Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Procellariiformes > Procellariidae > Puffinus > Puffinus tenuirostris
 

Puffinus tenuirostris (Short-tailed Shearwater)

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Wikipedia Abstract

The short-tailed shearwater or slender-billed shearwater (Ardenna tenuirostris; formerly Puffinus tenuirostris), also called yolla or moonbird, and commonly known as the muttonbird in Australia, is the most abundant seabird species in Australian waters, and is one of the few Australian native birds in which the chicks are commercially harvested.
View Wikipedia Record: Puffinus tenuirostris

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
28
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.29458
EDGE Score: 2.22943

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.10 lbs (499 g)
Birth Weight [2]  82 grams
Diet [3]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [3]  70 %
Diet - Invertibrates [3]  30 %
Forages - Water Surface [3]  20 %
Forages - Underwater [3]  80 %
Clutch Size [1]  1
Incubation [1]  53 days
Maximum Longevity [1]  30 years
Migration [4]  Interoceanic
Wing Span [5]  37 inches (.95 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Antipodes Subantarctic Islands tundra Australia, New Zealand Australasia Tundra    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Ib 2347132 Alaska, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Ib 12402936 Alaska, United States
Cabrillo National Monument V 149 California, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Coorong National Park II 121235 South Australia, Australia
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Flinders Chase National Park II 81245 South Australia, Australia
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park   Hawaii, United States
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
Lavinia Nature Reserve State Reserve II 17390 Tasmania, Australia    
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  
Maria Island National Park II 28488 Tasmania, Australia
Mu Ko Surin National Park Marine National Park II 39278 Thailand    
National Park of American Samoa II   American Samoa, United States    
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Ostrov Vrangelya (Wrangel Island) Zapovednik Nature Monument III 180 Russia    
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Santa Cruz Island Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 46021 California, United States
Wilson's Promontory National Park II 119279 Victoria, Australia

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Babushkina bay Russia (Asian) A1, A4i, A4iii

Prey / Diet

Ammodytes hexapterus (Stout sand lance)[6]
Ceratoscopelus warmingii (Warming's lanternfish)[7]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[6]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[6]
Cololabis saira (Skipper)[7]
Cyllopus magellanicus[6]
Diaphus theta (California headlightfish)[7]
Doryteuthis opalescens (california market squid)[8]
Electrona antarctica (Lanternfish)[6]
Electrona risso (Risso's lanternfish)[7]
Engraulis anchoita (Anchoita)[6]
Engraulis australis (Australian anchovy)[6]
Engraulis capensis (Southern African anchovy)[6]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[6]
Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)[6]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[6]
Euphausia pacifica (Pacific krill)[9]
Euphausia superba (Antarctic krill)[6]
Euphausia vallentini[6]
Fusitriton oregonensis (Oregon triton)[6]
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)[6]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[6]
Krefftichthys anderssoni (Anderson's lanternfish)[6]
Lampanyctus jordani (Brokenline lanternfish)[6]
Lepas australis[6]
Nannobrachium regale (Small-eyed lantern-fish)[7]
Nannobrachium ritteri (Broadfin lanternfish)[7]
Notolepis coatsi (Antarctic jonasfish)[6]
Nyctiphanes australis[6]
Primno macropa[6]
Protomyctophum thompsoni (Bigeye lanternfish)[7]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[6]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[6]
Slosarczykovia circumantarctica[6]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[6]
Stenobrachius leucopsarus (Smallfin lanternfish)[6]
Symbolophorus californiensis (California lanternfish)[7]
Themisto gaudichaudii[6]
Thysanoessa gregaria[6]
Thysanoessa inermis[9]
Thysanoessa longipes[9]
Thysanoessa raschii (Arctic krill)[6]
Thysanoessa spinifera[9]
Vibilia antarctica[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)1
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)1
Arctocephalus townsendi (Guadalupe Fur Seal)1
Atheresthes stomias (Turbot)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)3
Balaenoptera musculus (Blue Whale)4
Balaenoptera physalus (Fin Whale)2
Bathyraja interrupta (Sandpaper skate)3
Bathyraja trachura (Roughtail skate)1
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)3
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)1
Caulolatilus princeps (Bighead tilefish)1
Cepphus columba (Pigeon Guillemot)1
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)1
Chroicocephalus philadelphia (Bonaparte's Gull)1
Citharichthys sordidus (Sanddab)2
Cololabis saira (Skipper)1
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)1
Diaphus theta (California headlightfish)2
Enhydra lutris (Sea Otter)1
Eopsetta jordani (Petrale sole)1
Eschrichtius robustus (Gray Whale)1
Fratercula arctica (Atlantic Puffin)1
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)2
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)1
Gavia arctica (Black-throated Loon)1
Genyonemus lineatus (White croaker)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)1
Kogia breviceps (Pygmy Sperm Whale)1
Lampanyctus jordani (Brokenline lanternfish)1
Larus californicus (California Gull)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)1
Larus heermanni (Heermann's Gull)1
Lissodelphis borealis (Northern Right Whale Dolphin)1
Lyopsetta exilis (Slender sole)1
Megaptera novaeangliae (Humpback Whale)3
Merluccius productus (Whiting)1
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)1
Nansenia candida (Bluethroat argentine)1
Oceanodroma leucorhoa (Leach's Storm-Petrel)1
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)1
Phalacrocorax penicillatus (Brandt's Cormorant)1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)1
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)1
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)1
Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Atka mackerel)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)1
Ptychoramphus aleuticus (Cassin's Auklet)2
Puffinus creatopus (Pink-footed Shearwater)1
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)1
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)2
Rissa tridactyla (Black-legged Kittiwake)3
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)2
Sebastes alutus (Snapper)2
Sebastes caurinus (Copper rockfish)1
Sebastes crameri (Rockfish)1
Sebastes diploproa (Splitnose rockfish)2
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)3
Sebastes goodei (Rockfish)1
Sebastes maliger (Rockfish)1
Sebastes pinniger (Rockfish)2
Sebastes serranoides (Rockfish)2
Sigmops gracilis (Slender fangjaw)1
Stenobrachius leucopsarus (Smallfin lanternfish)1
Sterna paradisaea (Arctic Tern)1
Synthliboramphus antiquus (Ancient Murrelet)3
Tarletonbeania crenularis (Blue lanternfish)1
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)1
Uria aalge (Common Murre)1
Zalophus californianus (California Sealion)1

Predators

Haliaeetus leucocephalus (Bald Eagle)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anisakis appendiculata <Unverified Name>[10]
Parapsyllus australiacus[11]
Parapsyllus taylori[11]
Seuratia puffini <Unverified Name>[10]
Tetrabothrius macrocephalus[10]

Range Map

North America; Oceania;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
2Terje Lislevand, Jordi Figuerola, and Tamás Székely. 2007. Avian body sizes in relation to fecundity, mating system, display behavior, and resource sharing. Ecology 88:1605
3Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
5del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository.
8CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
9Seabird distribution, abundance and diets in the eastern and central Aleutian Islands, J. JAHNCKE, K. O. COYLE AND GEORGE L. HUNT, JR, Fish. Oceanogr. 14 (Suppl. 1), 160–177, 2005
10Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
11International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access