Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Galliformes > Odontophoridae > Callipepla > Callipepla californica
 

Callipepla californica (Californian Quail; California Quail)

Synonyms: Lophortyx californica
Language: Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The California Quail (Callipepla californica), also known as the California Valley Quail or Valley Quail, is a small ground-dwelling bird in the New World quail family. It is the state bird of California. These birds have a curving crest or plume, made of six feathers, that droops forward: black in males and brown for females; the flanks are brown with white streaks. Males have a dark brown cap and a black face with a brown back, a grey-blue chest and a light brown belly.
View Wikipedia Record: Callipepla californica

Infraspecies

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
6
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
22
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 5.29473
EDGE Score: 1.83971

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  138 grams
Birth Weight [1]  6 grams
Female Maturity [1]  9 months 4 days
Male Maturity [1]  9 months 4 days
Clutch Size [3]  15
Clutches / Year [1]  1
Diet [2]  Herbivore
Incubation [1]  22 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  10 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Map Climate Land
Use
Baja California desert Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Blue Mountains forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
British Columbia mainland coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
California Central Valley grasslands United States Nearctic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California interior chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
California montane chaparral and woodlands United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Central and Southern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Central Andean dry puna Argentina, Bolivia, Chile Neotropic Montane Grasslands and Shrublands
Central Pacific coastal forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests  
Chatham Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Eastern Cascades forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Great Basin shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Gulf of California xeric scrub Mexico Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Klamath-Siskiyou forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Mojave desert United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
North Central Rockies forests Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Northern California coastal forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Puget lowland forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
San Lucan xeric scrub Mexico Neotropic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests Mexico Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Coniferous Forests
Sierra Juarez and San Pedro Martir pine-oak forests Mexico Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Sierra Nevada forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Snake-Columbia shrub steppe United States Nearctic Deserts and Xeric Shrublands
Southeastern mixed forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wasatch and Uinta montane forests United States Nearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Willamette Valley forests United States Nearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Map Climate Land Use
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, CA III 184543 California, United States
Boggs Lake Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 192 California, United States
Boggs Mountain Demonstration State Forest   California, United States
Cabrillo National Monument V 149 California, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Carrizo Plain Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7550 California, United States  
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Cosumnes River Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 2138 California, United States
Creighton Ranch Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 3275 California, United States  
Death Valley National Park II 762125 California, Nevada, United States
Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge Ia   Idaho, United States
Dye Creek Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 38152 California, United States  
Elkhorn Slough Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 964 California, United States  
Fairfield Osborn Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 190 California, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Gray Lodge State Wildlife Area State Wildlife Management Area IV 8471 California, United States
Great Basin National Park II 77367 Nevada, United States
Gulf Islands National Park National Park Reserve II 8785 British Columbia, Canada
Hamilton Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 52 California, United States  
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 177278 Hawaii, United States
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
Heath and Marjorie Angelo Coast Range Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 7008 California, United States
Hibberd Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 1485 California, United States  
Jackson Demonstration State Forest   California, United States
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park   Hawaii, United States
Kaweah Oaks Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 319 California, United States  
Kern River Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 834 California, United States
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area II 606367 Washington, United States
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area V 103172 Washington, United States
Lanín National Park II 536819 Neuquen, Argentina
Landels-Hill Big Creek Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 45 California, United States
Lanphere-Christensen Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 471 California, United States  
Lassen Volcanic National Park II 29388 California, United States
Lava Beds National Monument III 20002 California, United States
Lavinia Nature Reserve State Reserve II 17390 Tasmania, Australia    
Los Alerces National Park II 463045 Chubut, Argentina  
McCloud River Preserve Conservation Easement 1693 California, United States
McGinty Mountain Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 753 California, United States  
Mojave and Colorado Deserts Biosphere Reserve 5901 California, United States  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Mount Rainier National Park II 235186 Washington, United States
Mount Tamalpais State Park 6365 California, United States
Muir Woods National Monument V 492 California, United States
Nahuel Huapi National Park II 759703 Argentina  
Nez Perce National Historical Park V 2076 Idaho, United States
Nipomo Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 3725 California, United States
Norfolk Island National Park II 1723 Australian external territories, Australia  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Paine Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 2965 California, United States      
Philip L. Boyd Deep Canyon Desert Research Center 6101 California, United States
Pinnacles National Monument V 2869 California, United States
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Pygmy Forest Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 84 California, United States  
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Ring Mountain Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 438 California, United States  
Rockville Hills Regional Park   California, United States  
Samuel P. Taylor State Park 2694 California, United States
San Dimas Biosphere Reserve 17161 California, United States  
San Joaquin Biosphere Reserve 4527 California, United States  
San Juan Island National Historical Park III 1674 Washington, United States
Santa Cruz Island Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 46021 California, United States
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Santuario de la Naturaleza Pumalín Sanctuary 713364 Chile
Sequoia and Kings Canyon Biosphere Reserve II 172261 California, United States
South Taupo Wetland   North Island, New Zealand        
Table Mountain   California, United States        
Tomales Bay State Park 1659 California, United States
Tongariro National Park II 196174 North Island, New Zealand
Whiskey-Shasta-Trinity National Recreation Area V 197791 California, United States
Williams Wildlife Preserve Wildlife Reserve   California, United States        

Ecosystems

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website Map
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands Mexico, United States No

Emblem of

California

Prey / Diet

Brahea armata (Blue Hesper Palm)[4]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Carpodacus mexicanus (House Finch)1
Carpodacus purpureus (Purple Finch)1
Corvus corax (Northern Raven)1
Dipodomys merriami (Merriam's kangaroo rat)1
Icterus cucullatus (Hooded Oriole)1
Icterus parisorum (Scott's Oriole)1
Melanerpes uropygialis (Gila Woodpecker)1
Perognathus longimembris (little pocket mouse)1
Pheucticus melanocephalus (Black-headed Grosbeak)1
Picoides villosus (Hairy Woodpecker)1
Pipilo crissalis (California Towhee)1
Spizella breweri (Brewer's Sparrow)1
Zenaida asiatica (White-winged Dove)1

Predators

Bubo magellanicus (Lesser Horned Owl)[5]
Geranoaetus melanoleucus (Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle)[6]
Pituophis catenifer (Gopher Snake)[7]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Baylisascaris procyonis[8]
Cheilospirura spinosa <Unverified Name>[8]
Dispharynx nasuta <Unverified Name>[8]
Hectopsylla psittaci[9]
Heterakis isolonche[8]
Rhabdometra odiosa <Unverified Name>[8]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Attica Zoological Park S.A.
Beale Park
Budapest Zool.& Botanical Garden
Camperdown Wildlife Centre
Coyote Point Museum
Flamingo Park Wildlife Encounter
Jesperhus Blomsterpark
Kyiv Zoological Park
Moscow Zoological Park
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo
Parc Paradisio S.A.
Sequoia Park Zoo
Tierpark Hagenbeck GmbH
Tulsa Zoo & Living Museum
Usti nad Labem Zoo
Virginia Safari Park & Preserv Ctr,Inc
Vogelpark (Birdpark) Avifauna
Wingham Wildlife Park
Wroclaw Zoo, LLC
Zoo Duisburg AG
Zoologická a botanická zahrada Plzen
Zoologischer Garten Magdeburg

Range Map

Link to Map
Middle America; North America; Oceania;

Audio

Play / PauseVolume
Provided by eNature via Myxer Author: Lang Elliot

Photos

Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2005-06-08, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 3Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 4Patterns of frugivory, seed dispersal and predation of blue fan palms (Brahea armata) in oases of northern Baja California, E.V. Wehncke, X.L. Medellín, E. Ezcurra, Journal of Arid Environments 73 (2009) 773–783 5Trejo, A., M. Kun, M. Sahores, and S. Seijas. 2005. Diet overlap and prey size of two owls in the forest-steppe ecotone of southern Argentina Ornitol. Neotrop 16:539–546 6Breeding Biology of a Grey Eagle-Buzzard Population in Patagonia, Fernando Hiraldo, José A. Donázar, Olga Ceballos, Alejandro Travaini, Javier Bustamante and Martín Funes, The Wilson Bulletin, Vol. 107, No. 4 (Dec 1995), pp. 675-685 7Feeding ecology of North American gopher snakes (Pituophis catenifer, Colubridae), JAVIER A. RODRÍGUEZ-ROBLES, Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2002, 77, 165–183 8Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 9International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Range map provided by Ridgely, R. S., T. F. Allnutt, T. Brooks, D. K. McNicol, D. W. Mehlman, B. E. Young, and J. R. Zook. 2007. Digital Distribution Maps of the Birds of the Western Hemisphere, version 3.0. NatureServe, Arlington, Virginia, USA.
Data provided by NatureServe in collaboration with Robert Ridgely, James Zook, The Nature Conservancy - Migratory Bird Program, Conservation International - CABS, World Wildlife Fund - US, and Environment Canada - WILDSPACE.
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2