Animalia > Chordata > Aves > Procellariiformes > Procellariidae > Puffinus > Puffinus griseus
 

Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)

Language: French; Spanish

Wikipedia Abstract

The sooty shearwater (Ardenna grisea) is a medium-large shearwater in the seabird family Procellariidae. Ardenna was first used to refer to a seabird by Italian naturalist Ulisse Aldrovandi in 1603, and grisea is medieval Latin for "grey". In New Zealand it is also known by its Māori name tītī and as muttonbird, like its relatives the wedge-tailed shearwater (A. pacificus) and the Australian short-tailed shearwater (A. tenuirostris).
View Wikipedia Record: Puffinus griseus

EDGE Analysis

Uniqueness Scale: Similiar (0) 
10
 Unique (100)
Uniqueness & Vulnerability Scale: Similiar & Secure (0) 
40
 Unique & Vulnerable (100)
ED Score: 8.23263
EDGE Score: 2.91589

Attributes

Adult Weight [1]  1.74 lbs (787 g)
Diet [2]  Carnivore (Invertebrates), Piscivore
Diet - Fish [2]  70 %
Diet - Invertibrates [2]  30 %
Forages - Water Surface [2]  20 %
Forages - Underwater [2]  80 %
Clutch Size [3]  1
Incubation [3]  54 days
Maximum Longevity [5]  34 years
Migration [4]  Interoceanic
Wing Span [3]  39 inches (1 m)

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Antipodes Subantarctic Islands tundra Australia, New Zealand Australasia Tundra    
Chatham Island temperate forests New Zealand Australasia Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests  
Clipperton Island shrub and grasslands France Neotropic Tropical and Subtropical Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands  
North Atlantic moist mixed forests Ireland, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Broadleaf and Mixed Forests
Scotia Sea Islands tundra United Kingdom Antarctic Tundra    
Southern Indian Ocean Islands tundra South Africa, France, Australia Antarctic Tundra    
Tristan Da Cunha-Gough Islands shrub and grasslands United Kingdom Afrotropic Temperate Grasslands, Savannas, and Shrublands    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Acadia National Park II 35996 Maine, United States
Aleutian Islands Biosphere Reserve 2720489 Alaska, United States    
Assateague Island National Seashore II 8621 Maryland, United States
Bañados del Este Wetland Reserve 986054 Uruguay  
Cabrillo National Monument V 149 California, United States
California Coast Ranges Biosphere Reserve 153447 California, United States  
Cape Cod National Seashore II 21724 Massachusetts, United States
Cape Hatteras National Seashore II 21476 North Carolina, United States
Cape Lookout National Seashore II 18379 North Carolina, United States
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge IV 8964 South Carolina, United States
Carolinian-South Atlantic Biosphere Reserve 310228 North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, United States      
Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary   California, United States
Channel Islands National Park II 139010 California, United States
Cumberland Island National Seashore II 20629 Georgia, United States
Dee Estuary/ Aber Dyfrdwy 39057 England/Wales, United Kingdom
DOÑANA 281453 Spain  
Dungeness 7966 England, United Kingdom
Elkhorn Slough Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 964 California, United States  
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge IV 352 California, United States
Flamborough Head 15597 England, United Kingdom  
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Fort Pulaski National Monument V 4213 Georgia, United States
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Ib 591068 Alaska, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Gros Morne National Park II 476632 Newfoundland, Canada
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Humber Estuary 90582 England, United Kingdom
Isle of Portland to Studland Cliffs 3577 England, United Kingdom
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park   Hawaii, United States
Kronotskiy Biosphere Reserve 361480 Russia  
La Amistad International Park National Park II 541617 Panama, Costa Rica  
Lavinia Nature Reserve State Reserve II 17390 Tasmania, Australia    
Macquarie Island Nature Reserve Ia 233540 Tasmania, Australia  
Mor Braz 99524 France    
Moray Firth 373987 Scotland, United Kingdom  
Nipomo Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 3725 California, United States
North Norfolk Coast 7926 England, United Kingdom  
Olympic Biosphere Reserve II 922805 Washington, United States
Ostrov Vrangelya (Wrangel Island) Zapovednik Nature Monument III 180 Russia    
Ouessant-Molène 190983 France  
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Palmer LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Antarctica    
Parque Nacional Laguna San Rafael National Park II 4560904 Aisén, Chile  
Point Reyes National Seashore II 27068 California, United States
Redwood National Park II 77867 California, United States
Reserva de la Biosfera El Vizcaino Biosphere Reserve VI 6176727 Mexico  
Santa Cruz Island Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve 46021 California, United States
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area V 38440 California, United States
Secteur marin de l'île d'Yeu jusqu'au continent 606421 France  
South Atlantic Coastal Plain Biosphere Reserve 20317 South Carolina, United States  
St. Kilda National Nature Reserve   Scotland, United Kingdom    
Table Mountain (Cape Peninsula) National Park II 70141 Western Cape, South Africa
Tête de Canyon du Cap Ferret 903514 France      
Tierra Del Fuego National Park II 172861 Argentina
Urdaibaiko Itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai 8011 Spain  
Virginia Coast Biosphere Reserve 33386 Virginia, United States  
West Coast National Park II 59916 Western Cape, South Africa

Important Bird Areas

BirdLife Species Factsheet: View Factsheet
Name Location  IBA Criteria   Website   Climate   Land Use 
Beauchêne Island Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii  
Bird Island Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii
Channel Islands (Northern) USA A1, A4i, A4ii  
Isla de los Estados, Islas de Año Nuevo e islotes adyacentes Argentina A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii  
Kidney Island Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4ii, A4iii
Pebble Island Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4iii  
Sea Lion Islands Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2
Seal Bay, East Falkland Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4iii  
Speedwell Island Group Falkland Islands (Malvinas) A1, A2, A4i, A4ii, A4iii

Biodiversity Hotspots

Name Location Endemic Species Website
New Zealand New Zealand No

Prey / Diet

Belone belone (Garfish)[6]
Ceratoscopelus warmingii (Warming's lanternfish)[7]
Clupea pallasii (Pacific herring)[7]
Coelorinchus fasciatus (Rattail)[8]
Coelorinchus simorhynchus[6]
Cololabis saira (Skipper)[9]
Diaphus gigas (Lanternfish)[7]
Diaphus theta (California headlightfish)[7]
Doryteuthis opalescens (california market squid)[10]
Electrona risso (Risso's lanternfish)[7]
Engraulis anchoita (Anchoita)[6]
Engraulis australis (Australian anchovy)[6]
Engraulis capensis (Southern African anchovy)[8]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[6]
Engraulis japonicus (Japanese anchovy)[6]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[6]
Engraulis ringens (Anchoveta)[11]
Euphausia lucens[6]
Euphausia pacifica (Pacific krill)[7]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[12]
Kondakovia longimana (Giant Warty Squid)[6]
Lampadena urophaos (Sunbeam lanternfish)[7]
Lampanyctodes hectoris (Lanternfish)[8]
Lampanyctus jordani (Brokenline lanternfish)[7]
Lepas fascicularis[9]
Maurolicus muelleri (Silvery lightfish)[8]
Merluccius productus (Whiting)[13]
Nannobrachium regale (Small-eyed lantern-fish)[7]
Nannobrachium ritteri (Broadfin lanternfish)[7]
Nyctiphanes australis[6]
Nyctiphanes capensis[6]
Porichthys notatus (Midshipman)[7]
Protomyctophum thompsoni (Bigeye lanternfish)[7]
Pterygosquilla armata[6]
Sardinops sagax (Australian pilchard)[9]
Scomberesox saurus (Atlantic saury)[6]
Stenobrachius leucopsarus (Smallfin lanternfish)[7]
Symbolophorus californiensis (California lanternfish)[7]
Themisto gaudichaudii[6]
Thysanoessa spinifera[7]
Velella velella (by-the wind sailor)[9]
squilla armata[8]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)4
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)2
Arctocephalus forsteri (Australasian Fur Seal)1
Arctocephalus townsendi (Guadalupe Fur Seal)1
Balaenoptera borealis (Sei Whale)1
Balaenoptera edeni (Bryde's whale)1
Bathyraja trachura (Roughtail skate)1
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)1
Brama brama (Ray's bream)2
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)2
Calonectris diomedea (Scopoli's Shearwater)1
Calonectris leucomelas (Streaked Shearwater)1
Carcharhinus falciformis (Silky shark)1
Caulolatilus princeps (Bighead tilefish)1
Centriscops humerosus (Trumpet fish)1
Cephalorhynchus eutropia (Chilean Dolphin)1
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)2
Citharichthys sordidus (Sanddab)1
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)3
Enhydra lutris (Sea Otter)1
Eopsetta jordani (Petrale sole)1
Eudyptes robustus (Snares Penguin)1
Eudyptula minor (Little Penguin)1
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)1
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)1
Gadus chalcogrammus (Whiting)1
Gadus macrocephalus (Pacific cod)1
Gadus morhua (rock cod)1
Gavia arctica (Black-throated Loon)1
Genyonemus lineatus (White croaker)1
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)2
Hydrobates pelagicus (European Storm-Petrel)1
Istiophorus platypterus (Atlantic sailfish)1
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)1
Kogia breviceps (Pygmy Sperm Whale)1
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)3
Lagenorhynchus obscurus (Dusky Dolphin)2
Lamna ditropis (Salmon shark)2
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)1
Larus californicus (California Gull)1
Larus canus (Mew Gull)1
Larus crassirostris (Black-tailed Gull)1
Larus glaucescens (Glaucous-winged Gull)1
Larus heermanni (Heermann's Gull)1
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)1
Larus occidentalis (Western Gull)2
Larus schistisagus (Slaty-backed Gull)1
Leucophaeus pipixcan (Franklin's Gull)1
Lissodelphis borealis (Northern Right Whale Dolphin)3
Merluccius productus (Whiting)1
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)2
Morus capensis (Cape Gannet)2
Morus serrator (Australasian Gannet)1
Myotis vivesi (fish-eating bat)1
Oceanodroma markhami (Markham's Storm-Petrel)1
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)2
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)1
Otaria flavescens (South American Sealion)1
Pelecanoides garnotii (Peruvian Diving Petrel)1
Pelecanus thagus (Peruvian Pelican)1
Phalacrocorax brasilianus (Neotropic Cormorant)1
Phalacrocorax capensis (Cape cormorant)2
Phalacrocorax gaimardi (red-legged cormorant)1
Phalacrocorax penicillatus (Brandt's Cormorant)1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)2
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)2
Phocoena spinipinnis (Burmeister's Porpoise)1
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)2
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)1
Pollachius pollachius (Pollock)1
Pollachius virens (Sillock)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)3
Procellaria aequinoctialis (White-chinned Petrel)4
Puffinus bulleri (Buller's Shearwater)1
Puffinus creatopus (Pink-footed Shearwater)1
Puffinus gravis (Greater Shearwater)1
Puffinus opisthomelas (Black-vented Shearwater)1
Puffinus tenuirostris (Short-tailed Shearwater)1
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)2
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)1
Sebastes flavidus (Yellowtail rockfish)1
Sebastes goodei (Rockfish)1
Spheniscus demersus (Jackass Penguin)2
Stenella attenuata (Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)1
Sula leucogaster (Brown Booby)1
Sula nebouxii (Blue-footed Booby)2
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)1
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)1
Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel)2
Tursiops truncatus (Bottlenosed Dolphin)3
Uria aalge (Common Murre)1
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)1
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)1
Zalophus californianus (California Sealion)2

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Cardiocephaloides physalis[14]
Notiopsylla enciari enciari[15]
Notiopsylla enciari regula[15]
Notiopsylla kerguelensis kerguelensis[15]
Notiopsylla peregrinus[15]
Parapsyllus dacunhai[15]
Parapsyllus jacksoni[15]
Parapsyllus lynnae lynnae[15]
Seuratia puffini <Unverified Name>[14]
Tetrabothrius scoogi <Unverified Name>[14]

Range Map

Cape Peninsula National Park; North America;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Palmer, RS 1962–1988 Handbook of North American Birds. Yale University Press, New Haven CT. Volumes 1–5
2Hamish Wilman, Jonathan Belmaker, Jennifer Simpson, Carolina de la Rosa, Marcelo M. Rivadeneira, and Walter Jetz. 2014. EltonTraits 1.0: Species-level foraging attributes of the world's birds and mammals. Ecology 95:2027
3del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
4Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
5de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics.
7Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository.
8Jackson, S. (1988). Diets of the white-chinned petrel and sooty shearwater in the southern Benguela Region, South Africa Condor 90, 20–28
9FEEDING ECOLOGY AND BODY SIZE DEPENDENCE ON DIET OF THE SOOTY SHEARWATER, PUFFINUS GRISEUS, IN THE NORTH PACIFIC, Kouzi SHIOMI and Haruo OGI, Proc. NIPR Symp. Polar Biol., 5, 105-113, 1992
10CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database
11THE PREDATION OF GUANO BIRDS ON THE PERUVIAN ANCHOVY (Engraulis ringens JENYNS), Romulo Jordán, CALIFORNIA COOPERATIVE OCEANIC FISHERIES INVESTIGATIONS, REPORTS VOLUME XI, 1 JULY 1963 TO 30 JUNE 1966, p. 105-109
12Feeding Spectrum and Trophic Relationships of Short-finned Squid (Illex illecebrosus) in the Northwest Atlantic, Yu. M. Froerman, NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 7: 67-75 (1984)
13Trophic Role of the Pacific Whiting, Merluccius productus, P. A. LIVINGSTON and K. M. BAILEY, Marine Fisheries Review 47(2), 1985, p. 16-22
14Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
15International Flea Database
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Protected Areas provided by Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955
Biodiversity Hotspots provided by Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access