Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Perciformes > Scombridae > Thunnus > Thunnus thynnus
 

Thunnus thynnus (horse mackerel; Atlantic bluefin tuna; Blue fin tuna; Bluefin Tuna; Bluefin tunny; Blue-fin tunny; Northern bluefin tuna; Southern bluefin tuna; Squid hound; Tuna)

Synonyms: Albacora thynnus; Orcynus secondidorsalis; Orcynus thynnus; Scomber thynnus; Thunnus secundodorsalis; Thunnus thynnus thynnus; Thunnus thynus; Thunnus vulgaris; Thynnus linnei; Thynnus mediterraneus; Thynnus secundo-dorsalis; Thynnus secundodorsalis; Thynnus thynnus; Thynnus vulgaris
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Wikipedia Abstract

The Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) is a species of tuna in the Scombridae family. It is variously known as the northern bluefin tuna (mainly when including Pacific bluefin as a subspecies), giant bluefin tuna (for individuals exceeding 150 kilograms or around 330 pounds) and formerly as the tunny.Atlantic bluefin are native to both the western and eastern Atlantic Ocean, as well as the Mediterranean Sea. Atlantic bluefin have become extinct in the Black Sea.
View Wikipedia Record: Thunnus thynnus

Endangered Species

Status: Endangered
View IUCN Record: Thunnus thynnus

Attributes

Adult Weight [2]  829.38 lbs (376.20 kg)
Female Maturity [4]  3 years 9 months
Male Maturity [2]  3 years 9 months
Diet [1]  Carnivore
Emoji [3]  fish
Maximum Longevity [4]  15 years
Migration [5]  Oceanodromous
Water Biome [1]  Pelagic, Coastal

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Arcipelago delle Egadi - area marina e terrestre 119270 Italy    
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary IV 2387149 Florida, United States
Forillon National Park II 61010 Quebec, Canada  
Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve II 366714 British Columbia, Canada
Pacific Rim National Park Reserve II 137900 British Columbia, Canada
Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve 978001 Russia  
Tsitsikamma National Park II 34343 Southern Cape, South Africa  

Prey / Diet

Alatina alata[6]
Ammodytes dubius (offshore sand lance)[7]
Anchoa spinifer (Spicule anchovy)[6]
Arctozenus risso (Spotted barracudina)[6]
Argonauta argo (greater argonaut)[6]
Belone belone (Garfish)[8]
Brama brama (Ray's bream)[6]
Brevoortia tyrannus (Shad)[6]
Clupea harengus (Yawling)[7]
Cololabis saira (Skipper)[9]
Doryteuthis opalescens (california market squid)[9]
Engraulis encrasicolus (Southern African anchovy)[8]
Engraulis mordax (Californian anchoveta)[9]
Funchalia woodwardi[6]
Gadus morhua (rock cod)[6]
Galiteuthis armata (armed cranch squid)[6]
Haliclona oculata (Finger sponge)[6]
Heteroteuthis dispar (odd bobtail squid)[6]
Hippoglossina oblonga (Fourspot flounder)[6]
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)[6]
Homarus americanus (American lobster)[6]
Illex illecebrosus (northern shortfin squid)[10]
Limanda limanda (Sand dab)[6]
Lolliguncula brevis (Atlantic brief squid)[6]
Maurolicus muelleri (Silvery lightfish)[6]
Meganyctiphanes norvegica (Norwegian krill)[6]
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)[6]
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)[7]
Merluccius productus (Whiting)[11]
Micromesistius poutassou (Poutassou)[6]
Microstomus kitt (Sweet fluke)[6]
Octopus bimaculatus (california two-spot octopus)[9]
Ocythoe tuberculata (Tuberculate Pelagic Octopus)[12]
Paralepis coregonoides (Barracudina)[6]
Pasiphaea sivado (white glass shrimp)[6]
Peprilus triacanthus (Sheephead)[7]
Phronima sedentaria (Cooper of the sea)[6]
Pollachius virens (Sillock)[6]
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)[7]
Porichthys myriaster (Specklefin midshipman)[9]
Pseudopleuronectes americanus (rough flounder)[6]
Sardina pilchardus (European pilchard)[8]
Scomber japonicus (Striped mackerel)[9]
Scomber scombrus (Split)[7]
Scomberesox saurus (Atlantic saury)[6]
Scophthalmus aquosus (brill)[7]
Scyliorhinus canicula (Small-spotted catshark)[6]
Sergia robusta[6]
Sprattus sprattus (Whitebait)[8]
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)[7]
Stephanolepis hispidus (Triggerfish)[6]
Suberites ficus (fig sponge)[7]
Syngnathus phlegon (Pipefish)[6]
Thysanoteuthis rhombus (diamond squid)[12]
Todarodes sagittatus (European flying squid)[6]
Trachurus symmetricus (Scad)[9]
Trachurus trachurus (Scad)[6]

Prey / Diet Overlap

Competing SpeciesCommon Prey Count
Alepisaurus ferox (Wolffish)2
Alopias vulpinus (Zorro thresher shark)4
Alosa pseudoharengus (kyack)1
Alosa sapidissima (American shad)1
Amblyraja radiata (Starry ray)2
Anoplopoma fimbria (Skil)1
Balaenoptera acutorostrata (Minke Whale)3
Bathyraja trachura (Roughtail skate)1
Brachyramphus marmoratus (Marbled Murrelet)1
Callorhinus ursinus (Northern Fur Seal)2
Calonectris diomedea (Cory's Shearwater)1
Carcharhinus falciformis (Silky shark)1
Carcharias taurus (Spotted sand tiger shark)1
Carcharodon carcharias (Maneater shark)1
Caretta caretta (Loggerhead)1
Centropristis striata (Sea bass)1
Cerorhinca monocerata (Rhinoceros Auklet)1
Coryphaena hippurus (Mahi-mahi)6
Delphinus delphis (Short-beaked Saddleback Dolphin)6
Eumetopias jubatus (Steller Sea Lion)1
Fratercula cirrhata (Tufted Puffin)1
Fulmarus glacialis (Northern Fulmar)1
Galeocerdo cuvier (Tiger-shark)1
Globicephala melas (Long-finned Pilot Whale)3
Grampus griseus (Risso's Dolphin)1
Halichoerus grypus (Gray Seal)2
Hexanchus griseus (Bluntnose six-gill shark)2
Hippoglossoides platessoides (American dab)1
Hippoglossus stenolepis (Pacific halibut)3
Istiophorus platypterus (Atlantic sailfish)1
Isurus oxyrinchus (Short-finned mako)3
Katsuwonus pelamis (White bonito)1
Lagenorhynchus acutus (Atlantic White-sided Dolphin)2
Lagenorhynchus obliquidens (Pacific White-sided Dolphin)2
Lamna ditropis (Salmon shark)1
Lamna nasus (Porbeagle shark)6
Larus argentatus (Herring Gull)1
Larus marinus (Great Black-backed Gull)1
Larus occidentalis (Western Gull)1
Leucoraja erinacea (common skate)2
Limanda ferruginea (rusty flounder)1
Lissodelphis borealis (Northern Right Whale Dolphin)1
Lophius americanus (Monkfish)2
Melanogrammus aeglefinus (Smokie)1
Merluccius bilinearis (Whiting)3
Mirounga angustirostris (Northern Elephant Seal)2
Morus bassanus (Northern Gannet)3
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus (Sea raven)1
Ophiodon elongatus (Lingcod)1
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)2
Pagophilus groenlandicus (Harp Seal)1
Phalacrocorax auritus (Double-crested Cormorant)1
Phoca vitulina (Harbor Seal)2
Phocoena phocoena (Harbor Porpoise)4
Phocoenoides dalli (Dall's Porpoise)1
Physeter macrocephalus (Sperm Whale)2
Polyprion americanus (Wreck-fish)1
Pomatomus saltatrix (Tailor run)1
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)6
Pseudorca crassidens (False Killer Whale)1
Puffinus gravis (Greater Shearwater)1
Puffinus griseus (Sooty Shearwater)2
Rachycentron canadum (Sergent fish)1
Raja clavata (Roker)2
Raja rhina (Longnose skate)1
Reinhardtius hippoglossoides (Turbot)2
Rynchops niger (Black Skimmer)1
Sarda sarda (Stripe-backed pelamis)1
Scomber scombrus (Split)1
Seriola dumerili (Yellow tail)2
Seriola rivoliana (Pacific amberjack)1
Serranus cabrilla (Learned rockfich)1
Sphyrna zygaena (Smooth hammerhead shark)3
Squalus acanthias (Common spiny)4
Stenella attenuata (Pantropical Spotted Dolphin)1
Sterna hirundo (Common Tern)1
Thunnus alalunga (longfinned albacore)3
Thunnus albacares (Yellowfin-tuna)1
Uria aalge (Common Murre)2
Urophycis chuss (Squirrel hake)3
Xiphias gladius (Swordfish)8
Zalophus californianus (California Sealion)1

Predators

Acanthocybium solandri (Wahoo fish)[6]
Carcharodon carcharias (Maneater shark)[13]
Isurus paucus (Long-fin mako)[13]
Makaira nigricans (Ocean guard)[6]
Onychoprion fuscatus (Sooty Tern)[6]
Orcinus orca (Killer Whale)[6]
Prionace glauca (Tribon blou)[6]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Anaplerurus thynnusi <Unverified Name>[14]
Anisakis pegreffii <Unverified Name>[14]
Anisakis simplex[14]
Anisakis typica[14]
Anthocephalus elongatus <Unverified Name>[14]
Aphanurus stossichi[14]
Aponurus laguncula[14]
Ascaris longestriata <Unverified Name>[14]
Benedenia seriolae[14]
Bolbosoma vasculosum[14]
Bucephalopsis sibi <Unverified Name>[14]
Caballerocotyla albsmithi[14]
Caballerocotyla gouri <Unverified Name>[14]
Caballerocotyla magronum[14]
Caballerocotyla paucispinosoa <Unverified Name>[14]
Callitetrarhynchus gracilis[14]
Callitetrarhynchus speciosus[14]
Capsala onchidiocotyle[14]
Cetiotrema crassum <Unverified Name>[14]
Coeliotrema thynni[14]
Didymocylindrus filiformes <Unverified Name>[14]
Didymocylindrus fusiforme <Unverified Name>[14]
Didymocystis crassa <Unverified Name>[14]
Didymocystis dissimilis <Unverified Name>[14]
Didymocystis nasalis <Unverified Name>[14]
Didymocystis ovata <Unverified Name>[14]
Didymocystis philobranchia[14]
Didymocystis reniformis[14]
Didymocystis semiglobularis <Unverified Name>[14]
Didymocystis soleiformis <Unverified Name>[14]
Didymocystis thynni[14]
Didymocystoides semiglobularis <Unverified Name>[14]
Didymoproblema fusiforme[14]
Didymostoma bipartium <Unverified Name>[14]
Didymosulcus nasalis <Unverified Name>[14]
Didymosulcus philobranchia <Unverified Name>[14]
Didymosulcus soleiformis <Unverified Name>[14]
Didymosulcus wedli[14]
Didymozoon filicolle <Unverified Name>[14]
Didymozoon longicolle <Unverified Name>[14]
Didymozoon pretiosum[14]
Didymozoon thynni <Unverified Name>[14]
Distomum clavatum <Unverified Name>[14]
Heptachona caudata[14]
Heptochona caudata <Unverified Name>[14]
Hexostoma acutum[14]
Hexostoma albsmithi[14]
Hexostoma dissimile[14]
Hexostoma grossa[14]
Hexostoma thunninae <Unverified Name>[14]
Hexostoma thynni[14]
Hirudinella clavata <Unverified Name>[14]
Hirudinella fusca[14]
Hirudinella ventricosa[14]
Hysterothylacium cornutum <Unverified Name>[14]
Koellikeria bipartita[14]
Koellikeria globosa <Unverified Name>[14]
Koellikeria orientalis <Unverified Name>[14]
Koellikeria reniformis <Unverified Name>[14]
Koellikerioides orientalis[14]
Kuhnia thunni[14]
Lacistorhynchus bulbifer <Unverified Name>[14]
Lacistorhynchus tenuis[14]
Lecithaster gibbosus[14]
Lecithochirium imocavum <Unverified Name>[14]
Lecithocladium excisum[14]
Lobatozoum multisacculatum[14]
Metapseudaxine ventrosicula[14]
Nasicola hogansi[14]
Nasicola klawei[14]
Neohexostoma extensicaudatum[14]
Neohexostoma thunninae[14]
Neorhadinorhynchus nudus[14]
Nybelinia lingualis[14]
Oesophagocystis dissimilis[14]
Oncophora melanocephala[14]
Oncophora neglecta <Unverified Name>[14]
Pelichnibothrium speciosum[14]
Plagiopeltis duplicata <Unverified Name>[14]
Prosorhynchoides sibi[14]
Pseudoterranova decipiens[14]
Rhadinorhynchus johnstoni[14]
Rhadinorhynchus pristis[14]
Sibitrema poonui[14]
Sterrhurus imocavus[14]
Tentacularia coryphaenae[14]
Tetrarhynchus scomberthynnus <Unverified Name>[14]
Tristoma interruptum <Unverified Name>[14]
Tristomella interrupta[14]
Tristomella nozawae[14]
Tristomella onchidiocotyle[14]
Univitellodidymocystis lingualis <Unverified Name>[14]
Univitellodidymocystis neothunni <Unverified Name>[14]
Wedlia bipartita <Unverified Name>[14]
Wedlia globosa <Unverified Name>[14]
Wedlia orientalis <Unverified Name>[14]
Wedlia reniformis <Unverified Name>[14]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Monterey Bay Aquariumorientalis

Distribution

Western Atlantic: Canada, Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean Sea to Venezuela and Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Lofoten Islands off Norway to Canary Islands, including the Mediterranean and the southern part of the Black Sea (Ref. 6769). Reported from Mauritania (Ref. 5377). There is a subpopulation off South Africa. Highly migratory species, Annex I of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea (Ref. 26139).;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by 1Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org 2de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774 3Emoji by Twitter is licensed under CC BY 4.0 4Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495. 5Riede, Klaus (2004) Global Register of Migratory Species - from Global to Regional Scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. 330 pages + CD-ROM 6Jorrit H. Poelen, James D. Simons and Chris J. Mungall. (2014). Global Biotic Interactions: An open infrastructure to share and analyze species-interaction datasets. Ecological Informatics. 7Differences in diet of Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus) at five seasonal feeding grounds on the New England continental shelf, Bradford C. Chase, Fishery Bulletin 100 no2 168-80 Ap 2002 8Feeding habits and trophic levels of Mediterranean fish, Konstantinos I. Stergiou & Vasiliki S. Karpouzi, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 11: 217–254, 2002 9Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Ecological Informatics 29(1): 45-56. Szoboszlai AI, Thayer JA, Wood SA, Sydeman WJ, Koehn LE (2015) Data from: Forage species in predator diets: synthesis of data from the California Current. Dryad Digital Repository. 10Feeding Spectrum and Trophic Relationships of Short-finned Squid (Illex illecebrosus) in the Northwest Atlantic, Yu. M. Froerman, NAFO Sci. Coun. Studies, 7: 67-75 (1984) 11Trophic Role of the Pacific Whiting, Merluccius productus, P. A. LIVINGSTON and K. M. BAILEY, Marine Fisheries Review 47(2), 1985, p. 16-22 12CephBase - Cephalopod (Octopus, Squid, Cuttlefish and Nautilus) Database 13Food of Northwest Atlantic Fishes and Two Common Species of Squid, Ray E. Bowman, Charles E. Stillwell, William L. Michaels, and Marvin D. Grosslein, NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-NE-155 (2000) 14Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Protected Areas provided by Natura 2000, UK data: © Crown copyright and database right [2010] All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100017955 Biological Inventories of the World's Protected Areas in cooperation between the Information Center for the Environment at the University of California, Davis and numerous collaborators.
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