Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Charadriiformes > Scolopacidae > Arenaria > Arenaria melanocephala
 

Arenaria melanocephala (Black Turnstone)

Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The black turnstone (Arenaria melanocephala) is a species of small wading bird. It is one of two species of turnstone in the genus Arenaria, the ruddy turnstone (A. interpres) being the other. It is now classified in the sandpiper family, Scolopacidae, but was formerly sometimes placed in the plover family, Charadriidae. It is native to the west coast of North America and breeds only in Alaska.
View Wikipedia Record: Arenaria melanocephala

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
23
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
40
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 17.7736
EDGE Score: 2.93245

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  126 grams
Birth Weight [3]  17.3 grams
Female Weight [1]  135 grams
Male Weight [1]  118 grams
Weight Dimorphism [1]  14.4 %
Breeding Habitat [2]  Arctic coastal, Arctic tundra
Wintering Geography [2]  Pacific Coast
Wintering Habitat [2]  Rocky intertidal
Diet [4]  Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Diet - Invertibrates [4]  100 %
Forages - Ground [4]  100 %
Clutch Size [6]  4
Global Population (2017 est.) [2]  95,000
Incubation [5]  22 days
Maximum Longevity [5]  9 years
Migration [7]  Intracontinental
Wing Span [5]  19 inches (.48 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alaska Peninsula montane taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Alaska-St. Elias Range tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Beringia lowland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
Beringia upland tundra United States Nearctic Tundra
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Cook Inlet taiga United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga Canada, United States Nearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern Pacific coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Pacific Coastal Mountain icefields and tundra Canada, United States Nearctic Tundra
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Queen Charlotte Islands Canada Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sonoran desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Ib 2347132 Alaska, United States
Alto Golfo de California y Delta del Rio Colorado Biosphere Reserve VI 2320468 Sonora, Mexico  
Cabrillo National Monument V 149 California, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Denali Biosphere Reserve 1932364 Alaska, United States
Dzilam de Bravo Wetland Reserve 149170 Yucatan, Mexico    
Elkhorn Slough Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 964 California, United States  
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Lanphere-Christensen Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 471 California, United States  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Nipomo Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 3725 California, United States
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Ostrov Vrangelya (Wrangel Island) Zapovednik Nature Monument III 180 Russia    
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
San Juan Island National Historical Park III 1674 Washington, United States
Santa Cruz Island Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 46021 California, United States
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States

Ecosystems

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Baynes Sound Canada A4i
Northern Montague Island USA A4i

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No

Prey / Diet

Balanus glandula (Acorn barnacle)[8]
Diaulota densissima (Pacific Coast rove beetle)[8]
Littorina scutulata (checkered periwinkle)[8]
Lottia pelta (shield limpet)[8]
Pachygrapsus crassipes (striped shore crab)[8]
Pugettia producta (northern kelp crab)[8]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocirrus neilandi <Unverified Name>[9]
Acanthocirrus retirostris <Unverified Name>[9]
Aploparaksis leonovi <Unverified Name>[9]
Aploparaksis retroversa <Unverified Name>[9]
Aploparaksis rissae[9]
Cotylurus cornutus <Unverified Name>[9]
Dichoanotaenia clavigera <Unverified Name>[9]
Dichoanotaenia multifilamenta <Unverified Name>[9]
Dichoanotaenia skrjabini <Unverified Name>[9]
Dictymetra nymphaea[9]
Leucochloridium actitis <Unverified Name>[9]
Notocotylus attenuatus[9]
Plagiorchis marii <Unverified Name>[9]
Plagiorchis ovoidalis <Unverified Name>[9]
Shipleya inermis <Unverified Name>[9]
Skrjabinoclava hartwichi <Unverified Name>[9]
Tetrameres dubia <Unverified Name>[9]
Viktorocara limosae <Unverified Name>[9]
Wardium canarisi[9]

Range Map

North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Handel, CM, and RE Gill. 2001. Black Turnstone (Arenaria melanocephala). In The Birds of North America, no. 585 (A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). Birds of North America, Philadelphia
2Partners in Flight Avian Conservation Assessment Database, version 2017. Accessed on January 2018.
3Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
4Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
5del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
6Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303
7Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
8Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
9Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access