Animalia > Chordata > Actinopterygii > Cypriniformes > Cyprinidae > Pimephales > Pimephales promelas
 

Pimephales promelas (Black-head minnow; Fathead minnow)

Synonyms: Cliola smithii; Colistus parietalis; Hyborhynchus confertus; Hyborhynchus nigellus; Hyborhynchus puniceus; Pimephales agassizii; Pimephales anuli; Pimephales fasciatus; Pimephales maculosus; Pimephales milesii; Pimephales promelas harveyensis; Pimephales promelas promelas; Pimephalus promelas; Plargyrus melanocephalus
Language: Czech; Danish; Finnish; French; German; Mandarin Chinese; Spanish; Swedish

Wikipedia Abstract

The fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas), is a species of temperate freshwater fish belonging to the Pimephales genus of the cyprinid family. The natural geographic range extends throughout much of North America, from central Canada south along the Rockies to Texas, and east to Virginia and the Northeastern United States. This minnow has also been introduced to many other areas via bait bucket releases.
View Wikipedia Record: Pimephales promelas

Attributes

Female Maturity [1]  60 days
Male Maturity [3]  60 days
Diet [2]  Planktivore, Detritivore, Carnivore (Invertebrates)
Adult Length [1]  3.9 inches (10 cm)
Brood Dispersal [1]  In a nest
Brood Egg Substrate [1]  Speleophils (cavity generalist)
Brood Guarder [1]  Yes
Gestation [3]  5 days
Litter Size [1]  4,500
Maximum Longevity [1]  2 years

Ecoregions

Name Countries Ecozone Biome Species Report Climate Land
Use
Alaska & Canada Pacific Coastal Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Appalachian Piedmont United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Central & Western Europe Austria, Belgium, Byelarus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Palearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Chesapeake Bay United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Colorado Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Columbia Glaciated Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Columbia Unglaciated United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Gila Mexico, United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    
Lower Mississippi United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Mobile Bay United States Nearctic Temperate Floodplain River and Wetlands    
Northeast US & Southeast Canada Atlantic Drainages Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Oregon & Northern California Coastal United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Ouachita Highlands United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Ozark Highlands United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Sacramento - San Joaquin United States Nearctic Temperate Coastal Rivers    
Teays - Old Ohio United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Tennessee United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Upper Missouri Canada, United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Upper Snake United States Nearctic Temperate Upland Rivers    
Vegas - Virgin United States Nearctic Xeric Freshwaters and Endorheic Basins    

Protected Areas

Name IUCN Category Area acres Location Species Website Climate Land Use
Algonquin Provincial Park IV 1868802 Ontario, Canada
Arches National Park II 76539 Utah, United States
Audubon National Wildlife Refuge IV 14642 North Dakota, United States
Banff National Park II 1690912 Alberta, Canada
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area V 36286 Montana, Wyoming, United States
Bruce Peninsula National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Calvin College Ecosystem Preserve 90 Michigan, United States
Canyonlands National Park II 335430 Utah, United States
Champlain-Adirondack Biosphere Reserve 9859505 New York, Vermont, United States  
Elk Island National Park II 47171 Alberta, Canada
Fathom Five National Marine Park II   Ontario, Canada
George WA Carver National Monument V 210 Missouri, United States
Gettysburg National Military Park V 3560 Pennsylvania, United States
Golden Gate National Recreation Area V 26135 California, United States
Grasslands National Park II 128635 Saskatchewan, Canada
Greenwater Provincial Park II 11019 Ontario, Canada
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site III 861 Pennsylvania, United States
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore II 8272 Indiana, United States
La Mauricie National Park II 131706 Quebec, Canada
Land Between the Lakes Biosphere Reserve V 166264 Kentucky, Tennessee, United States
New Jersey Pinelands Biosphere Reserve   New Jersey, United States  
Niagara Escarpment Biosphere Reserve 470167 Ontario, Canada  
Nipomo Dunes Preserve Nature Conservancy - Preserve Ia 3725 California, United States
North Temperate Lakes LTER Site Long Term Ecological Research   Wisconsin, United States
Oak Ridge National Environmental Research Park 20001 Tennessee, United States
Pipestone National Monument V 326 Minnesota, United States
Prince Albert National Park II 976762 Saskatchewan, Canada
Pukaskwa National Park II 459860 Ontario, Canada
Redberry Lake Biosphere Reserve 277252 Saskatchewan, Canada
Riding Mountain Biosphere Reserve II 762028 Manitoba, Canada
Rock Creek Park   District of Columbia, United States
Saint Croix International Historic Site   Maine, United States
Saint Lawrence Islands National Park II   Ontario, Canada
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore II 62563 Michigan, United States
Southern Appalachian Biosphere Reserve 37548505 North Carolina, Tennessee, United States  
Upper Miss. River Nat'l Wildlife Refuge National Wildlife Refuge VI 25823 Illinois, Iowa, Wisconsin, United States
Valley Forge National Historical Park VI 3509 Pennsylvania, United States
Voyageurs National Park II 177960 Minnesota, United States
Waterton Biosphere Reserve II 121459 Alberta, Canada
Wilson's Creek National Battlefield V   Missouri, United States
Wood Buffalo National Park II 11038545 Alberta, Canada

Predators

Pelecanus erythrorhynchos (American White Pelican)[4]

Consumers

Parasitized by 
Acanthocephalus dirus[5]
Allocreadium lobatum[5]
Bothriocephalus acheilognathi[5]
Centrocestus formosanus <Unverified Name>[5]
Clinostomum complanatum <Unverified Name>[5]
Clinostomum marginatum[5]
Crassiphiala bulboglossa[5]
Dactylogyrus bifurcatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus bychowski <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus bychowskii <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus pectenatus <Unverified Name>[5]
Dactylogyrus simplex <Unverified Name>[5]
Diplostomum spathaceum[5]
Gyrodactylus hoffmani <Unverified Name>[5]
Gyrodactylus lacustris <Unverified Name>[5]
Ligula intestinalis[5]
Neoechinorhynchus rutili[5]
Octomacrum lanceatum[5]
Octomacrum semotili <Unverified Name>[5]
Ornithodiplostomum ptychocheilus[5]
Plagioporus sinitsini <Unverified Name>[5]
Pliovitellaria wisconsinensis <Unverified Name>[5]
Posthodiplostomum minimum[5]
Raphidascaris acus <Unverified Name>[5]
Tanaorhamphus longirostris[5]
Triaenophorus nodulosus[5]
Uvulifer ambloplitis <Unverified Name>[5]

Institutions (Zoos, etc.)

    Maps
Institution Infraspecies / Breed 
Burger's Zoo
John G. Shedd Aquarium
Milwaukee County Zoological Gardens
Wonders of Wildlife Museum

Range Map

America, North - Inland waters; Belgium; Canada; Europe - Inland waters; France; Germany, Fed. Rep.; Iran (Islamic Rep. of); Mackenzie; Mexico; Mississippi; Missouri; Nearctic; Nelson-Saskatchewan; Neotropical; North America: Over much of North America from Quebec to Northwest Territories, Canada and south to Alabama, Texas and New Mexico, USA. Also in Mexico. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction.; North America: Over much of North America from Quebec to Northwest Territories, Canada and south to Alabama, Texas and New Mexico, USA. Also in Mexico. Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction. Asia: Iran (Ref. 39702).; Palearctic; Puerto Rico; Rio Grande; USA (contiguous states); United Kingdom;

Photos

Citations

Attributes / relations provided by
1Frimpong, E.A., and P. L. Angermeier. 2009. FishTraits: a database of ecological and life-history traits of freshwater fishes of the United States. Fisheries 34:487-495.
2Myers, P., R. Espinosa, C. S. Parr, T. Jones, G. S. Hammond, and T. A. Dewey. 2006. The Animal Diversity Web (online). Accessed February 01, 2010 at animaldiversity.org
3de Magalhaes, J. P., and Costa, J. (2009) A database of vertebrate longevity records and their relation to other life-history traits. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22(8):1770-1774
4"Diet and Prey Use Patterns of the American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos) Nesting at Pathfinder Reservoir, Wyoming", Scott L. Findholt and Stanley H. Anderson, Colonial Waterbirds Vol. 18, No. 1 (1995), pp. 58-68
5Gibson, D. I., Bray, R. A., & Harris, E. A. (Compilers) (2005). Host-Parasite Database of the Natural History Museum, London
Ecoregions provided by World Wide Fund For Nature (WWF). WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. 01.06 WWF WildFINDER
Images provided by Google Image Search
Abstract provided by DBpedia licensed under a Creative Commons License
Weather provided by NOAA METAR Data Access