Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Accipitriformes > Accipitridae > Buteo > Buteo solitarius
 

Buteo solitarius (Hawaiian Hawk; Lo)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Hawaiian Hawk or ʻIo (Buteo solitarius) is a raptor of the Buteo genus endemic to Hawaiʻi. Buteos tend to be easily recognized by their bulky bodies relative to their overall length and wingspan. The ʻIo is the only hawk that is native to Hawaiʻi, and fossil evidence indicates that it inhabited the island of Hawaiʻi, Molokaʻi, Oʻahu, and Kauaʻi at one time. Today, it is known to breed only on the Big Island in stands of native ʻōhiʻa lehua trees.
View Wikipedia Record: Buteo solitarius

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
3
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
27
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 3.36688
EDGE Score: 2.1672

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.11 lbs (505 g)
Birth Weight [1]  35 grams
Male Weight [3]  414 grams
Clutch Size [2]  2
Incubation [1]  38 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  17 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Hawaii tropical dry forests United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Dry Broadleaf Forests  
Hawaii tropical low shrublands United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Hawaii tropical moist forests United States Oceania Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests  

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Hawaii Volcanoes National Park 177278 Hawaii, United States
Hawaiian Islands Biosphere Reserve 245981 Hawaii, United States  
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park   Hawaii, United States
Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site   Hawaii, United States  

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
Polynesia-Micronesia Fiji, Micronesia, Polynesia, Samoa, Tonga, United States Yes

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Honolulu Zoo
Houston Zoo, Inc.
Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo & Gardens

Distribution

Oceania;

Audio

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Citations

Species recognized by Peterson A.P., 2011-09-22, in Catalog of Life 2011
Attributes / relations provided by 1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 2Jetz W, Sekercioglu CH, Böhning-Gaese K (2008) The Worldwide Variation in Avian Clutch Size across Species and Space PLoS Biol 6(12): e303. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.0060303 3Clarkson, KE and LP Laniawe. 2000. Hawaiian Hawk (Buteo solitarius). In A. Poole and F. Gill [eds.], The birds of North America, No. 523. The Birds of North America, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 gis.wwfus.org/wildfinder
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Biodiversity Hotspots, Conservation International
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
EDGE analysis provided by EDGE of Existence programme, Zoological Society of London
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access
Institution information provided by International Species Information System - May 2011
Audio software provided by SoundManager 2