Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Suliformes > Phalacrocoracidae > Phalacrocorax > Phalacrocorax pelagicus
 

Phalacrocorax pelagicus (Pelagic Cormorant)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The pelagic cormorant (Phalacrocorax pelagicus), also known as Baird's cormorant, is a small member of the cormorant family Phalacrocoracidae. Analogous to other smallish cormorants, it is also called the pelagic shag occasionally. This seabird lives along the coasts of the northern Pacific; during winter it can also be found in the open ocean.
View Wikipedia Record: Phalacrocorax pelagicus

Infraspecies

Phalacrocorax pelagicus pelagicus (Northern pelagic cormorant)
Phalacrocorax pelagicus resplendens (Baird's cormorant)

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
8
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
25
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 6.58911
EDGE Score: 2.02671

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  4.09 lbs (1.86 kg)
Birth Weight [2]  35 grams
Female Weight [1]  3.62 lbs (1.64 kg)
Male Weight [1]  4.57 lbs (2.07 kg)
Weight Dimorphism [1]  26.3 %
Female Maturity [2]  2 years
Male Maturity [2]  2 years
Clutch Size [2]  4
Incubation [2]  22 days
Maximum Longevity [2]  18 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Bering tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
California coastal sage and chaparral Mexico, United States Nearctic Mediterranean Forests, Woodlands, and Scrub
Central Korean deciduous forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Cherskii-Kolyma mountain tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Chukchi Peninsula tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
East Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Hokkaido deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Hokkaido montane conifer forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Coniferous Forests
Kamchatka Mountain tundra and forest tundra Russia Palearctic Tundra
Kamchatka-Kurile meadows and sparse forests Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Manchurian mixed forests Republic of Korea, Dem. People's Rep of Korea, China, Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Nihonkai evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Nihonkai montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Northeast China Plain deciduous forests China Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Northeast Siberian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
Sakhalin Island taiga Russia Palearctic Boreal Forests/Taiga
South China-Vietnam subtropical evergreen forests China, Viet Nam Indo-Malayan Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests
South Sakhalin-Kurile mixed forests Russia Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests    
Southern Korea evergreen forests South Korea Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo evergreen forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Taiheiyo montane deciduous forests Japan Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Wrangel Island arctic desert Russia Palearctic Tundra    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Ib 2347132 Alaska, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Cabrillo National Monument V 149 California, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Gulf Islands National Park National Park Reserve II 8785 British Columbia, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Lanphere-Christensen Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 471 California, United States  
Mount Arrowsmith Biosphere Reserve 293047 British Columbia, Canada  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Ostrov Vrangelya (Wrangel Island) Zapovednik Nature Monument III 180 Russia    
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
San Juan Island National Historical Park III 1674 Washington, United States
Santa Cruz Island Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 46021 California, United States
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Yancheng Nature Reserve V 711488 China    

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Attu Island USA A1, A4i    
Iony island Russia (Asian) A4i, A4ii, A4iii    
Karaginskiy island Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii  
Khalyustkin cape Russia (Asian) A4i, A4iii
Senyavina strait Russia (Asian) A4i, A4iii
Sireniki coast Russia (Asian) A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Utashud island Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Verkhoturova island Russia (Asian) A4i, A4ii, A4iii
Walrus Islands USA A4i, A4ii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
California Floristic Province Mexico, United States No
Japan Japan No

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes americanus (inshore sand lance)[3]
Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[4]
Ammodytes marinus (sand eel)[3]
Apodichthys flavidus (Pen-point blenny)[4]
Boreogadus saida (Polar cod)[3]
Brosmophycis marginata (Red brotulid)[3]
Chilara taylori (Spotted cusk-eel)[3]
Citharichthys sordidus (Sanddab)[3]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[5]
Clupea pallasii pallasii (Pacific herring)[4]
Eleginus gracilis (Wachna cod)[3]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[3]
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)[3]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[3]
Glyptocephalus zachirus (Witch)[3]
Gobiesox maeandricus (Northern clingfish)[4]
Lepidogobius lepidus (Finescale goby)[3]
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)[4]
Lumpenus sagitta (Eel-blenny)[4]
Macruronus magellanicus (Patagonian whiphake)[3]
Macruronus novaezelandiae (Whiptail hake)[3]
Mallotus villosus (Capelin)[3]
Microgadus proximus (Tommy cod)[4]
Micromesistius australis (Southern poutassou)[3]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[3]
Octopus rubescens (East Pacific red octopus)[3]
Parophrys vetulus (English sole)[5]
Pholis laeta (Crescent gunnel)[4]
Pleurogrammus azonus (Okhotsk atka mackerel)[3]
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)[3]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[3]
Porichthys notatus (Midshipman)[3]
Pseudophycis bachus (Southern rockcod)[3]
Rhinogobiops nicholsii (Blackeye goby)[3]
Symphurus atricaudus (California tonguefish)[3]
Tarletonbeania crenularis (Blue lanternfish)[3]
Trachurus symmetricus (Scad)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Aechmophorus occidentalis (Western Grebe)2
Ardea herodias (Great Blue Heron)1
Artedius lateralis (Smooth-head sculpin)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)1
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)1
Beringraja binoculata (Big skate)1
Brachyramphus brevirostris (Kittlitz's Murrelet)1
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)1
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)2
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)3
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)2
Clangula hyemalis (Oldsquaw)1
Dasycottus setiger (Spinyhead sculpin)1
Erignathus barbatus (Bearded Seal)1
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)3
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)2
Fratercula corniculata (Horned Puffin)1
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)2
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)2
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)1
Hexagrammos stelleri (Greenling)1
Hippoglossoides elassodon (Paper sole)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)2
Hydroprogne caspia (Caspian Tern)1
Leptocottus armatus (Cabezon)1
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)1
Merluccius productus (Whiting)2
Nycticorax nycticorax (Black-crowned Night-Heron)1
Oncorhynchus clarkii (Cutthroat trout)3
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)1
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)4
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)1
Podiceps auritus (Horned Grebe)3
Podiceps grisegena (Red-necked Grebe)2
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)2
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)1
Sebastes crameri (Rockfish)1
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)2
Sebastes melanops (Black bass)1
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)2
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)1
Uria aalge (Common Murre)1

Predators

Falco peregrinus (Peregrine Falcon)[3]
Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[3]
Haliaeetus pelagicus (Steller's Sea-Eagle)[6]
Homo sapiens (man)[3]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Andracantha phalacrocoracis[7]
Ceratophyllus niger (Western chicken flea)[8]
Contracaecum himeu <Unverified Name>[7]
Contracaecum microcephalum <Unverified Name>[7]
Corynosoma strumosum[7]
Liliatrema skrjabini[7]
Liliatrema sobolevi <Unverified Name>[7]
Mioctenopsylla traubi kurilensis[8]

Range Map

North America; Oceania;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Johnsgard, PA 1993. Cormorants, Darters, and Pelicans of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 4Food Web Relationships of Northern Puget Sound and the Strait of Juan de Fuca : a Synthesis of the Available Knowledge, Charles A. Simenstad, Bruce S. Miller, Carl F. Nyblade, Kathleen Thornburgh, and Lewis J. Bledsoe, EPA-600 7-29-259 September 1979 5Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository. 6Diet of the Steller’s Sea Eagle in the Northern Sea of Okhotsk, Irina UTEKHINA, Eugene POTAPOV & Michael J. MCGRADY, First Symposium on Steller’s and White-tailed Sea Eagles in East Asia pp. 71-82, 2000 7Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London 8International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access