Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Alcidae > Uria > Uria lomvia

Uria lomvia (Thick-billed Murre)

Language: French

Wikipedia Abstract

The thick-billed murre or Brünnich's guillemot (Uria lomvia) is a bird in the auk family (Alcidae). This bird is named after the Danish zoologist Morten Thrane Brünnich. The very deeply black North Pacific subspecies Uria lomvia arra is also called Pallas' murre after its describer. Murres have the highest flight cost, for their body size, of any animal.
View Wikipedia Record: Uria lomvia


EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.31286
EDGE Score: 2.2314


Adult Weight [1]  2.13 lbs (964 g)
Birth Weight [1]  70 grams
Female Maturity [1]  5 years 1 month
Male Maturity [1]  5 years 8 months
Clutch Size [1]  1
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Incubation [1]  33 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  29 years
Migration [2]  Intercontinental
Wing Span [3]  29 inches (.727 m)


Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Arctic desert Norway, Russia Palearctic Tundra    
Bering tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Chukchi Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Northwest Russian-Novaya Zemlya tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Novosibirsk Islands arctic desert Russia Palearctic Tundra
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Scandinavian and Russian taiga Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Wrangel Island arctic desert Russia Palearctic Tundra    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Cape Breton Highlands National Park II 234333 Nova Scotia, Canada  
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Clayoquot Sound Biosphere Reserve 864738 British Columbia, Canada  
Elkhorn Slough Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 964 California, United States  
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Fundy National Park II 52716 New Brunswick, Canada
Gateway National Recreation Area V 1807 New Jersey, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Ivvavik National Park II 2382752 Yukon, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve II 20461 Quebec, Canada
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
North-east Greenland National Park II 237590314 Greenland
North-east Svalbard Nature Reserve Ia 10410117 Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands  
Ostrov Vrangelya (Wrangel Island) Zapovednik Nature Monument III 180 Russia    
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Sirmilik National Park II 5475284 Canada
St Kilda 62932 Scotland, United Kingdom    
Terra Nova National Park IV 125894 Newfoundland, Canada
Ukkusiksalik National Park II   Nunavut, Canada
Virginia Coast Biosphere Reserve 33386 Virginia, United States  

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Akpatok Island Canada A4ii, A4iii
Alkhornet Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) A4iii
Apparsuit (Kap Shackleton) and Kippaku Greenland (to Denmark) A4ii, A4iii, B1ii
Appat Appai Greenland (to Denmark) A4iii, B1ii
Bezymyannaya and Gribovaya Bays and adjoining waters Russia (European) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B3
Bjørnøya (Bear Island) Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) A3, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2  
Bogoslova island Russia (Asian) A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Cambridge Point Canada A4ii, A4iii
Cape Graham Moore Canada A4iii
Cape Lisburne USA A4ii  
Cape Thompson USA A4ii
Carey islands Greenland (to Denmark) B1ii    
Coats Island/Cape Pembroke Canada A4iii  
Digges Sound Canada A4ii, A4iii
Hakluyt island Greenland (to Denmark) A4iii, B1ii    
Hantzsch Island Canada A4iii
Hælavíkurbjarg Iceland A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B3  
Hopen island Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2  
Iony island Russia (Asian) A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Islands and waters south and west of Upernavik town Greenland (to Denmark) A4iii, B1ii, B2
Jan Mayen island Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) A4ii, A4iii, B1ii, B2  
Kitsissut Avalliit (Ydre Kitsissut) Greenland (to Denmark) A4iii, B1ii, B3  
Látrabjarg Iceland A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B2, B3    
Parker Snow Bay Greenland (to Denmark) A4iii, B1ii
Prince Leopold Island Canada A4ii, A4iii  
Reid Bay Canada A4ii, A4iii  
Saunders island Greenland (to Denmark) A4ii, A4iii, B1ii
Sermilinnguaq Greenland (to Denmark) A4i, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B3
South Spitsbergen National Park Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands (to Norway) A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, B3
Southwest Bylot Canada A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
St. George Island USA A4i, A4ii    
Taateraat in Evighedsfjorden Greenland (to Denmark) A4iii, B1ii, B3
Tyuleniy island Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii  
Vasiliya islands Russia (Asian) A4i, A4ii, A4iii

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[4]
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)[5]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[4]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alca torda (Razorbill)2
Amblyraja hyperborea (Arctic skate)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)1
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)2
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)2
Balaenoptera borealis (Sei Whale)1
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)1
Bathyraja parmifera (Flathead skate)1
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)1
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)1
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)1
Cepphus grylle (Black Guillemot)2
Cystophora cristata (Hooded Seal)1
Delphinapterus leucas (Beluga)2
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)2
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)1
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)2
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)1
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)1
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)2
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)2
Gadus ogac (White sea nonmigratory cod)2
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)1
Hemilepidotus jordani (Yellow Irish lord)1
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)1
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)2
Histriophoca fasciata (Ribbon Seal)1
Lagenorhynchus albirostris (White-beaked Dolphin)1
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)1
Lamna ditropis (Salmon shark)1
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)1
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)1
Liparis gibbus (Dusky snailfish)1
Lophius piscatorius (Monkfish)1
Lycodes reticulatus (Arctic eelpout)1
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)2
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)1
Monodon monoceros (Narwhal)1
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)2
Oncorhynchus kisutch (coho salmon or silver salmon)1
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Pagophila eburnea (Ivory Gull)1
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)2
Phalacrocorax aristotelis (Shag)1
Phalacrocorax carbo (Great Cormorant)1
Phoca largha (Spotted Seal)1
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)1
Pusa hispida (Ringed Seal)1
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)3
Sebastes mentella (Redfish)1
Stercorarius parasiticus (Parasitic Jaeger)1
Theragra chalcogramma (Whiting)1
Uria aalge (Common Murre)2


Vulpes lagopus (Arctic Fox)[7]


Parasitized by 
Alcataenia armillaris[8]
Alcataenia campylacantha[8]
Anisakis simplex[8]
Contracaecum spiculigerum[8]
Contracaecum variegatum <Unverified Name>[8]
Corynosoma strumosum[8]
Cryptocotyle lingua[8]
Eucoleus contortus <Unverified Name>[8]
Eustrongylides mergorum <Unverified Name>[8]
Microparyphium shigini <Unverified Name>[8]
Microsomacanthus ductilis[8]
Paracuaria adunca <Unverified Name>[8]
Schistocephalus solidus[8]
Stegophorus stellaepolaris <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
North Carolina Zoological Park

Range Map

North America;



Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at 3Anatomy and Histochemistry of Flight Muscles in a Wing-Propelled Diving Bird, the Atlantic Puffin, Fratercula arctica, Christopher E. Kovacs and Ron A. Meyers, JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY 244:109–125 (2000) 4An estimate of summer food consumption of six seabird species in Iceland, K. Lilliendahl and J. Solmundsson, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 54: 624–630. 1997 5Notes on fishes in Hornsund fjord area (Spitsbergen), Jan Marcin WĘSLAWSKI and Wojciech KULIŃSKI, POLISH POLAR RESEARCH (POL. POLAR RES.) Vol. 10 No. 2 p. 241-250 (1989) 6The trophic role of Atka mackerel, Pleurogrammus monopterygius, in the Aleutian Islands area, Mei-Sun Yang, Fish. Bull. 97(4):1047-1057 (1999) 75.1 Arctic fox, Alopex lagopus, A. Angerbjo&#776;rn, P. Hersteinsson and M. Tannerfeldt, Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 430 pp. 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access