Animalia > Chordata > Mammalia > Rodentia > Sciuridae > Marmota > Marmota monax
 

Marmota monax (woodchuck; groundhog)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The groundhog (Marmota monax), also known as a woodchuck, whistle-pig, or in some areas as a land-beaver, is a rodent of the family Sciuridae, belonging to the group of large ground squirrels known as marmots. Other marmots, such as the yellow-bellied and hoary marmots, live in rocky and mountainous areas, but the woodchuck is a lowland creature. It is widely distributed in North America and common in the northeastern and central United States.
View Wikipedia Record: Marmota monax

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
1
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
13
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.9
EDGE Score: 1.59

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  8.82 lbs (4.00 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  27 grams
Female Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Male Maturity [1]  1 year 6 months
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Gestation [1]  32 days
Litter Size [1]  5
Litters / Year [1]  1
Maximum Longevity [1]  14 years
Weaning [1]  46 days

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Alberta Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Alberta-British Columbia foothills forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Canadian Aspen forests and parklands Canada Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Cascade Mountains leeward forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central British Columbia Mountain forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Copper Plateau taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Eastern forest-boreal transition Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Flint Hills tall grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Fraser Plateau and Basin complex Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Gulf of St. Lawrence lowland forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Interior Yukon-Alaska alpine tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Mid-Continental Canadian forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Midwestern Canadian Shield forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Muskwa-Slave Lake forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern Canadian Shield taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern Cordillera forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northern mixed grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern tall grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Northern transitional alpine forests Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Hudson Bay taiga Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Yukon Interior dry forests Canada Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Antietam National Battlefield III 3263 Maryland, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Bonanza Creek LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Alaska, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Catoctin Mountain Park National Park II 5994 Maryland, United States
Cedar Creek LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV   Minnesota, United States
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Chippewa Nature Center   Michigan, United States    
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   North Carolina, United States
Cumberland Gap National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 24282 Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, United States
Cuyahoga Valley National Park II 24907 Ohio, United States
De Soto National Wildlife Refuge IV 8007 Iowa, Nebraska, United States
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Effigy Mounds National Monument V 1296 Iowa, United States
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fort Necessity National Battlefield III 1019 Pennsylvania, United States
Fort Scott National Historic Site   Kansas, United States
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 10384 Virginia, United States
Friendship Hill National Historic Site III 697 Pennsylvania, United States
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
George WA Carver National Monument V 210 Missouri, United States
George Washington Birthplace National Monument V 435 Virginia, United States
George Washington Memorial Parkway V   Virginia, United States
Georgian Bay Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Glacier National Park II 953799 Montana, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Greenwater Provincial Park II 11019 Ontario, Canada
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park VI 715 West Virginia, United States
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site   Iowa, United States
Homestead National Monument of America V 850 Nebraska, United States
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Hot Springs National Park II 5740 Arkansas, United States
Hubbard Brook Biosphere Reserve 7809 New Hampshire, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
Kejimkujik National Park II 94203 Nova Scotia, Canada
Kluane National Park and Reserve National Park Reserve II 5463436 Yukon, Canada
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Kouchibouguac National Park II 59161 New Brunswick, Canada
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lake Superior Provincial Park IV 351011 Ontario, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial III 96 Indiana, United States
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
Mount Revelstoke National Park Ia 18 British Columbia, Canada
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Ozark National Scenic Riverways National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 54621 Missouri, United States
Pipestone National Monument V 326 Minnesota, United States
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Reserve de la Biosphere de Charlevoix Biosphere Reserve 1383790 Canada  
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rondeau Provincial Park II 5035 Ontario, Canada
Roosevelt Vanderbilt National Historic Site   New York, United States      
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Saratoga National Historical Park   New York, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Shiloh National Military Park III 4061 Tennessee, United States
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Southwest Nova Biosphere Reserve 3821173 Canada  
Stones River National Battlefield III 518 Tennessee, United States
Tennessee River Gorge   Tennessee, United States
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Wapusk National Park II 2614324 Manitoba, Canada
Western Michigan University's Asylum Lake Preserve 274 Michigan, United States
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge IV 26618 Alabama, United States
Winisk River Provincial Park II 434735 Ontario, Canada
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada
Yoho National Park II 317576 British Columbia, Canada

Ecosystems

Prey / Diet

Digitaria ischaemum (small crabgrass)[3]
Panicum virgatum (old switch panic grass)[3]
Prunus serotina (Black Cherry)[3]
Sambucus nigra (European black elderberry)[3]
Trifolium pratense (Red Clover)[3]
Ulmus americana (American elm)[3]
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)[3]
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[3]
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)4
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)1
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)1
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)1
Anobium punctatum (furniture beetle)1
Apis mellifera (honey bee)4
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)1
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)4
Battus philenor (pipevine swallowtail)1
Boloria selene (Silver-bordered fritillary)1
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)2
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)1
Branta canadensis (Canada Goose)3
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (black carpenter ant)1
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)6
Carduelis tristis (American Goldfinch)4
Castor canadensis (american beaver)2
Cathartes aura (Turkey Vulture)1
Cepaea nemoralis (grovesnail)1
Colias philodice (clouded sulphur)1
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)4
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)2
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)1
Diapheromera femorata (Common American Walkingstick)2
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)2
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)3
Dumetella carolinensis (Grey Catbird)1
Euphydryas phaeton (Baltimore checkerspot)1
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)2
Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Greenhouse thrip)1
Ictalurus punctatus (Channel catfish)1
Incisalia henrici (Henry's Elfin)1
Lygocoris pabulinus (Common Green Capsid)1
Melanerpes carolinus (Red-bellied Woodpecker)1
Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)6
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)3
Microtus ochrogaster (prairie vole)1
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)4
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)5
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)2
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)2
Nymphalis antiopa (camberwell beauty)1
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)8
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)3
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)5
Papilio polyxenes (Eastern black swallowtail)1
Papilio troilus (spicebush swallowtail)1
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)4
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)2
Pieris napi (Green-veined White Butterfly)1
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)1
Piezodorus lituratus (Gorse Shield Bug)1
Piranga rubra (Summer Tanager)1
Polygonia comma (Comma anglewing)1
Polygonia interrogationis (Questionmark anglewing)1
Polygonia progne (gray comma)1
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)1
Ptilinus pectinicornis1
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)1
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)3
Sciurus griseus (western gray squirrel)1
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)4
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)1
Streptopelia decaocto (Eurasian Collared-Dove)1
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)4
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)7
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)4
Thrips atratus1
Thrips vulgatissimus1
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)1
Turdus merula (Eurasian Blackbird)1
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)5
Tyrannus tyrannus (Eastern Kingbird)1
Urocitellus richardsonii (Richardson's ground squirrel)1
Vireo olivaceus (Red-eyed Vireo)1
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)3
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)3
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)4

Predators

Aedes albopictus (forest day mosquito)[3]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[3]
Calliphora vomitoria (Blue bottle fly)[3]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[3]
Triatoma sanguisuga (Eastern blood-sucking cone)[3]

Providers

Shelter 
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (Common Ragweed)[3]
Phytolacca americana (common pokeweed)[3]
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)[3]
Smilax rotundifolia (Horse Brier)[3]
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)[3]
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[3]
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Ackertia marmotae <Unverified Name>[4]
Aedes albopictus[3]
Ascaris laevis <Unverified Name>[4]
Dermacentor variabilis[3]
Dicrocoelium dendriticum (Lancet liver fluke)[4]
Obeliscoides cunicului <Unverified Name>[4]
Opisodasys pseudarctomys[5]
Orchopeas howardi howardi[5]
Oropsylla arctomys[5]
Oropsylla bruneri[5]
Pulex simulans[5]
Taenia crassiceps[4]
Taenia mustelae[4]
Thrassis spenceri spenceri[5]
Triatoma sanguisuga[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Akron Zoological Park
Birmingham Zoo
Boonshoft Museum of Discovery
Chicago Zoological Park
Columbus Zoo and Aquarium
Dakota Zoo
Henson Robinson Zoo
Hutchinson Zoo
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Moonridge Animal Park
Museum of Science - Live Animal Center
Natural Science Center of Greensboro
North Carolina Zoological Park
Parc Safari / F.A.P.S.
Saint Louis Zoological Park
Staten Island Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tennessee Aquarium
Toronto Zoo
Turtle Back Zoo
Virginia Living Museum
Western North Carolina Nature Center
Zoo Sauvage de St-Félicien

Range Map

North America; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Gardner A.L, 2013-11-26, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 4Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 5International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve Chippewa Nature Center Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Patterson, B. D., G. Ceballos, W. Sechrest, M. F. Tognelli, T. Brooks, L. Luna, P. Ortega, I. Salazar, and B. E. Young. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Mammals of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Bruce Patterson, Wes Sechrest, Marcelo Tognelli, Gerardo Ceballos, The Nature Conservancy—Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International—CABS, World Wildlife Fund—US, and Environment Canada—WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011