraulis ringens (Anchoveta)[8]
Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill)[7]
Gadiculus argenteus (Silvery pout)[4]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[4]
Galeichthys peruvianus (Peruvian sea catfish)[8]
Genyonemus lineatus (White croaker)[5]
Gerres cinereus (Yellowfin mojarra)[4]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[4]
Hyperprosopon argenteum (Walleye seaperch)[5]
Illex coindetii (southern shortfin squid)[4]
Lagodon rhomboides (Salt-water bream)[4]
Lampanyctus parvicauda (Slimtailed lanternfish)[8]
Leiostomus xanthurus (Spot croaker)[4]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[4]
Loligo vulgaris (European Squid)[4]
Lolliguncula brevis (Atlantic brief squid)[4]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[4]
Menticirrhus undulatus (California whiting)[5]
Merlangius merlangus (Whiting)[4]
Merluccius gayi (Chilean hake)[8]
Merluccius merluccius (Herring hake)[4]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[4]
Micropogonias undulatus (Atlantic croacker)[4]
Molva molva (Ling)[4]
Morone saxatilis (Striper bass)[4]
Mugil cephalus (gray mullet)[4]
Myoxocephalus scorpius (Short-spined sea scorpion)[4]
Nototodarus gouldi (Gould's squid)[4]
Octopus australis[4]
Octopus pallidus[4]
Octopus vulgaris (common octopus)[6]
Ophichthus gomesii (Gomes's snake eel)[4]
Opsanus beta (Gulf toadfish)[4]
Opsanus tau (Oyster toadfish)[4]
Orthopristis chrysoptera (Sailor's choice)[4]
Pagellus erythrinus (Spanish sea bream)[4]
Paralabrax clathratus (Sea bass)[5]
Paralichthys californicus (Halibut)[5]
Pasiphaea multidentata (pink glass shrimp)[4]
Phanerodon furcatus (White seaperch)[5]
Phycis blennoides (Greater fork-beard)[4]
Pleuronectes platessa (European plaice)[4]
Pogonias cromis (Sea drum)[4]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[4]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[4]
Porichthys myriaster (Specklefin midshipman)[5]
Porichthys notatus (Midshipman)[5]
Porichthys porosissimus (atlantic midshipman)[4]
Prionotus stephanophrys (Blackfin gurnard)[8]
Rhacochilus vacca (Pile surfperch)[5]
Roncador stearnsii (Spotfin croaker)[5]
Rondeletiola minor (Lentil Bobtail)[4]
Salmo salar (Atlantic salmon)[4]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[4]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[8]
Sciaenops ocellatus (Spotted bass)[4]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[4]
Sepia elegans (elegant cuttlefish)[4]
Seriphus politus (Drum)[5]
Solenocera membranacea (Atlantic mud shrimp)[4]
Spondyliosoma cantharus (Old wife)[4]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[4]
Stellifer lanceolatus (Stardrum)[4]
Synodus foetens (Soapfish)[4]
Taurulus bubalis (longspined sea scorpion)[4]
Todarodes filippovae (Antarctic flying squid)[4]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[4]
Todaropsis eblanae (Lesser Flying Squid)[4]
Trachurus murphyi (Southern jack mackerel)[8]
Trachurus symmetricus (Scad)[5]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[4]
Trichiurus lepturus (Atlantic Cutlassfish)[9]
Trinectes maculatus (Hogchoker)[4]
Trisopterus esmarkii (Norway pout)[4]
Trisopterus luscus (Whiting-pout)[4]
Trisopterus minutus (poor cod)[4]
Umbrina roncador (Croaker)[5]
Zeus faber (European john dory)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)3
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)2
Cephalorhynchus eutropia (Chilean Dolphin)2
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)2
Delphinus capensis (Long-beaked Common Dolphin)5
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)2
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)2
Fregata magnificens (Magnificent Frigatebird)2
Hydroprogne caspia (Caspian Tern)2
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)2
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)2
Lagenorhynchus obscurus (Dusky Dolphin)4
Larus occidentalis (Western Gull)2
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)2
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)3
Phalacrocorax penicillatus (Brandt's Cormorant)2
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)2
Phocoena spinipinnis (Burmeister's Porpoise)2
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)2
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)2
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)3
Puffinus opisthomelas (Black-vented Shearwater)2
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)2
Stenella attenuata (Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)2
Sula nebouxii (Blue-footed Booby)3
Uria aalge (Common Murre)2
Zalophus californianus (California Sealion)4

Predators

Carcharodon carcharias (Maneater shark)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis pegreffii <Unverified Name>[10]
Anisakis simplex[10]
Anisakis tursionis <Unverified Name>[10]
Anisakis typica[10]
Braunina cordiformis[10]
Campula delphini <Unverified Name>[10]
Campula oblonga[10]
Campula palliata[10]
Corynosoma australe[4]
Corynosoma cetaceum[10]
Crassicauda crassicauda <Unverified Name>[10]
Crassicauda grampicola <Unverified Name>[10]
Diphyllobothrium stemmacephalum[10]
Hadwenius tursionis[10]
Halocercus delphini[10]
Halocercus lagenorhynchi <Unverified Name>[10]
Halocercus ponticus[10]
Halocercus taurica[10]
Monorygma delphini[10]
Monorygma grimaldii[10]
Nasitrema attenuata <Unverified Name>[10]
Nasitrema dalli <Unverified Name>[10]
Nasitrema delphini <Unverified Name>[10]
Nasitrema globicephalae[10]
Pharurus alatus <Unverified Name>[11]
Pholeter gastrophilus[10]
Phyllobothrium delphini[10]
Phyllobothrium grimaldii <Unverified Name>[10]
Polymorphus cetaceus <Unverified Name>[10]
Skrjabinalius cryptocephalus[10]
Skrjabinalius guevarai <Unverified Name>[10]
Stenurus minor[10]
Stenurus ovatus <Unverified Name>[10]
Synthesium tursionis[10]
Tetrabothrius forsteri[10]
Zalophotrema hepaticum[10]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Acquario di Genova
Attica Zoological Park S.A.ponticus
Baiji Dolphinarium, Inst. of Hydrobiol
Chicago Zoological Park
Indianapolis Zoo
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Kamogawa Sea World
Kolmardens Djurpark AB
 truncatus
L'Oceanograficponticus
 truncatus
Living Seas
Marineland Mallorca
Minnesota Zoological Garden
Moscow Zoological Park
National Aquarium in Baltimore Inc
 truncatus
Parc Zoologic de Barcelona
Six Flags Discovery Kingdom
Tiergarten der Stadt Nürnberg
Zoo Aquarium de Madrid (GRPR)truncatus
Zoo Duisburg AG
 truncatus
ZOOMARINE - Mundo Aquatico S.A.
 truncatus
Zoomarine Italia S.p.A.

Range Map

Croajingolong; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Wikipedia licensed under a Creative Commons License 4Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 5Habitat Partitioning by Three Species of Dolphins in Santa Monica Bay, California, Maddalena Bearzi, Coastal Environmental Quality Initiative, 07-08-2003 6CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 7Towards the trophic structure of the Bouvet Island marine ecosystem, U. Jacob, T. Brey, I. Fetzer, S. Kaehler, K. Mintenbeck, K. Dunton, K. Beyer, U. Struck , E.A. Pakhomov and W.E. Arntz, Polar Biology, 29 (2). pp. 106-113 (2006) 8PREY OCCURRENCE IN THE STOMACH CONTENTS OF FOUR SMALL CETACEAN SPECIES IN PERU, IGNACIO GARCÍA-GODOS, KOEN VAN WAEREBEEK, JULIO C. REYES, JOANNA ALFARO-SHIGUETO AND MILENA ARIAS-SCHREIBER, LAJAM 6(2): 171-183, December 2007 9Insights on small cetacean feeding habits in southeastern Brazil, Marcos César de Oliveira Santos, Sergio Rosso, Roberta Aguiar dos Santos, Silvia Helena Bulizani Lucato, and Manuela Bassio, Aquatic Mammals 2002, 28.1, 38-45 10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 11Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access