Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Phasianidae > Meleagris > Meleagris gallopavo
 

Meleagris gallopavo (Wild Turkey)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) is native to North America and is the heaviest member of the Galliformes. It is the same species as the domestic turkey, which derives from the South Mexican subspecies of wild turkey (not to be confused with the Meleagris ocellata native to the forests of the Yucatán Peninsula).
View Wikipedia Record: Meleagris gallopavo

Infraspecies

Meleagris gallopavo gallopavo (Mexican wild turkey)
Meleagris gallopavo intermedia (Rio Grande wild turkey)
Meleagris gallopavo merriami (Mexican wild turkey)
Meleagris gallopavo mexicana (Mexican wild turkey)
Meleagris gallopavo osceola (Florida wild turkey)
Meleagris gallopavo silvestris (Southeastern wild turkey) (Attributes)

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  13.34 lbs (6.05 kg)
Birth Weight [1]  47 grams
Female Maturity [1]  10 months 4 days
Male Maturity [1]  1 year
Clutch Size [3]  11
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Diet [2]  Omnivore
Incubation [1]  28 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  13 years
Wing Span [4]  3.9 feet (1.19 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Allegheny Highlands forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Appalachian-Blue Ridge forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Arizona Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Atlantic coastal pine barrens United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Bajío dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central and Southern mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central forest-grasslands transition United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Central Mexican matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Central U.S. hardwood forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Chihuahuan desert Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Plateau shrublands United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Colorado Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
East Central Texas forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Edwards Plateau savanna United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Florida sand pine scrub United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Meseta Central matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Middle Atlantic coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mississippi lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Montana Valley and Foothill grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Nebraska Sand Hills mixed grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
New England-Acadian forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northeastern coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northern short grasslands Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Okanagan dry forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Ozark Mountain forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Palouse grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Piney Woods forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Occidental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Madre Oriental pine-oak forests Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
South Central Rockies forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
South Florida rocklands United States Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
Southeastern conifer forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Southern Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Tamaulipan matorral Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Tamaulipan mezquital Mexico, United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Texas blackland prairies United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Upper Midwest forest-savanna transition United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Western Great Lakes forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Western Gulf Coastal grasslands Mexico, United States Nearctic Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands  
Western short grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
Wyoming Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Badlands National Park II 178535 South Dakota, United States
Bandelier National Monument V 8107 New Mexico, United States
Beaver Creek Biosphere Reserve 275028 Arizona, United States  
Big Cypress National Preserve V 732120 Florida, United States
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Black Canyon of the Gunnison National Park II 12551 Colorado, United States
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge VI 19192 Maryland, United States
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge VI 16363 Delaware, United States
Bryce Canyon National Park II 36348 Utah, United States
Buffalo National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 59947 Arkansas, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Canaveral National Seashore II 9090 Florida, United States
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge IV 8964 South Carolina, United States
Capulin Volcano National Monument V 796 New Mexico, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Cedar Breaks National Monument III 6111 Utah, United States
Central Gulf Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 40530 United States  
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Hist. Park National Historical Park V 19586 Maryland, District of Columbia, United States
Chickasaw National Recreation Area V 7025 Oklahoma, United States
Chiricahua National Monument V 1421 Arizona, United States
Colonial National Historic Park National Historical Park V 9316 Virginia, United States
Colorado National Monument III 20420 Colorado, United States
Congaree Swamp National Park II 6095 South Carolina, United States
Coronado National Monument National Memorial III 4360 Arizona, United States
Crosswinds Marsh Nature Preserve 1050 Michigan, United States
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
Curecanti National Recreation Area V 31032 Colorado, United States
Cuyahoga Valley National Park II 24907 Ohio, United States
Dye Creek Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 38152 California, United States  
Edwin S. George Reserve 1297 Michigan, United States
Effigy Mounds National Monument V 1296 Iowa, United States
El Malpais National Monument III 109980 New Mexico, United States
El Morro National Monument V 960 New Mexico, United States
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge VI 66133 Arkansas, United States
Fort Necessity National Battlefield III 1019 Pennsylvania, United States
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania Nat'l Military Park National Military Park V 10384 Virginia, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Grand Canyon National Park II 1210128 Arizona, United States
Great Smoky Mountains National Park II 515454 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge VI 3161 New Jersey, United States
Guadalupe Mountains National Park II 46114 Texas, United States
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 177278 Hawaii, United States
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
Hibberd Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 1485 California, United States  
Homestead National Monument of America V 850 Nebraska, United States
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park V 1926 Alabama, United States
Hot Springs National Park II 5740 Arkansas, United States
Hovenweep National Monument V 770 Colorado, Utah, United States
Hubbard Brook Biosphere Reserve 7809 New Hampshire, United States
Knife River Indian Villages National Hist. Site National Historic Site III 1756 North Dakota, United States
Konza Prairie Biosphere Reserve 8617 Kansas, United States  
Kootenay National Park II 341762 British Columbia, Canada
Lake Mead National Recreation Area V 670229 Arizona, Nevada, United States
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Lavinia Nature Reserve State Reserve II 17390 Tasmania, Australia    
Long Point Biosphere Reserve 100325 Ontario, Canada  
Mammoth Cave Area Biosphere Reserve (Natn'l Park) National Park II 51235 Kentucky, United States
Manassas National Battlefield Park III 5132 Virginia, United States
Mesa Verde National Park II 40098 Colorado, United States
Morristown National Historical Park VI 1677 New Jersey, United States
New River Gorge National River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 55591 West Virginia, United States
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Obed Wild and Scenic River National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 5268 Tennessee, United States
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge IV 38256 Florida, United States
Ozark National Scenic Riverways National River and Wild and Scenic Riverway V 54621 Missouri, United States
Padre Island National Seashore II 42068 Texas, United States
Petrified Forest National Park II 44522 Arizona, United States
Pinnacles National Monument V 2869 California, United States
Prince William Forest Park 19378 District of Columbia, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo Biosphere Reserve 353161 Mexico  
Reserva de la Biosfera Sierra Gorda Biosphere Reserve VI 955579 Queretaro, Mexico  
Reserva de la Michilia Biosphere Reserve VI 23405 Durango, Mexico  
Richmond National Battlefield Park III 1517 Virginia, United States
Rocky Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 239938 Colorado, United States
Saguaro National Park II 11686 Arizona, United States
Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge VI 23844 Oklahoma, United States
San Joaquin Biosphere Reserve 4527 California, United States  
Santa Cruz Island Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 46021 California, United States
Scotts Bluff National Monument V 3185 Nebraska, United States
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
Sevilleta LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research IV 228335 New Mexico, United States
Shenandoah National Park II 108221 Virginia, United States
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument V 3049 Arizona, United States
Tonto National Monument V 1123 Arizona, United States
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Wind Cave National Park II 29471 South Dakota, United States
Wupatki National Monument III 36098 Arizona, United States
Yellowstone Biosphere Reserve II 2196863 Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, United States
Zion National Park II 135667 Utah, United States

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No
Mesoamerica Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama No

Prey / Diet

Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)[5]
Argiope aurantia (black-and-yellow argiope)[5]
Armadillidium vulgare (pillbug)[5]
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (black carpenter ant)[5]
Carex stricta (upright sedge)[5]
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)[5]
Cichorium intybus (chicory)[5]
Cicindela sexguttata (Six-spotted Tiger Beetle)[5]
Colias philodice (clouded sulphur)[5]
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)[5]
Dermacentor variabilis (American dog tick)[5]
Desmodium canadense (Beggar's Lice)[5]
Diapheromera femorata (Common American Walkingstick)[5]
Digitaria ischaemum (small crabgrass)[5]
Eupatorium maculatum (Spotted Joe-pye Weed)[5]
Eurosta solidaginis (Goldenrod gall fly)[5]
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)[5]
Flavoparmelia caperata (flavoparmelia lichen)[5]
Fragaria virginiana (Virginia Strawberry)[5]
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)[5]
Hemaris thysbe (common clear-wing)[5]
Ilex opaca (American holly)[5]
Juniperus virginiana (Eastern Red-cedar)[5]
Lithobius forficatus (Brown centipede)[5]
Lymantria dispar (gypsy moth)[5]
Malacosoma americana (Eastern tent caterpillar)[5]
Melanoplus differentialis (Differential Grasshopper)[5]
Micrathena gracilis (Spined micrathena)[5]
Narceus americanus (North american millipede)[5]
Panicum virgatum (old switch panic grass)[5]
Plethodon cinereus (Eastern Red-backed Salamander)[5]
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)[5]
Prunus serotina (Black Cherry)[5]
Pterostichus melanarius (Common black ground beetle)[5]
Quercus phellos (Willow Oak)[5]
Rabidosa rabida (Rabid wolf spider)[5]
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)[5]
Robinia pseudoacacia (Post locust)[5]
Rosa virginiana (Virginia Rose)[5]
Symphyotrichum dumosum (Small White Aster)[5]
Taraxacum campylodes (Dandelion)[5]
Tenodera aridifolia (Chinese mantid)[5]
Triatoma sanguisuga (Eastern blood-sucking cone)[5]
Trifolium pratense (Red Clover)[5]
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)[5]
Viola pedata (birdfoot violet)[5]
Celastrus scandens (American bittersweet)[5]
Crataegus viridis (desert hawthorn)[5]
Hamamelis virginiana (American witchhazel)[5]
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (American ivy)[5]
Pinus strobus (Eastern white pine)[5]
Pinus taeda (Loblolly pine)[5]
Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine)[5]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[5]
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)[5]
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)[5]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[5]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Acrosternum hilare (Green stinkbug)10
Agelaius phoeniceus (Red-winged Blackbird)13
Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)2
Aix sponsa (Wood Duck)7
Ambystoma maculatum (Spotted Salamander)8
Anas platyrhynchos (Mallard)11
Anaxyrus americanus americanus (Eastern American Toad)17
Apis mellifera (honey bee)14
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)5
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)14
Bombus fervidus (Golden northern bumble bee)9
Bombus lucorum (White-tailed bumblebee)2
Branta canadensis (Canada Goose)5
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)5
Camponotus pennsylvanicus (black carpenter ant)3
Cardinalis cardinalis (Northern Cardinal)21
Carduelis carduelis (European Goldfinch)2
Carduelis flammea (Common Redpoll)2
Carduelis tristis (American Goldfinch)14
Castor canadensis (american beaver)11
Cathartes aura (Turkey Vulture)2
Charadrius vociferus (Killdeer)4
Colias philodice (clouded sulphur)7
Colinus virginianus (Northern Bobwhite)27
Corvus brachyrhynchos (American Crow)15
Cryptotis parva (North American Least Shrew)15
Cyanocitta cristata (Blue Jay)18
Diapheromera femorata (Common American Walkingstick)6
Didelphis virginiana (Virginia Opossum)10
Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)8
Eptesicus fuscus (big brown bat)9
Erynnis juvenalis (Juvenal's duskywing skipper)2
Eurycea guttolineata (Three-lined Salamander)5
Fringilla coelebs (Common Chaffinch)2
Geothlypis trichas (Common Yellowthroat)7
Gryllus pennsylvanicus (fall field cricket)3
Incisalia henrici (Henry's Elfin)2
Incisalia niphon (Eastern Pine Elfin)4
Larus delawarensis (Ring-billed Gull)2
Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog)2
Lithobates sphenocephalus sphenocephalus (Florida Leopard Frog)8
Lithobates sylvaticus (Wood Frog)16
Marmota flaviventris (yellow-bellied marmot)2
Marmota monax (woodchuck)6
Mephitis mephitis (Striped Skunk)16
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)15
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)17
Molothrus ater (Brown-headed Cowbird)14
Myiarchus crinitus (Great Crested Flycatcher)11
Notophthalmus viridescens (Eastern Newt)3
Nymphalis antiopa (camberwell beauty)2
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)29
Ondatra zibethicus (muskrat)5
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)4
Passer domesticus (House Sparrow)2
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)24
Picoides pubescens (Downy Woodpecker)15
Pieris napi (Green-veined White Butterfly)2
Pieris rapae (imported cabbageworm)4
Plestiodon fasciatus (Five-lined Skink)15
Plethodon cinereus (Eastern Red-backed Salamander)6
Poecile carolinensis (Carolina Chickadee)15
Procyon lotor (Raccoon)16
Pseudacris crucifer (Spring Peeper)8
Quiscalus quiscula (Common Grackle)4
Rattus norvegicus (Norway rat)8
Reticulitermes flavipes (eastern subterranean termite)5
Scalopus aquaticus (Eastern Mole)9
Sciurus carolinensis (eastern gray squirrel)23
Sciurus niger (eastern fox squirrel)2
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)18
Sitta carolinensis (White-breasted Nuthatch)20
Spermophilus columbianus (Columbian ground squirrel)2
Sphecius speciosus (cicada killer)2
Streptopelia turtur (European Turtle-Dove)2
Sturnus vulgaris (European Starling)13
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)23
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)22
Terrapene carolina (Florida Box Turtle)9
Thamnophis sirtalis (Common Garter Snake)4
Thryothorus ludovicianus (Carolina Wren)11
Turdus migratorius (American Robin)27
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)13
Zenaida macroura (Mourning Dove)14
Zonotrichia albicollis (White-throated Sparrow)9

Predators

Agkistrodon contortrix (Southern Copperhead)[5]
Buteo jamaicensis (Red-tailed Hawk)[5]
Strix varia (Barred Owl)[5]
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)[5]

Providers

Shelter 
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[5]
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)[5]
Populus grandidentata (bigtooth aspen)[5]
Typha latifolia (Reedmace)[5]
Celastrus scandens (American bittersweet)[5]
Crataegus viridis (desert hawthorn)[5]
Hamamelis virginiana (American witchhazel)[5]
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (American ivy)[5]
Pinus strobus (Eastern white pine)[5]
Pinus taeda (Loblolly pine)[5]
Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine)[5]
Quercus alba (White Oak)[5]
Quercus velutina (Black Oak)[5]
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)[5]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[5]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Aproctella stoddardi <Unverified Name>[6]
Ascaridia dissimilis <Unverified Name>[6]
Ascaridia galli[6]
Aulonocephalus pennula <Unverified Name>[6]
Baruscapillaria obsignata <Unverified Name>[6]
Brachylaima virginianum <Unverified Name>[6]
Capillaria anatis <Unverified Name>[6]
Capillaria caudinflata <Unverified Name>[6]
Capillaria obsignata <Unverified Name>[6]
Capillaria phasianina <Unverified Name>[6]
Ceratophyllus gallinae (European chicken flea)[7]
Ceratophyllus rauschi[7]
Cheilospirura spinosa <Unverified Name>[6]
Chelopistes meleagridis[8]
Choanotaenia infundibulum[6]
Davainea meleagridis <Unverified Name>[6]
Dispharynx nasuta <Unverified Name>[6]
Echidnophaga gallinacea (sticktight flea)[7]
Echinoparyphium recurvatum[6]
Echinostoma revolutum[6]
Echinostoma trivolvis <Unverified Name>[6]
Eucoleus annulatus <Unverified Name>[6]
Eucoleus perforans <Unverified Name>[6]
Heterakis gallinarum[6]
Hymenolepis aequibilis <Unverified Name>[6]
Hymenolepis cantaniana <Unverified Name>[6]
Hymenolepis carioca <Unverified Name>[6]
Hymenolepis tenuirostris <Unverified Name>[6]
Hypoderaeum conoideum[6]
Menacanthus stramineus[8]
Metroliasthes lucida <Unverified Name>[6]
Philophthalmus lucipetus[6]
Plagiorchis laricola[6]
Plagiorchis maculosus <Unverified Name>[6]
Plagiorchis marii <Unverified Name>[6]
Polymorphus magnus[6]
Postharmostomum gallinum <Unverified Name>[6]
Prosthogonimus cuneatus[6]
Prosthogonimus ovatus[6]
Pterothominx meleagridis <Unverified Name>[6]
Raillietina caucasica <Unverified Name>[6]
Raillietina cesticillus[6]
Raillietina georgiensis <Unverified Name>[6]
Raillietina ransomi <Unverified Name>[6]
Raillietina williamsi <Unverified Name>[6]
Singhfilaria hayesi <Unverified Name>[6]
Stomylotrema vicarium <Unverified Name>[6]
Strigea elegans[6]
Strongyloides avium <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichostrongylus cramae <Unverified Name>[6]
Trichostrongylus tenuis[6]
Zygocotyle lunata[6]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Abilene Zoological Gardens
Africam Safari (Africam, S. A.)
Animal Forest
Apenheul Primate Park
 domestic
 domestic narragansett
Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum
 merriami
Artis Zoo
Assiniboine Park Zoo
Auckland Zoological Parkdomestic
Beale Park
Bioparc Valenciadomestic
Bird Park Marlow
Birmingham Nature Centredomestic bronze
Birmingham Zoo
Bramble Park Zoo
BREC's Baton Rouge Zoo
Bronx Children's Zoodomestic black
 domestic bourbon_red
 domestic narragansett
Brookgreen Gardens
Bursa Zoo (Bursa Hayvanat Bahcesi)
Buttonwood Park Zoo
Caldwell Zoo
Calgary Zoo, Garden & Prehistoric Park
Cameron Park Zoosilvestris
Central Florida Zoological Parkdomestic
Chahinkapa Zoo
Chattanooga Zoo at Warner Park
Cheyenne Mtn Zoological Parkintermedia
Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
City of Belfast Zoodomestic bronze
Colchester Zoodomestic
Connecticut's Beardsley Zoodomestic narragansett
Cotswold Wildlife Park and Gardensdomestic
Dakota Zoo
 domestic
David Traylor Zoo of Emporia
Dickerson Park Zoosilvestris
Dierenpark Amersfoort
Dierenpark Emmen
Dierenrijk Europa
Disney's Animal Kingdomdomestic
 domestic narragansett
Dudley Zoological Gardensdomestic
El Paso Zoo
Ellen Trout Zoo
Faunia (Parque Biologico De Madrid,SA)
Flamingo Land LTDdomestic bronze
 domestic buff
Fort Worth Zoological Parkintermedia
Giza Zoological Garden
Great Plains Zoo
Greater Vancouver Zoo
 domestic bourbon_red
Guadalajara Zoo
Hai Park Kiriat Motzkindomestic
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Hutchinson Zoo
 domestic
John Ball Zoological Garden
 domestic royal_palm
Kaliningrad Zoo
Kansas City Zoodomestic bourbon_red
Kazan Zoological & Botanical Gardendomestic
Knoxville Zoological Gardensdomestic narragansett
Kyiv Zoological Park
Lake Superior Zoological Gardens
Louisiana Purchase Gardens & Zoo
Marwell Wildlifedomestic black
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Miskolc Zoo/Állatkert és Kultúrparkdomestic
Montgomery Zoo
Moscow Zoological Park
Moulton Collegedomestic narragansett
NEW Zoo
Newquay Zoo (Cornwall Animal World)domestic royal_palm
Nikolaev Zoo of Nikolaev-City Council
 domestic
NY State Zoo at Thompson Park
Oatland Island Wildlife Center
Oklahoma City Zoological Park
Opel-Zoo von Opel HessischeZoostiftungdomestic
Paignton Zoo Environmental Park
Parc Merveilleux
Parc Zoologique d'Amnevilledomestic
Patronato del Parque Zoologico de Leon
Permskii Zoologicheskii Sad
Phoenix Zoo
 domestic bourbon_red
 domestic royal_palm
Pittsburgh Zoo & PPG Aquarium
Pocatello Zoo
Prospect Park Zoo
 domestic bourbon_red
Pueblo Zoodomestic narragansett
Queens Zoo
Ragunan Zoological Park
Ree Park - Ebeltoft Safari
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Riverside Zoodomestic
 domestic bronze
Riverview Park & Zoo
Saint Louis Zoological Parkdomestic royal_palm
Salisbury Zoological Park
Salzburg Zoo Hellbrunndomestic
San Diego Wild Animal Park
San Francisco Zoological Gardens
 domestic
Sanjay Gandhi Biological Park
Santa Ana Zoodomestic narragansett
 domestic slate
Sedgwick County Zoo
 domestic black
 domestic narragansett
 domestic royal_palm
Sequoia Park Zoodomestic narragansett
 domestic royal_palm
Silver Springs Park
Staten Island Zoo
Taipei Zoo
Tampa's Lowry Park Zoo
Taronga Zoodomestic
Terra Natura S.A.domestic
Texas Zoo
The Philadelphia Zoodomestic royal_palm
The Tisch Family Zoological Gardens
Tierwelt Herberstein
Tilgate Nature Centredomestic
Toronto Zoo
Tracy Aviary
 silvestris
Trevor Zoo at Millbrook School
Tropical Butterfly Housedomestic
Trotter's World of Animalsdomestic
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Turtle Back Zoo
Twycross Zoodomestic
Ueno Zoological Gardens
 domestic bronze
Utah's Hogle Zoo
Virginia Living Museum
Virginia Zoological Parkdomestic royal_palm
 silvestris
Wadi Al Safa Wildlife Centreintermedia
Welsh Mountain Zoodomestic
Wild Animal Park Mechelen Planckendaelgallopavo
Wildlife World Zoodomestic
Willow Park Zoo
Wingham Wildlife Park
Zoo de Jurques
Zoo Hannover GmbH
 domestic royal_palm
Zoo Negara Malaysia
Zoo of Acadianadomestic
Zoo Parc Overloon
Zoo Santo Inácio Vila Nova de Gaiadomestic
Zoo Zürich
ZooAmerica (No. American Wildlife Pk.)
Zoological Society of Londondomestic bronze
 domestic narragansett
Zoologicka Zahrada Bratislavadomestic
Zoologico Nacional La Aurora

Range Map

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Middle America; North America; Oceania; Western Michigan University’s Asylum Lake;

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Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot

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Citations

Species recognized by Banks R.C., 08-Jun-2005, ITIS Global: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4EFFECTS OF BODY SIZE ON TAKE-OFF FLIGHT PERFORMANCE IN THE PHASIANIDAE (AVES), BRET W. TOBALSKE AND KENNETH P. DIAL, The Journal of Experimental Biology 203,3319–3332 (2000) 5Study of Northern Virginia Ecology 6Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 7International Flea Database 8Species Interactions of Australia Database, Atlas of Living Australia, Version ala-csv-2012-11-19
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators. Crosswinds Marsh, Wayne County, Michigan Edwin S. George Reserve, University of Michigan, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2