Animalia > Arthropoda > Insecta > Lepidoptera > Papilionoidea > Papilionidae > Battus > Battus philenor

Battus philenor (pipevine swallowtail)

Wikipedia Abstract

The Pipevine Swallowtail or Blue Swallowtail (Battus philenor) is a swallowtail butterfly found in North America and Central America. The butterflies are black with iridescent blue hind wings. They are found in many different habitats, but are most commonly found in forests. The black or red caterpillars feed on Aristolochia species, making them poisonous as both larvae and adults, while the adults feed on the nectar of a variety of flowers.
View Wikipedia Record: Battus philenor


Wing Span [1]  2.8 inches (.07 m)

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Carlsbad Caverns National Park II 15448 New Mexico, United States


Prey / Diet

Aristolochia californica (California dutchman's pipe)[2]
Aristolochia erecta (dutchman's pipe)[2]
Aristolochia inflata (fragrant dutchman's pipe)[2]
Aristolochia iquitensis (pipevine)[2]
Aristolochia jackii (Virginia dutchmanspipe)[2]
Aristolochia mathewsii (Texas dutchman's pipe)[2]
Aristolochia tomentosa (common dutchmanspipe)[2]
Aristolochia watsonii (Indian root)[2]
Asarum canadense (Canadian wildginger)[2]
Asclepias syriaca (broadleaf milkweed)[3]
Cirsium vulgare (Spear Thistle)[3]
Fallopia convolvulus (dullseed cornbind)[2]
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[3]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Apis mellifera (honey bee)3
Archilochus colubris (Ruby-throated Hummingbird)3
Baeolophus bicolor (Tufted Titmouse)1
Colias philodice (clouded sulphur)2
Danaus plexippus (Monarch Butterfly)1
Euphydryas phaeton (Baltimore checkerspot)1
Marmota monax (woodchuck)1
Microtus pennsylvanicus (meadow vole)1
Mimus polyglottos (Northern Mockingbird)1
Nymphalis antiopa (camberwell beauty)2
Odocoileus virginianus (white-tailed deer)2
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)3
Papilio polyxenes (Eastern black swallowtail)2
Peromyscus leucopus (white-footed mouse)1
Sialia sialis (Eastern Bluebird)1
Sphecius speciosus (cicada killer)2
Spinus tristis (American Goldfinch)2
Sylvilagus floridanus (Eastern Cottontail)1
Tamias striatus (eastern chipmunk)1


Ampelocissus latifolia (American ivy)[3]
Fragaria virginiana (Virginia Strawberry)[3]
Panicum virgatum (old switch panic grass)[3]
Pteridium aquilinum (northern bracken fern)[3]
Smilax rotundifolia (Horse Brier)[3]
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)[3]
Trifolium pratense (Red Clover)[3]


Mimiced by 
Papilio glaucus (Eastern tiger swallowtail)[3]
Papilio polyxenes (Eastern black swallowtail)[3]
Pollinator of 
Asclepias syriaca (broadleaf milkweed)[3]
Cirsium vulgare (Spear Thistle)[3]
Lonicera japonica (Chinese honeysuckle)[3]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo


Belize; Canada; Mexico; United States.;



Attributes / relations provided by 1Butterflies of Canada, Canadian Biodiversity Information Facility 2HOSTS - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants Gaden S. Robinson, Phillip R. Ackery, Ian J. Kitching, George W. Beccaloni AND Luis M. Hernández 3Study of Northern Virginia Ecology
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access