Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Psittaciformes > Psittacidae > Coracopsis > Coracopsis nigra

Coracopsis nigra (Lesser Vasa Parrot)

Wikipedia Abstract

The lesser vasa parrot or black parrot (Coracopsis nigra) is a black coloured parrot native to Comoros, Madagascar, Mayotte, and Seychelles. It is one of two species of vasa parrots, the other being the greater vasa parrot C. vasa; although, the subspecies C. n. barklyi, of the Seychelles, is sometimes split as a third species, the Seychelles parrot.Lesser vasa parrots inhabit the mangrove swamps and evergreen forests of Madagascar and the Seychelles Islands.
View Wikipedia Record: Coracopsis nigra


Coracopsis nigra libs (Western black parrot)
Coracopsis nigra nigra (Black parrot)
Coracopsis nigra sibilans (Comoro black parrot)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 13.6077
EDGE Score: 2.68155


Adult Weight [1]  194 grams
Diet [2]  Frugivore, Granivore, Herbivore
Diet - Fruit [2]  60 %
Diet - Plants [2]  20 %
Diet - Seeds [2]  20 %
Forages - Canopy [2]  20 %
Forages - Mid-High [2]  40 %
Forages - Understory [2]  40 %
Clutch Size [3]  2
Maximum Longevity [1]  34 years


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Comoros forests Comoros Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  
Granitic Seychelles forests Seychelles Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests    
Madagascar dry deciduous forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar ericoid thickets Madagascar Afrotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Madagascar lowland forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar mangroves Madagascar Afrotropic Mangroves
Madagascar spiny thickets Madagascar Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Madagascar subhumid forests Madagascar Afrotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Madagascar succulent woodlands Madagascar Afrotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Kirindy Forest Reserve   Madagascar      
La Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d' Ankarafantsika National Park II 335701 Madagascar  
Mantadia National Park II 38395 Madagascar
Parc National de la Montagne d'Ambre National Park II 56324 Madagascar
Ranomafana National Park II 100646 Madagascar  
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andohahela National Park II 180522 Madagascar
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale d'Andringitra National Park II 76961 Madagascar
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale de Tsaratanana Strict Nature Reserve Ia 122363 Madagascar  
Réserve Naturelle Intégrale de Zahamena National Park II 102875 Madagascar
Réserve Spéciale Ankarana Special Reserve II 62972 Madagascar  
Reserve Speciale d'Anjanaharibe-Sud Special Reserve IV 45390 Madagascar  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Madagascar and the Indian Ocean Islands Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles Yes

Prey / Diet

Agelea pentagyna[4]
Bakerella ambongoensis[4]
Bembicia uniflora[4]
Campylospermum obtusifolium[4]
Canthium variistipula[4]
Commiphora guillaumini[5]
Dypsis prestoniana[4]
Erythroxylum braxifolium[4]
Erythroxylum nitidilum[4]
Fenerivia madagascariensis[4]
Ficus tiliifolia[6]
Gynochthodes rigida[4]
Homalium louvelianum[4]
Jasminum kitchingii[4]
Macaranga perrieri[4]
Petchia madagascariensis[4]
Poupartia chapelieri[4]
Psidium guayave[4]
Ravenala madagascariensis (Traveler's-tree)[4]
Sarcolaena multiflora[4]
Schefflera rainaliana[4]
Suregada boiviniana var. boiviniana[4]
Syderoxylon beguei[4]
Terminalia fatraea[4]
Tina conjugata[4]
Tina thouarsiana[4]
Uapaca littoralis[4]
Vaccinium madagascariense[4]
Vepris fitoravina[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alectroenas madagascariensis (Madagascar Blue Pigeon)6
Cheirogaleus major (greater dwarf lemur)4
Cheirogaleus medius (fat-tailed dwarf lemur)8
Coracopsis vasa (Greater Vasa Parrot)1
Daubentonia madagascariensis (aye-aye)1
Eulemur fulvus (brown lemur)20
Eulemur rubriventer (red-bellied lemur)1
Hartlaubius auratus (Madagascar Starling)1
Hypsipetes madagascariensis (Malagasy Bulbul)7
Microcebus rufus (brown mouse lemur)10
Neomixis tenella (Common Jery)1
Propithecus diadema (diademed sifaka)1
Propithecus verreauxi (Verreaux's sifaka)1
Pteropus rufus (Madagascan flying fox)9
Streptopelia picturata (Malagasy Turtle Dove)6
Treron australis (Madagascar Green Pigeon)2
Varecia variegata (ruffed lemur)1
Zosterops maderaspatanus (Madagascar White-eye)1

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Beale Park
Bronx Zoo/Wildlife Conservat'n Society
Endangered Madagascar
Jardim Zoologico / Lisbon Zoo
Knuthenborg Safariparknigra
National Aviary in Pittsburgh
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Parque De Animales Silvestres Temaikèn
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
Sedgwick County Zoo
Zoo Zürich
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Schmiding




Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
4Fruit-frugivore interactions in a Malagasy littoral forest: a community-wide approach of seed dispersal, An Bollen, UNIVERSITEIT ANTWERPEN 2003
5Seed Dispersal by Birds in a South African and a Malagasy Commiphora Species, Bärbel Bleher, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Ecotropica 6: 43–53, 2000
6"Fig-eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review", MIKE SHANAHAN, SAMSON SO, STEPHEN G. COMPTON and RICHARD CORLETT, Biol. Rev. (2001), 76, pp. 529–572
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access